From chastity lock, husband being killed by his wife to online celebrity being exposed by domestic violence, what makes us think deeply?

       CCTV News:In order to prevent and stop domestic violence, China implemented the People’s Republic of China (PRC) Anti-Domestic Violence Law in 2016, which made detailed provisions on the prevention, disposal and legal liability of domestic violence. Behind the promulgation of this law is the constant appeal of countless cases and experts and scholars.

       On April 23rd, 2000, legal report broadcasted a program called "Chastity Lock", which was also the earliest program of legal report focusing on domestic violence.

       This program is about a man who put a lock on his 22-year-old girlfriend to ensure her chastity.

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       At the age of 48, Yao opened a clinic in Wuhou District, Chengdu. He used disgraceful means to make the girl Rong Rong commit herself to him. According to Rong Rong’s memory, "The first time I went to the clinic to see a doctor, the second time I went to the infusion, I didn’t know what kind of granule I ate first. I asked him, and he said to take a medicine first, so I took it. After eating it, I was dizzy and lost my virginity."

       Although Rong Rong is 26 years younger than Yao, she thinks she has no choice but to live with this man after losing her virginity. 19 years ago, Rong Rong’s thoughts were representative, and the traditional concept of chastity was still the shackles of the thought of "Rong Rong". Rong Rong didn’t expect it at all. Just after the two lived together, Yao put a real lock on her.

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       Rong Rong: "Yao suspected that I had stolen someone, so he called me to write a review, and I had to write it in his outline, or I would fight if I didn’t write it."

       When the reporter interviewed Yao, he asked him if he thought it was illegal to do so. Yao replied: "I think it is a housework. She agrees with me. It is the same as Zhou Yu’s yellow cover. One is willing to fight and the other is willing to suffer."

       Rong Rong said that she didn’t agree with Yao’s practice of locking her up at that time, but Yao forced her to have surgery by violent means. At that time, Rong Rong was pregnant for four months. After locking, Rong Rong couldn’t stand the pain and asked her neighbors for help. The neighbors reported the police. The public security organs arrested Yao on suspicion of insulting women. Until now, she didn’t know that Yao had actually been married for more than ten years, and his wife left home with her little daughter because she couldn’t stand Yao’s domestic violence. Rong Rong, who is only living together with Yao, has become a substitute for Yao’s domestic violence. In front of the camera, Yao kept saying that it was a housework, and the experts refuted it with great certainty: it was not a housework at all.

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       In fact, since the 1990s, many experts, scholars and people of insight have been advocating to stop domestic violence through public power. They also called for legislation on "anti-domestic violence".

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       In 2001, the Marriage Law of the People’s Republic of China was revised, and "prohibition of domestic violence" was written into law for the first time. At the same time, the Marriage Law also stipulates that husband and wife have equal status in the family and have the obligation to support each other. The legal provisions that seem to be two declarations are interpreted in vivid cases.

       On July 16th, 2002, the program "The Murder of the Song Family" broadcast by legal report told a very rare case of domestic violence. The case happened on May 21st, 2002. Meng Moumou, a resident of Shenyang, was killed at home. It was none other than his wife Huang.

       Huang: "After all, I hurt my lover. I love him very much. I don’t care if I pay for him. I also recognize it for him." However, what the reporter learned is quite different from Huang’s statement.

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       Meng Moumou and Huang have been married for more than ten years. In the years before the incident, both husband and wife were laid off and their lives were tight. His wife, Huang, is strong. She sells newspapers during the day and takes a bath in the bath at night. She earns 15,600 yuan a month, which is the economic pillar of her family. However, her husband, Meng Moumou, has always been idle, has no financial resources at all, and still drinks, gambles and credits outside, so the two often fight. However, it is basically the wife who beats her husband. According to the neighbors, the couple have a small fight for a day or two and a big fight for three or two days, but every time they fight, the husband never fights back.

       One day half a month before the incident, her husband Meng Moumou said that he had found a job loading and unloading fruits in the fruit market. This news really made his wife happy for several days. On May 21, 2002, his wife, Huang, went to the fruit market to find out the situation, but she found that her husband didn’t work there at all. In the evening, when her husband came home, they quarreled, and then they started to fight. His wife Huang grabbed a shovel head, subdued her husband twice, and then tied Meng Moumou to a chair and beat him up.

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       In an interview, Huang said that she didn’t know what was going on at that time, and her mind was blank. She wondered how her husband didn’t learn well. How could a man who was almost 50 years old do this? She was very angry at that time. From 7: 00 pm to 9: 30 pm, my wife is tired of scolding and scolding … … Finally, watching the husband lying on his back foaming at the mouth, his wife panicked and quickly asked her 14-year-old daughter to dial 120, and then the police rushed to the scene. In the end, her husband Meng Moumou died, and his wife Huang was sentenced for the crime of intentional injury. Their daughter was also deeply hurt.

       When commenting on this case, experts pointed out the important source of domestic violence: the unequal status between members of marriage and family. As far as the relationship between husband and wife is concerned, if one party thinks that he is the pillar of this family economically, it will lead to the psychology that others will obey him. When a woman carries a heavy burden on her family, she feels very wronged and "angry" with her husband, but she has no right to achieve a so-called balance by infringing on the other person’s right to life and health. After all, husband and wife have the obligation to help each other in law.

       On December 29, 2011, Li Yang’s divorce case was reported, and foreign women who suffered from domestic violence bravely appeared. In those days, experts and scholars repeatedly called for the introduction of anti-domestic violence laws as soon as possible, making the laws more operational and making the vulnerable in the family no longer afraid.

       In 2012, the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held, and the strategic goal of "comprehensively promoting the rule of law and accelerating the construction of a socialist country ruled by law" was put forward, and the construction of the rule of law entered the fast lane.

       On December 27th, 2015, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) deliberated and passed the People’s Republic of China (PRC) Domestic Violence Law, and the appeal became a reality. Since then, anti-domestic violence work has entered a new era.

       In response to the question of why it took so long for anti-domestic violence legislation to succeed, mo jihong, director of the Institute of International Law of the Academy of Social Sciences, said that the family ethics formed in the feudal social history of our country for thousands of years, that is, things at home are not told, feelings are told at home, beating is kissing and scolding is love, and not beating or scolding is going to deteriorate. Everyone has a high tolerance for the use of violence by family members and a poor awareness of rights protection. Therefore, it took more than ten years to repeatedly do social work, point out this harm, and slowly let the public realize that this problem really needs to be solved through the participation of the news media, and legislation should intervene, and everyone gradually reached a consensus. This is why the Anti-Domestic Violence Law can be promulgated and widely recognized by the society, which is also the embodiment of the development and progress of the times.

       On November 25th, 2019 (International Day against Domestic Violence), online celebrity Yuya (He Moumou, female, 28 years old) accused her boyfriend Tuotuo (Chen Mou, male, 44 years old) of domestic violence against herself in Weibo, and exposed a video surveillance of being dragged by her boyfriend in the elevator. The incident quickly attracted attention and once again caused public discussion on the social problem of domestic violence. Immediately, Weibo, the public security bureau of Jiangbei District, Chongqing, said that the relevant departments attached great importance to it and intervened in the investigation at the first time. The Chongqing Municipal and District Women’s Federation said that it strongly condemns all domestic violence and will provide help and services to the parties. The political and legal departments of Jiangbei District have carried out investigation and handling according to law.

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       A few days later, the Jiangbei District Public Security Bureau announced the investigation results. From the beginning of April, 2019 to the end of August, 2019, Chen Mou repeatedly dragged, shoved, beat and other intentional injuries to He Moumou (He Moumou’s injury was not minor or above). In addition, it was found that Chen Mou also committed illegal acts that threatened the personal safety of others through WeChat. In view of the above-mentioned two illegal acts of Chen Mou, the public security organs respectively imposed administrative penalties according to the Law of People’s Republic of China (PRC) on Public Security Administration Punishment, combined with administrative detention for 20 days and imposed a fine.

       He Moumou applied to Jiangbei District People’s Court for a personal safety protection order on November 27, 2019 to prevent Chen Mou from intentionally injuring him again. At present, the hospital has made a personal safety protection order for He Moumou according to the facts identified after examination.

       Bai Yansong, the host of CCTV, commented on the abuser in domestic violence on November 30, 2019: "Can a man who beats his wife or girlfriend still be called a man? I think not. As for whether it can be called people, everyone has his own opinion. " Although the perpetrator in domestic violence is not necessarily a man, we can certainly understand similar feelings.

       Domestic violence is an act of intentional injury. According to the relevant provisions of China’s criminal law, anyone who intentionally hurts another person’s body and causes minor injuries or more shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, criminal detention or public surveillance. Whoever intentionally injures and causes serious injuries shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; Whoever causes death or causes serious disability by particularly cruel means shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than 10 years, life imprisonment or death. For a single act that is not seriously injured, but there is indeed long-term abuse, China’s criminal law stipulates that if a family member is abused in a bad way, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than two years, criminal detention or public surveillance, and if the victim is seriously injured or killed, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than two years but not more than seven years.

       In addition, the legal profession emphasizes that victims of domestic violence must pay attention to retaining evidence, including recordings, videos, medical records and so on. Because what responsibility the perpetrator will bear depends on the victim’s injury.

       Domestic violence is prohibited by law and deeply hated by society. Combating domestic violence is the common responsibility of the state, society and every family. Every family member also has the obligation to be a participant, supervisor and practitioner of anti-domestic violence. Only by weaving dense grass-roots protective nets can domestic violence, a decadent and illegal act, perish in the sun.

Look quickly! All the secrets of LI are here.

  [car home Information] March 2 was a magical day. On the other side of the ocean, Musk talked about secret ambitions on Investor Day; Li Xiang, CEO of China and LI, spent five pages of PPT at the media communication meeting and shared it for two hours. In view of all the contents he shared, this paper only extracts the product information that everyone cares about, focusing on the follow-up product planning, autonomous driving progress and intelligent cockpit.

Some core messages:

1. Ideal to be a pure electric product, and still adhere to brand positioning: the luxury electric vehicle preferred by the family can be at the same price as the extended-range product.

2. NOA, the ideal city, was pushed to Max users in the fourth quarter.

3. Ideally, 8295 chips will be introduced, and L7/L8/L9 will support the replacement of 8295 chips.

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■ What is the ideal pure electric vehicle?

  Friends who care about the ideal know that the ideal is not a dead-end extended range, but also pure electricity, and will make extended-range products until 2030. Unfortunately, at this communication meeting, we still don’t know what the ideal first pure electric product is. LI’s classmates told me that it is a "form you haven’t seen before", and the spy photos that have flowed out at present show that it may be an MPV. But obviously the ideal is not only a pure electric product, combined with the information of the financial report communication meeting at the end of February,The ideal pure electric product has a product sequence similar to the L series, which meets the needs of home users in the price range of 200,000-500,000.Of course, no matter what body shape it is, it is bound to have a big impact on the pure electric products that are mainly used at home at this stage.

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"ideal pure electric MPV spy photos"

  However, no matter what this pure tram is, it still adheres to the ideal concept of "luxury electric car preferred by the family". Therefore, friends who care about their families can rest assured that the ideal pure electric product will not suddenly go off course, and get a big super-run with a speed of 100 kilometers for 3 seconds, so just wait and buy it.

  Li Xiang mentioned in his speeches everywhere that choosing extended range can solve two problems, one is battery cost and the other is energy supplement. Excellent manufacturers are trying their best to solve these two problems, such as Tesla’s extreme cost reduction and overcharging, and Weilai’s desperate efforts to build and replace power stations.

  The cost of batteries remains high, either manufacturers lose money to earn money or consumers spend more money; It is inconvenient to replenish energy. Some people say that an ideal range extender with low technical content directly hangs the 800 VSiC that a manufacturer has worked hard to make, which is not rough.

  Of course, we can’t say that the technology of 800V SiC is not good. In fact, the ideal pure electric vehicle is also this technology, and this technology is used to solve the above-mentioned cost and energy supplement problems.

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  In terms of cost, Li Xiang said that 800V pure electric products are not so expensive, and they can achieve the same price as extended range. He said that the battery of 100kWh can last about 600km now, but we can use 80kWh through 800V and SiC components. And let the cost drop by 30,000-40,000 yuan, and the money saved will of course be piled up in the comfortable and intelligent configuration that we like to see.

  In terms of energy supplement, Li wanted to show a set of mode of household slow charging+urban fast charging (200kW)+ high-speed overcharge (480kW), and he also made the account clear. For example, a charging station with 480kW+3 250kW piles costs 1 million RMB, and 1,000 stations are built, which will be shared over five years, with an annual income of 2 billion, that is, 100 billion yuan.

  However, some people question this set of accounting logic and the pressure of the power grid. As we are not experts, we will not analyze it indiscriminately. In short, we all know that the ideal is to replenish energy, and it will not be worse than other manufacturers.

  Summarize the characteristics of ideal pure electric products: strong household attributes, the same price as extended range, and comfortable energy supplement. As for the time, although Li Xiang didn’t say it, according to the news in early February, it was off the assembly line in July and officially mass-produced in September.

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  By the way, L5 is a big satellite in LI. At present, there are only two information points that Li wants to talk about in Weibo, namely, the non-SUV form and the price range of 200,000-300,000. However, according to Li Xiang himself, the ideal L7/L8/L9 is just like an Apple mobile phone, except for the case. This is really keep real… Then the L6 (five-seat SUV within 300,000) and L5 are estimated to be quite different. The form of non-SUV is a supplement to the ideal product line. After all, you have to walk on two legs these days.

■ NOA internal test of the ideal AD Max open city in the fourth quarter.

   It is not a new force to not engage in autonomous driving these days. In the new year, everyone began to roll up the city NOA. The ideal plan is to open the internal test of early bird users in NOA city on the ideal AD Max in the fourth quarter of this year. It should be noted here that the AD Pro version does not support urban NOA, but the actual experience of high-speed NOA is basically the same as that of the Max version, so you must pay attention when buying a car.

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  Li Xiang believes that electric vehicles that cannot realize NOA in cities can only be called "electric vehicles", not "smart electric vehicles". The city NOA is actually similar to the high-speed NOA realized by many manufacturers at present, except that the scene is changed to the city, and the automatic driving from point A to point B is realized in the city without human takeover.

  From the second half of 2022, the city NOA has taken shape. Tucki, the pioneer of autonomous driving, pushed CNGP (city NOA, called by different manufacturers) on P5 in September 2022; Extreme Fox Alpha S HI and Huawei, WEY Mocha and Millie Zhixing have all realized this function.

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"Tucki city navigation aid"

  At present, there are various factions and ideas under NOA in the city. For example, whether the high-precision map is used or not has undergone a series of changes and iterations. Previously, Tucki was a high-precision map player (it seems that he hasn’t completely given up now, and He Xiaopeng also proposed to speed up the review process of high-precision maps at the two sessions), and he also has Grade B mapping qualification. But now most players are gradually turning to the route of "emphasizing perception and ignoring maps", and in terms of perception, there are also pure visual Tesla and radar cameras.

  Under the mode of relying on high-precision maps, the city NOA will be limited to cities that allow surveying and mapping. For example, the city NCA of Polar Fox is still limited to Shenzhen and Shanghai. Li Xiang said that the ideal will not demarcate the city NOA one by one like the traditional model, but will promote NOA in many cities based on the big model and BEV (Bird’s Eye View, not electric cars). This is also the so-called software 2.0 era.

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"Tesla’s perceptual process"

   BEV perception is to establish a bird’s-eye view of camera images from multiple perspectives and then perceive them, and cooperate with Transformer algorithm to make autonomous driving more cattle. In the case that Tesla, a pioneer, explores the road for everyone, domestic car companies have also started this set of operations. Li wants to predict that these companies using the Orin computing platform will basically deliver the earliest NOA; for testing in the fourth quarter of this year; By the end of the year, most head enterprises can achieve the level of Tesla at the end of 2011, and by 2024, everyone can generally achieve the level of Tesla in North America at the end of 2022 and the beginning of 2023.

  In the end, the city NOA does not need to become fully autonomous driving, but it can help drivers improve their experience when there is traffic jam every day. If more than 60% or even more than 80% of the cars in the city can be driven by this function, and the safety is no problem, it will have a huge change. Just as consumers buy a 20-30-story building, it is a fundamental difference whether there is an elevator or not.

  Judging from the current situation, autonomous driving also requires manufacturers to continuously educate users to use it, so that users can’t live without it. The utilization rate of assisted driving in LI is over 13%, and the utilization rate in high-speed scenes has exceeded 50%. According to the Spring Festival travel data released by Weilai, its total mileage is 276,699,061 kilometers, and the total mileage of NIO Pilot is 39,135,610 kilometers, about 14%.

  But judging from the situation of G9, another new force in Tucki, it has little effect on assisted driving. I think that autonomous driving is indeed the right way, but this road has a long way to go. Perhaps next year, with the landing of NOA in the city, the utilization rate of automatic driving assistance can be significantly improved.

■ Don’t worry, the old owner can upgrade 8295.

  LI is known as "creating a mobile home", so they collectively refer to the things in the car as intelligent technology, and this space will be the largest, most comfortable and most intelligent. Everyone holds a screen at home, so be sure to put more screens in the car. In this regard, everyone is most concerned about getting on the 8295 chip.

  The computing power of Qualcomm 8295 chip is eight times that of 8155. According to the current rhythm, the ideal may be the same as that of Jidu, and 8295 will be delivered in the fourth quarter of this year, and the ideal new product is expected to be released during this time period. Then the question is coming. What about the old L9/L8/L7? I believe that everyone has not forgotten the rights protection incident of Li ONE’s change before?

LI Ideal L9 2022 Max

  But don’t worry this time, the old car owner can change the 8295 chip, but the change and how much money are still under study. At that time, Zhu Yu, who spent 300 million yuan to upgrade the old car owner for free, was in the front. What would the ideal do? However, it should be noted that the ideal delivery volume is not comparable to that of Krypton in that year, so I suggest that the old car owners should have a bottom in mind first, and it may be more comfortable to lower their expectations in the future.

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  After getting on the bus, the 8295 has greatly improved the intelligent cockpit, supporting more screens, stronger 3D rendering ability and millisecond voice. Even due to its powerful computing power, even if NVIDIA’s autopilot chip dies, it can take over autopilot … At present, 8295 is still a piece of jade to be carved, depending on how the manufacturer empowers it. According to Jidu, at present, manufacturers have not fully utilized 8295, especially in the AI part. Just as the ideal is also very concerned about AI, we can look forward to how the ideal plays 8295.

LI Ideal L9 2022 Max

  In addition, the "ideal classmate" has changed from the elephant scheme to the ideal self-research, and has now evolved into a new generation of end-cloud integrated architecture, which can support the deployment of stronger and more complex algorithms in the car. In addition, the self-developed algorithm has also improved in voice and visual interaction. LI believes that a good voice assistant should be awake, quick in execution, accurate in recognition, able to understand everything and speak human words. That is, to improve perception, performance and recognition. Suppliers can no longer meet their needs, so they turn to self-research.

■ Where is the degree of "self-research"?

  Next, we want to talk about "self-research". Tesla, the industry leader, has always been a leader in its self-developed chips; BYD, the king of China, is a moat for its self-developed and self-produced batteries, which can also be exported. Many car companies are also flaunting their own self-research on assisted driving, electric driving and engines. Where is the degree of "self-research"?

  LI believes that self-research and self-control are two dimensions, and the proportion of self-research and self-control should be controlled at 25%-30%, which should not be too high or too low. In addition to fully meeting the needs of users, we should also ensure the landing of core technologies and the safety of supply chain. The direction of self-research of ideal core technology is all related to platform technology. Such as extended-range electric, high-voltage pure electricity, smart space, intelligent driving and EEA electrical architecture. There will also be some self-developed technologies such as silicon carbide functional modules and three-in-one motors on the pure level stage.

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  In terms of meeting the needs of users, for example, a "task master", the hardware and software of the task master can be called together. Li Xiang said, whether it is self-research depends on how many functions can be called in the task master. Some functions are not open to you by the supplier. Only you can call all the functions by self-research and combine them together.

■ Edit summary

    Generally speaking, this paper only shows a small part of the ideal spring communication meeting. At this communication meeting, what Li wants to share is not only about products and technologies, but also a lot about companies, growth and entrepreneurship. It can even be said that if you want to start a business, you can also benefit from listening to this communication meeting.

  In the first two months of the year 2023, the ideals are firmly in the top position of the new car-making forces. Obviously, the ideals still have big moves. So what level do you think LI can reach this year? Can you surpass the second-line luxury and challenge BBA? Welcome to communicate in the comment area. (Text/car home Xing Yueyang)

Summary of Nearly 20 New Cars in 2024 new york Auto Show

  [car home Information] On March 27th, local time in the United States, the 2024 new york Auto Show officially opened. Although the scale of overseas auto shows is gradually shrinking, there are still nearly 20 new cars released at this auto show. Among them, Ford, Hyundai Group (including Hyundai, Kia and Janice) and Nissan (including Nissan and British finidi) have released heavy models, and Hyundai Group’s new cars are almost half of the country. Let’s take a look at what they have.

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◆ Modern new Tucson/Tucson XRT

  The new modern Tucson and Tucson XRT positioning compact SUV, the appearance is still familiar with the family style, the interior has been greatly renovated, and the power will provide fuel, hybrid and plug-in hybrid systems.

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New Tucson plug-in hybrid version

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New Tucson XRT

  From the appearance, the new car still continues the design of Korean and European models, and the front face is very eye-catching with similar borderless grille shape and split headlight design. Besides,Tucson XRT is different from the ordinary Tucson mainly in the lower enclosure, and the former is more wild.

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  Coming to the side, the two models are only different in details. The new Tucson plug-in hybrid version is equipped with 19-inch wheels, and the D-pillar is decorated with silver; The XRT version is equipped with 18-inch wheels, and there are more decorative elements at the wheel eyebrows. The D-pillar and the exterior rearview mirror are blackened. It is also worth mentioning that the XRT version can also be equipped with horizontal brackets on the luggage rack to further enhance the off-road atmosphere.

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  There is not much difference between the two models in the tail, mainly because the lower enclosure is different. The XRT version is equipped with a black guard to show its identity. Above it is the iconic through taillight design, and the four "fangs" that protrude downward further enhance the layering of the rear.

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  Looking at the interior again, the new car is equipped with the currently popular dual screen design. The LCD instrument and the center console are both 12.3 inches in size, and the through air conditioning air outlet design can enhance the visual width inside the car. In addition, the new car is designed with a hood, and two cup holders and a wireless charging panel are integrated under the center console. In addition, the new car has upgraded its sound insulation performance, with a double-layer sound insulation glass at the front door and a thicker floor in the car. More sound insulation materials are equipped near the front wheel, at the bottom of the driver’s seat, and at the B-pillar and C-pillar.

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  In terms of power, the new car will provide fuel version, hybrid version and plug-in hybrid version in the North American market. The fuel version is equipped with a 2.5L four-cylinder engine with a maximum power of 187 HP, matching an 8-speed automatic transmission; Both the hybrid version and the plug-in hybrid version are composed of a 1.6T engine and a motor, and the combined maximum power of the system is 231 HP and 268 HP respectively. The transmission system is matched with a 6-speed automatic gearbox and a four-wheel drive version is provided.


◆ New modern Santa Cruz

  The new model (|) has been upgraded in appearance and interior. This auto show is still an XRT version, adding more off-road kits to enable it to compete with the biggest competitor Ford Maverick FX4 version.

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New Santa Cruz XRT

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New Santa Cruz

  In terms of appearance, the new modern Santa Cruz has undergone obvious changes. The previous "V-shaped" grille has now been replaced by a rectangular design, making it look tougher. The XRT version of the grille is blackened and equipped with a black logo, and the trailer hook with the same color on the lower enclosure is also very eye-catching.

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New Santa Cruz XRT

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New Santa Cruz

  Viewed from the side, the new car adopts brand-new side pedals, cargo box railings and door trim panels, brand-new multi-spoke wheels, and a wide-body shape, which looks sporty. In addition, the new car is equipped with black door handles and black rearview mirrors, and is equipped with 18-inch and off-road tires.

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New Santa Cruz XRT

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New Santa Cruz

  Some new cars at the rear of the car have not changed much. The XRT version mainly blackens the lower enclosure, and at the same time, the shape has been adjusted to make it have a larger departure angle. Modern Santa Cruz is a small and flexible type of pickup truck, and the depth of the new car container is short, so it is judged that pulling goods is not the main function of the vehicle, and the relatively small container also reserves a large space for the passenger compartment. The shorter wheelbase also takes into account certain handling flexibility.

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  In terms of interior, the new car has the latest family-style design style, and the double 12.3-inch continuous screen design is exactly the same as the new Tucson. At the same time, the car also retains some mechanical buttons, taking into account the convenience of daily use. In terms of configuration, the new car will also be equipped with the latest Bluelink+ car networking and modern car payment system, and will also be equipped with wireless Apple CarPlay/Android Auto. The XRT version has panoramic images and blind spot cameras, enriching its off-road scene.

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  In terms of power, the new car will provide a 2.5L naturally aspirated engine and a 2.5T turbocharged engine, of which the maximum power of the 2.5L naturally aspirated engine is 191 horsepower; The maximum power of the 2.5T engine is 285 horsepower, the transmission system is matched with an 8-speed dual-clutch gearbox, and it is equipped with an HTRAC four-wheel drive system. In addition, the XRT version also has a traction capacity of 5,000 pounds.


◆ New KIA K5

  As a mid-term redesigned model, the new Kia K5 has been adjusted for many details on the basis of the old model, and the interior has been greatly upgraded, and the sense of grade has been significantly improved.

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  The appearance of the new car has not changed drastically, and the designer only brought some details to it. On both sides of the slender borderless roars grille, there are exaggerated headlight groups. The shape of daytime running lights is more complicated and the internal LED light groups are flatter. The front enclosure adopts a new style to further highlight the sense of movement.

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  The side adjustment is limited to the new style of multi-spoke two-color wheels, which looks more upscale, as shown below, and other new wheels are available. Thanks to the adjustment of the taillights, the new car has higher recognition, and the rear surround also increases the three-dimensional sense compared with the cash.

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KIA (Import) KIA K5 (Import) 2024 Basic Model

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  In contrast, changes in the car will make potential consumers more happy. The current split screen with large borders has been replaced by the popular floating dual screen, which looks more concise and lightweight. The air-conditioning air outlet at the top is changed to a hidden design, and the air-conditioning control panel is moved to the vicinity of the central air outlet, giving a stronger overall feeling.

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  In terms of configuration, the new car is equipped with an upgraded head-up display system, a higher resolution front/rear camera, an upgraded sound insulation material, etc. In addition, a fingerprint recognition device is added behind the driving mode knob.

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  In terms of power system, the new car will provide 2.0L naturally aspirated engine (160 HP), 1.6T engine (180 HP), 2.0LPI LPG engine (146 HP) and 2.0L hybrid power (152 HP engine and 38.6kW motor).


◆ New KIA K4

  The new KIA K4 positioning compact car will replace the current KIA Forte in overseas markets, and it is planned to be listed in North America in mid-2024. In terms of power, the new car will be equipped with 1.6T and 2.0L engines, and it is expected that the GT version will have stronger power in the future.

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Kia (imported) Forte 2024 basic model

  Appearance, the new car adopts KIA’s brand-new design language, and the headlight group is very sharp, equipped with slender LED daytime running lights. The front of the car is equipped with a blackened air intake net, which is integrated with the lines of headlights, further widening the visual width of the front of the car. The lower enclosure is equipped with a blackened air inlet, which is matched with a two-color large-size five-spoke wheel rim, which well reflects the sports attribute.

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Home of the car

Home of the car

Home of the car

  From the side of the car body, the new car adopts a slip-back shape, and the body lines are very smooth, which enhances the sense of movement and helps to reduce the drag coefficient. The line of the side window comes to an abrupt end in the C-pillar part, which looks very recognizable. In addition, the length of the new car is 4709mm and the width is 1849mm, which is larger than that of Kia Forte as a whole. From the rear of the car, the new car seems to be equipped with penetrating taillights, but only the L-shaped areas on both sides can actually be lit.

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Home of the car

  In terms of interior, the new car is made of Kia’s brand-new design language, with dark green color matching and a newly designed double-spoke flat-bottomed steering wheel. Kia’s LOGO is not centered and its shape is very avant-garde. The new car is equipped with a full LCD dashboard and a large LCD central control panel, but the center console still retains some physical buttons to facilitate the operation of common functions.

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  In terms of power, the new car will provide two options: 1.6T and 2.0L engines, of which the maximum power of the 1.6T engine is 190 HP and the maximum power of the 2.0L engine is 147 HP. The transmission system will be matched with the 8-speed automatic gearbox and CVT continuously variable gearbox respectively.


◆ Kia K4 hatchback version

  At the 2024 new york Auto Show, KIA officially announced that it will launch a new hatchback version of KIA K4 in North America, which will be officially released this year. The car will be built based on the new Kia K4 and will share the powertrain.

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Home of the car

Kia K4 hatchback version

Kia (imported) Forte 2024 basic model

Kia (imported) Forte 2024 basic model

Kia K4 sedan edition

  Judging from the official map released at the scene, the hatchback version will still adopt the design of the sedan version in the front face, and it seems to have very good sports attributes as a whole. The rear of the car will adopt a hatchback shape, and the roof line will be straighter and extend out of the roof spoiler. Other designs, including taillights and rear enclosure, will continue the appearance of the sedan version.

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Home of the car

  In terms of power, the new car will be equipped with two options: 1.6T and 2.0L engines. The 1.6T engine has a maximum power of 190 HP and a peak torque of 264 Nm. The transmission system is matched with an 8-speed automatic gearbox. The 2.0L engine has a maximum power of 147 HP and a peak torque of 179 Nm, and its transmission system is matched with CVT continuously variable gearbox.


◆ Jennisseth X Gran Berlinetta concept car

  Genesis x Gran Berlinetta Concept, a brand-new concept car of Jennisseth, has been launched in the Gran Turismo 7 game before, and it is equipped with an e-SC V6 engine with a maximum speed of 10,000 rpm. In the real world, Janice also built a 1:1 model car for display.

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

Jennisseth Jennisseth X concept car 2024 Gran Berlinetta Vision Gran Turismo

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  According to the official, the concept car adopts the design of "anti-wedge attitude", the front face still continues the family style, and the double light strip design is very recognizable. It is worth mentioning that the hood of the car will adopt gull-wing door design, and the exhaust is also integrated at the hood, which is very advanced in concept. The rear of the vehicle creates a standard oval shape through a spoiler, and is equipped with a large diffuser below, and integrated with a vertically designed taillight, which is quite a taste of Formula One racing.

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Home of the car

Home of the car

  Entering the car, the concept car adopts a double-seat layout, and the overall center console is very simple. The penetrating central control panel is embedded in the center console, and two knobs are equipped below for control. The steering wheel is very competitive in shape, with a built-in display as the dashboard and a HUD head-up display. In addition, the car is also equipped with a knob design with a display screen on the steering wheel and door panel, which may be worth learning in future production cars.

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Home of the car

  In terms of power, the concept car will be equipped with a V6 engine named e-SC in the virtual world, which will be equipped with an electric turbocharger. With the maximum speed exceeding 10000rpm, it can generate the maximum power of 882 HP and the maximum torque of 1,071 Nm. In addition, the car will be equipped with a motor, and the maximum power of the system can reach 1,086 HP and the maximum torque is 1,337 Nm.


◆ Jennisseth Neolun concept car

  The name "Neolun" in the Neolun concept car of Jennisseth comes from the combination of the Greek word "neo" and the Latin word "luna", which symbolizes Jennisseth’s increasingly enterprising and innovative, and defines the brand’s vision for the future.

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

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  The Neolun concept car of Jennisseth adopts the future direction of product development and design. The official said that its design was inspired by the white glazed moon jar, and the whole car was simple in shape. However, the iconic front face shape of Jennisseth brand was outlined through the integrated light set of the car body, and the two-color car body color matching "midnight black" and "sky blue" highlighted the exquisite and elegant temperament.

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

  The most striking feature of the side of the car body is that it adopts the door-to-door design without B-pillar, which provides more open and redundant internal space. It is reported that the door-to-door design without B-pillar of Jennisseth has reached the mass production level. The Neolun concept car of Jennisseth has an electric welcome pedal, which automatically starts when passengers get in and out of the car. When the door is closed, the welcome pedal will be retracted to the car body, showing a seamless design. In addition, the new car is equipped with 24-inch wheels.

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

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  The design of a large number of horizontal lines at the tail makes it look more generous, and the shape is also simple. The integrated light group highlights the taillight shape and outlines the strength and weight of the model. In terms of body size, the length, width and height of the new car are 5253/2097/1836mm and the wheelbase is 3297 mm.

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

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  From the perspective of interior, the sense of technology and comfort coexist, and the front rotating seat of Jennisseth Neolun concept car provides passengers with maximum space and practicality. In addition, the car is inspired by the concept of "sudden warming" of floor heating, and the heating elements carried by the concept car of Jennisseth Neolun are all over the instrument panel, door trim, floor, seat back and side of the central armrest, thus achieving efficient heating of the whole car.

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

Geniseth Geniseth Neolun 2024 Concept

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Home of the car

  In detail, the indigo cashmere leather in the car is seamlessly integrated with the retro-style purple silk leather, which is impregnated with ecological pigments. In addition, for the sound system, the official said that the advanced acoustic architecture was adopted, and the high, medium, bass and subwoofer speakers were exquisitely arranged to provide an immersive audio experience.


◆ Jennisseth GV60 Magma concept car

  With the official appearance of the GV60 Magma concept car, the JYNISES Magma project was officially launched, marking the brand’s official entry into the high-performance field under the leadership of legendary driver Jacky Ickx. The goal of Janice is to develop high-performance vehicles based on the existing product matrix, covering every production vehicle, taking into account the improvement of aesthetics and performance experience. The GV60 Magma concept car of Jennisseth will be the first high-performance concept car under Magma plan to enter the mass production stage.

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Home of the car

  The GV60 Magma concept car was built on the basis of the GV60, and it is still positioned as a medium-sized crossover SUV with pure electricity, built on the pure electric platform of E-GMP. The new car unveiled this time has upgraded its battery and motor configuration.

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Home of the car

Home of the car

  In terms of appearance, the new car has a stylish and sporty appearance, and the family’s iconic double-layer split headlight design is highly recognizable. The GV60 Magma concept car is equipped with three air holes above the main air intake to provide additional cooling for the vehicle.

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  The lower edge of the side window of the car body keeps rising and cooperating with the waistline of the car body, and the roof keeps pressing backwards from the front of the car, forming a coupé design at the rear of the car. The wheel eyebrows and the lower edge of the car body are decorated in the same color as the car body, and the doors also use hidden door handles, facial recognition and fingerprint recognition systems.

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Home of the car

  In addition, the body is integrated with wings to strengthen the downward pressure on the front axle. The larger fender and integrated wheel arch design are helpful to reduce kinetic energy consumption and improve the cooling efficiency of cold braking system. In addition, the car will be equipped with 21-inch titanium and silver rims and integrated with air circulation discs, which will play a role in cooling the brake system.

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Home of the car

Home of the car

Home of the car

  At the rear of the vehicle, the new car adopts a rounded tail shape, and the design of sliding back perfectly echoes this design. In order to increase the sports characteristics, a hard-core spoiler with high-position brake lights is added to the tail. The taillights echo the headlights, and they are still split-type headlights with sharp shapes.

  For the interior, the back of the chair, bucket seat and rhombic stitching are made of Magma’s signature lava orange and titanium ash, and are wrapped in black NAPPA leather and suede.

  As for power, at present, the power output of the GV60 is different according to different models, which are the performance version (sports mode -320kW/605 Nm; Boost mode -360kW/700 Nm), standard rear drive (168kW/350 Nm) and standard four-wheel drive (234kW/605 Nm). In Boost mode, the acceleration of the car from 0 to 100 km/h is 3.9 seconds. The new car adopts the front McPherson rear 5-link suspension, and is equipped with a 77.4kWh battery pack. The maximum cruising range of CLTC can reach 645 kilometers. If fast charging is used, it can charge from 10% to 80% in 18 minutes, supporting 400V class fast charging and 800V ultra-high speed fast charging. DRIFT mode provides an unprecedented drift experience for driving enthusiasts.


◆ Janice G80 Magma Special Edition

  The special edition of JYNISES G80 Magma (Lava Orange Special Edition) is based on the current JYNISES G80 body. As a special edition model, it not only has its own body color scheme, but also has a lower profile and a full sense of muscle. It is worth noting that the G80 Magma special edition of Janice will be hand-made and sold exclusively in the Middle East, with a limited edition of 20 vehicles.

  This time, Janice released the Magma high-performance plan, and Janice will develop high-performance models based on the existing product matrix, covering every production model. In the future, the products born in the Jennisseth Magma project will be painted with lava orange as a symbol of identity.

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Home of the car

Home of the car

  Specifically, the G80 Magma special edition of Janice basically continues the design of the current model, and the iconic large mouth net of Janice has a strong visual impact. However, the front face of the new car has a stronger sense of weight. With the headlight group with parallel line style and the front lip with exaggerated visual effects, it doesn’t look angry.

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Home of the car

Home of the car

  Viewed from the side, the elegant proportion of the new car presents a very smooth line design, creating a retro-like beauty. The C-pillar is not like a conventional car, but directly connected to the rear of the car, forming a coupe-like shape. In addition, the lower part of the car body has a quite obvious wide-body effect, and with the low-lying car body structure, the sense of movement is directly full.

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Home of the car

Home of the car

Home of the car

   The design surrounding the rear of the car is more radical. The circular exhaust design with two sides creates a strong sporty atmosphere. The license plate rack area is still inverted trapezoid, and the whole rear of the car looks more layered.

  In terms of power, at present, the current model of Janice G80 adopts a 2.5T engine, with a maximum power of 304 HP and a peak torque of 442 Nm. It also provides a 3.5T engine overseas, with a maximum power of 380 HP. The transmission will match the 8-speed automatic manual transmission, and each model is available in rear-drive and four-wheel drive versions.

2017 Shanghai Auto Show opens, new energy vehicles become "mainstream"

  Beijing, April 20 (Reporter Zhu Hongyuan) According to the economic voice "Tianxia Finance", the 17th Shanghai International Automobile Industry Exhibition in 2017 opened yesterday. As the most influential international auto show in China, more than 1,000 vehicle companies and parts companies from 18 countries and regions participated in the exhibition this year, and 1,400 vehicles were exhibited. In addition to the traditional car brands, this year’s emerging new energy car brands, and Internet car companies that have received much attention have also brought their own products.

  The number of mass production vehicles of new energy vehicles exceeds that of traditional vehicles.

  This year’s Shanghai Auto Show has 113 first cars in the world, while there are 159 new energy exhibition cars, including 96 domestic manufacturers. New energy, smart cars and Internet-made cars have become the general trend of the development of the automobile industry. As Yin Tongyue, Chairman of Chery Automobile Co., Ltd. said, the number of new energy production vehicles has exceeded the number of traditional vehicles.

  Yin Tongyue: "There are about three or four new energy vehicles this year. Now new energy vehicles have exceeded the amount of traditional vehicles. New energy vehicles mainly solve pollution and national energy security problems."

  At present, China is experiencing the largest and fastest urbanization process in the history of the world, with 20 million rural people flooding into cities every year. Although it promotes economic development and social progress, it also breeds a series of urban diseases. This has led many car companies to study the solutions of "pollution control" and "congestion control" and put forward the concept of "green transportation".  

  Wang Chuanfu, chairman and president of BYD, said: "As early as seven years ago, BYD launched ‘ Electrification of urban public transport ’ The solution is to give priority to the use of low-carbon and environmentally-friendly electric vehicles in the field of urban public transportation to reduce the exhaust pollution of the city. Now, this solution has risen to a national strategy. Major cities are accelerating the popularization of electric vehicles, which plays a positive role in alleviating smog. "

  Building cars on the Internet is the future trend.

  As far as the current development is concerned, the automobile is no longer a simple means of transportation. It will become an effective mobile means to maintain smart homes, smart grids and wireless city and build a low-carbon society. This has also prompted many internet companies to devote themselves to the automobile industry. Ge Jingdong, vice president of Sina, believes that building cars on the Internet must be the future trend.

  Ge Jingdong: "This is the trend of cross-border integration, ‘ Internet plus & rsquo; The combination with various industries, of course, does not rule out that some enterprises in this process have not figured out what is going on, are good at telling stories well, and have not done a good job in basic work, but they will slowly go to the past and leave some truly competitive projects. "

  It is necessary to establish a supporting system for battery treatment.

  At present, the embryonic form of a future automobile society is taking shape, and the independent innovation and market potential of China automobile industry will leave the world with a broader imagination. In the future, new energy vehicles and smart cars will continue to emerge, but Zhao Chen, the founder of Sina Auto Car Help, also expressed his concern.

  Zhao Chen: "But I think the biggest problem now is that we must do a good job in battery technology, and at the same time, the problems to be solved are: one is that it is difficult to charge, and the matching of residential areas and urban planning must keep pace. The second is batteries, because almost pure electric vehicles and new energy vehicles are still in a period of rapid development, but we should consider how to recycle and dispose of these batteries after these vehicles are scrapped. This is the most serious problem, and we can’t have many problems in the environment after decades of rapid development. Automobile manufacturers must play their social responsibilities, and a standard system must be established for recycling batteries and scrapping batteries. "

Staff: Accurate Music Language

  A special music performance was held in Montpellier, a city in the south of France. Eighteen birds played a wonderful movement on a Gibson electric guitar.

  With the piano entering more and more families, the staff has changed from "familiar face" to "explosive red" among the general public. Because in piano teaching, the notation of staff is widely used all over the world, and only the staff can fully express the music score.

  Notation is to music what words are to language.

  The earliest information of human music can only be preserved from generation to generation through oral instruction. Before the modern high-tech sound carrier appeared, there was only one notation for recording and storing music. At present, the most well-known staff faithfully "writes" the composer’s creative intentions and achievements, which can be called a spectacle created by human music civilization and a microcosm of the emergence and development of music language.

  1. The music recorded on plants opens the notation.

  The earliest origin of staff can be traced back to ancient Greece. Music occupies a very important position in the field of knowledge in ancient Greece. The ancient Greeks used two notations, both of which used letters or similar letters as symbols. One was used to record the melody of vocal music, and the other was used to record the melody of instrumental music. Vocal music notation originated in Ionian at the end of the 5th century BC, and instrumental music notation may be earlier. It is said that the music written in the Vienna National Library on the plant products called Pa Pirus is the oldest music in the world, with a history of two thousand years.

  Some studies also show that a city discovered in 1918, 100 miles southwest of Cairo — — In an ancient ruins in Oxilinkus, researchers found a written record of music — — A hymn fragment written on papyrus. In those days when music was usually spread by word of mouth, even the private remains scrawled on papyrus were extremely rare. This is also the only music record that survived in the first 400 years of Christianity. Above this hymn, the pitch and sound value are recorded by some alphabetic arrangement or simple auxiliary line symbols, which is also a typical feature of the earliest music score format. It has eight different notes, spanning an octave, these letters arranged in a straight line, each note corresponds to a scale, and the scale combination of long and short squares; The horizontal strokes and individual dots on the notes indicate which words should be emphasized when singing.

  In addition, a scholar from the University of California, Berkeley, published an article in 1985, demonstrating that the earliest musical notation was found on the cuneiform tablets originating from the two river basins.

  As the predecessor of staff notation — — Newham notation appeared in the 8th century AD. The word "Neum" comes from Greek, which means "symbol" and is a way to express music in the form of drawing. Since the 8th century, in order to prevent those uncommon hymns from being forgotten because of too long interval, monks who copied hymns added some symbols similar to language stress or punctuation at the top of the lyrics, indicating the up-and-down trend of hymns concisely. This symbol is called "Neum Spectrum".

  In the early days, Newham notation was limited to indicating the direction of hymn tunes, and could not indicate the pitch position and note length. Later, someone creatively used a straight line to mark Newham spectrum to the top and bottom of this straight line, and defined this straight line as F, so the ancestor of staff appeared — — A line spectrum.

  In the middle of the 9th century, a complete hymn melody copied with Newm symbols appeared. In the development of notation, some places began to arrange the upper and lower spatial distances between Neum symbols according to the size of intervals. Moreover, Newham notation indicating the pitch and interval structure of melody has gradually formed, and some symbols can indicate a single note or a group of notes, which helps people to record music melody completely. Later, this Newham spectrum gradually developed into two-line spectrum and three-line spectrum.

  It took nearly four centuries to change from color to black and white.

  Different from today’s black-and-white world, the staff was colorful in the process of reproduction.

  In the 11th century, Guido D ‘Alezzo, a musician in arezzo, Italy, added Newham spectral lines to four lines, and specified the pitch as D, F, A and C, and the range was about eight degrees. Different pitches were expressed by clef or color, and the red line represented F sound, and the yellow line or green line represented C sound, which made the pitch more accurate. This kind of music score was called "four-line score", and they later became high notes in the staff. Since then, due to the need of playing, Newham’s spectrum has appeared six-line spectrum, seven-line spectrum and even eleven-line spectrum. To commemorate the invention and birth of the staff, people called Guido D ‘Alezo "the father of the staff".

  Then, how does the staff come from "stepping on colorful auspicious clouds" return to the black and white world?

  More and more composers are involved in the exploration of more accurate music notation. By the 13th century, the four-line score used all black lines, only a Latin letter was written at the front of the line to indicate the absolute pitch of this notation. This method gradually became popular in Europe at that time. But unfortunately, it still can’t show a clear rhythm. Especially the multi-part melody is becoming more and more complex, and people urgently need to find a way to accurately describe the length of each sound. At this time, a monk named Frank in Cologne, Germany, pioneered the different lengths of "black notes" in his book The Art of Theorem Songs. This notation, which strictly specifies the length of notes, rests and marks, is a supplement and enrichment to Newham’s spectrum and can be called a landmark improvement in the development of line spectrum.

  In the 15th century, the trend of black notes receded, and the types of notes increased, and hollow notes appeared to represent the sound value, which is also commonly known as "white notes". With the development of line spectrum in this period, the position of pitch and the length of sound can be basically recorded, and the Fu Tou has also become a circle.

  In order to change the situation that the spectral lines of musical scores are too many and complicated, European countries later unified Newham spectrum into five lines, and the notes that are too high or too low were expressed by adding lines, which made the recording of pitch more perfect. Since the 17th century, the staff developed on the basis of Newham’s spectrum and quantitative notation tends to be perfect, gradually finalized and has been used ever since.

  After centuries of "tempering", the staff has gradually reached unprecedented accuracy. According to this, composers can mark the changes of volume, speed and timbre more carefully, which can be said to be "presented in detail"

  When water is full, it overflows. Too precise music "language" was later considered by some people as a "double-edged sword". Although it can convey the composer’s creative intention in detail, it squeezes the space for the performer to improvise, which makes the musician shout "not enough". As a result, the direction of notation has changed again, and the final interpretation right of music has been returned to the performers. The performers no longer stick to "accurate presentation" but boldly release their individuality, which makes each performance unique.

  At this point, music notation has gone through thousands of years of development, from being a summary of memos at first, to helping players repeat performances accurately, and then returning to the original point after a big circle.

  3. The first "cross-border" album recording traditional Chinese opera comes from Mei Lanfang.

  In the history of music development in China for thousands of years, there have been many ways of notation, such as subtractive notation, metrical notation, Lv Zi notation, etc. Up to now, except for Gongchi notation, there are a few old folk artists who are using it, and other notation methods are forgotten because they are too cumbersome.

  Accompanied by drums, ancient people sat together, playing games and cheering for fun — — In this way, the embryonic form of early China’s music score was derived from entertainment. Drum music in the Book of Rites Throwing Pots is the oldest ancient music score in China, which appeared in the Zhou Dynasty and has a history of more than 3,000 years. There are some comma symbols in the score, which are arranged vertically in turn, as well as the words "drum", "semi-drum" and "Xue drum". Experts speculate that these are the terms related to performance, and professionals can also simulate the powerful beat from them.

  In Guan Zi Di Yuan Pian written in the Spring and Autumn Period, a mathematical method for calculating the chord length ratio of each tone in pentatonic scale is recorded, which is called "three-point gain and loss method" in history, and the names of pentatonic scale "Gong, Shang, Jiao, Zheng and Yu" in China are completely described. As to where these five names came from, there are different opinions. Some say that they correspond to the stars, some say that they are derived from five animals, and some say that they are totems of ancient clans. All kinds of opinions paint a mysterious color on music and express the different musical concepts of China ancestors. Up to today, little is known about "Gong Shang Shu", but the five tones of "Gong Shang, Jiao, Zheng and Yu" are quite well-known. For example, in the theme song "Long Wen" of Happy Dictionary of CCTV, there is a lyric that "Gong Shang Jiao Zheng Yu, Qin Qi calligraphy and painting sing, peacocks fly southeast, and weaver girls will be cowherd &hellip. …” This song has been sung by stars many times, and it has also been on the Spring Festival Evening in 2010, which became a hit overnight.

  Compared with the western staff and notation, China’s classical music score does not form the accurate quantification of pitch and rhythm and the transcoding of digital symbols, but only the outline record of the basic pitch and rhythm of traditional music or aria, which gives the performers and singers much more freedom and uncertainty in creation than the western music score, so it is also called "frame score".

  The staff was introduced into China in the mid-17th century. There is a written record in Xieyun Duqu, a sequel to Lv Zheng Yi written by Emperor Kangxi in 1713, which published in detail the knowledge of western music theory such as staff, scales, roll names, etc. Although the staff at that time was only in its primary form and its symbols were very different from today’s, it was spread through this printed book.

  The staff, which has just entered the country, is only used to record and spread the classic songs and hymns that praise God sung in the Catholic church. It was not until the end of the 19th century that it was gradually accepted and used by Chinese people. In 1930, Mei Lanfang’s operas were recorded by musician Liu Tianhua for the first time, and Mei Lanfang’s Songs was published, which is also the first "cross-border" album in China to record traditional opera music with staff.

  4. The notation has been carried forward in China.

  There are two kinds of musical notation: numbers and letters. The most common musical notation is numbers, and its embryonic form first appeared in Europe in the 16th century. At that time, a French Catholic priest named Suaiti wrote music songs with seven sounds, namely 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, and compiled a pamphlet "New Methods of Learning plainsong and Music". In the mid-18th century, Rousseau, a famous French thinker who was famous for his book Confessions, also read the Proposal for New Musical Symbols to the Paris Academy of Sciences, and mentioned the "digital notation". Later, a group of social elites improved and popularized it, and finally formed the notation, which was also called "Galpa-Xie notation" in the west.

  This notation was introduced to Japan in 1882. In 1903, Zeng Zhimao, one of the earliest music theorists in the history of modern music in China, published the article "The General Idea of Music Theory" in a chinese magazine published in Tokyo, introducing the knowledge of western music theory, and published six songs such as "Training" and "Spring outing" in the form of comparison between notation and staff, which is the earliest record of Chinese people using notation at present.

  Shen Xingong, a modern music educator, was also one of the earliest disseminators of musical notation. His School Singing Collection was the first collection of musical notation written and published by China. Since then, notation has gradually spread to schools all over the country. In the 1930s, the mass singing movement of resisting Japan and saving the nation was widely carried out. At that time, famous pop songs, such as March of the Volunteers of Nie Er and The Yellow River Cantata of Xian Xinghai, were written by notation. With the widespread singing of these songs, notation gradually became popular among ordinary people in China.

  The notation of musical notation is the closest to the popular Gong-Chi notation in China, and it is simpler and more accurate to record the height of notes by musical notation. Therefore, musical notation has developed rapidly in China, and some experts even think that China is the country that absorbs and uses musical notation the best and develops it the most in the world. Especially in the field of folk music, notation fits the characteristics of Chinese folk music, because notation records only the general framework of melody, and more needs face-to-face communication between teachers and students; On the playing method of musical instruments, Chinese folk music has many special expressive force symbols, and the use of notation is clear and clear. If staff is used, it will become complicated. These are the important reasons why notation is highly praised by Chinese folk music.

  Of course, this is just a matter of habit. With the blending of modern Chinese and western cultures, more and more folk music also adopts the notation of line notation. In fact, in the field of folk music, there are still many places where staff can be used, and that is the ensemble moment. When all kinds of musical instruments play the same piece of music according to different parts, the powerful function of the staff is revealed, which is unmatched by the notation.

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  No one can replace the staff or the simple staff.

  Jacky Cheung, a Hong Kong singer who is known as the "God of Songs" in the Chinese music scene, once bluntly said that he did not know the staff, but only knew the simple music. Nowadays, at the scene of some music variety shows, some judges are repeatedly criticized by netizens because they can’t understand the staff. So, is the staff really more "advanced" than the notation?

  Experts pointed out that in the history of music development, people have created various different notations according to their own needs, and different musical instruments, regions and traditional cultures may produce very different notations. Such as guqin, using guqin notation; Traditional Chinese opera uses the notation of gongs and drums. There is also the traditional notation of Gongchi notation in our country, but now there are the most familiar notation, staff notation and so on. We can’t simply say which notation is the best, but which method is relatively scientific. Through accurate notes and various dynamic symbols and emoticons, we can try our best to return the expression intention of the original composer.

  Objectively speaking, staff notation and simple notation both play an important role in the field of Chinese music culture. They complement each other and have irreplaceable functions, but their users are different.

  Notation is simple and clear. Even now, many popular music still uses notation. Compared with other notation, staff has irreplaceable advantages. It records the level of music by the position of the Fu Tou of the note on five parallel horizontal lines, and indicates the length of the note by the different shapes of the note, which can not only visually indicate the pitch of the musical sound, but also accommodate the music information in a large amount, especially in recording and writing large-scale ensemble music with wide range, numerous parts and frequent tone sandhi. Therefore, since the 18th century, the staff has become the main position of music notation, and it has been widely used in the field of professional music in the world today.

  Nowadays, pianos have entered more and more families. In piano teaching, the notation of staff is widely used all over the world, and only the staff can fully express the music score. At the same time, the performance and singing of various music groups, the teaching of music colleges and the learning of piano children all played a very important role in the spread of staff.

  Do you know

  Can’t clap between concerts?

  At the end of the year, many concerts were held together. Watching a concert is different from watching a movie. There are many unwritten rules, such as not applauding between the movements of a symphony, waiting for a complete track to enter the venue when you are late, and so on. Where did these rules come from that the enthusiastic audience couldn’t understand?

  There was a controversy about whether there was applause between movements. Before the end of 19th century, clapping between movements was "not a thing". Mozart gets excited when he hears the applause of the audience when he plays. Once, in a letter to his father, he mentioned, "There is a passage in the middle of Allegro in the first movement, which I know the audience will like very much … … Sure enough, the audience were all in ecstasy and the applause was very warm. I expected this long ago. When I wrote this paragraph, I knew it would be very effective. At the end of the movement, this piece of music appeared again, and sure enough, the audience shouted again and asked to repeat it … …” Repeated applause made Mozart very happy. After the symphony, he even went to the Royal Garden to buy ice cream to reward himself.

  Until the end of 19th century, there were professional cheering people in European opera houses. The function of these "masters" was to cheer in some boring opera performances. Perhaps this move is not flattering. From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, most audiences accepted the etiquette agreement of not clapping between movements. Moreover, it has been recognized by some composers. For example, in Mourning for the Dead, Mahler even pointed out that there should be no applause in the middle of the movement.

  In addition, there is an important etiquette for listening to the concert, that is, you can’t be late. If you are late for some reason, you must wait for the guidance of the theater staff and wait for a complete track (not a movement) before you can enter. In fact, being late was not condemned as early as the mid-19th century, because early concerts belonged to small gatherings in aristocratic circles, and being late and leaving early was commonplace. By the end of the 19th century, after Mahler was in charge of vienna state opera, he resolutely implemented the rule that late spectators were not allowed to enter the venue, even if the royal family members were late, which became a etiquette until now.

  There is such a saying

  The New Year concert originated from the old Strauss.

  The New Year is a common festival for people all over the world. There are many ways for people to celebrate the New Year, but holding a high-level concert is a program in major cities all over the world, welcoming the beginning of the new year with relaxed and wonderful music.

  The tradition of holding concerts in the New Year originated in Vienna. On December 31st, 1847, Johann Strauss I, the founder of the Strauss music family, held an open-air concert in the suburb of Vienna. The repertoire included symphonies, waltzes and polkas, which were warmly welcomed by the audience, so that the concert didn’t end until dawn the next day. This is the origin of the Vienna New Year Concert.

  Today, the annual New Year Concert held in Vienna Golden Hall is still the most eye-catching annual music event in the world. Most TV stations and radio stations around the world broadcast live, with tens of millions of listeners. Inspired by this tradition, many countries or cities in the world have also held New Year concerts to celebrate the arrival of the New Year.

  the whole wide world

  Austrian composer’s manuscript sells at sky-high price

  The original manuscript of the score of Austrian composer gustav mahler’s Second Symphony was sold for 4.5 million pounds at an auction held in London, England recently. The 232-page score set a new record for the auction of the score.

  The music seller is the family of Gilbert Kaplan, an American economist and businessman who died two years ago. There is an amazing story behind the score. According to the Daily Mail, Kaplan was fascinated by this symphony, also known as Resurrection, after listening to it at Carnegie Hall in new york in 1965. Never having studied conducting, he is determined to conduct the best orchestra in the world to perform this piece of music one day and put his determination into action.

  Kaplan once described the feeling of listening to Resurrection as follows: "When I entered the concert hall, I was alone, but when I came out, I felt like I was struck by lightning." In the next 17 years, Kaplan traveled all over the world to listen to the performance of this symphony, and discussed his experience with professionals including conductors whenever he had the opportunity. In 1982, he finally stepped onto the stage of Lincoln Center in new york and realized his wish under the witness of many celebrities.

  Photo courtesy of this edition/vision china

What is the "mobile patrol" for the party group of the General Administration of Sports in view of football corruption?

  On the evening of March 27th, Xinhua News Agency announced the targets of the first round of inspections of the 20th Central Committee. With the approval of the CPC Central Committee, the first round of inspections of the 20th Central Committee will conduct regular inspections of 30 party groups of medium-sized enterprises, "look back" inspections of party groups of five medium-sized financial enterprises, and conduct mobile inspections of party groups of the State Sports General Administration.

  On March 27th, The Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) of the Communist Party of China and Li Xi, leader of the Central Inspection Work Leading Group, attended the national inspection work conference and the first round of patrol mobilization deployment meeting of the 20th Central Committee and delivered a speech.

  Li Xi stressed that to carry out the mobile patrol of the State Sports General Administration, we should focus on fulfilling the party’s leadership functions and responsibilities, implementing the major decision-making arrangements for building a sports power, and thoroughly find out and promote the solution of corruption and deep-seated institutional mechanisms in the sports field, especially in the football field, so as to provide a strong guarantee for building a sports power.

  So what is a mobile patrol?

  The Paper reporter noted that in fact, as early as June 2017, CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection website had published an article introducing what a "mobile" patrol was. "Three words and nine words", talking about "mobile" inspections, the comrades of the Central Inspection Team came straight to the point and were concise.

  These "three words and nine words" are "small team", "short and fast" and "swimming whistle"

  “小队伍”指的是每个机动小组5至6人,每个人都是有效“火力点”。“短平快”指的是高效精准突破,直接冲着重点专项问题去。“游动哨”指的是哪里问题反映突出就去哪里,出其不意、攻其不备。

  从李希的讲话来看,这次对国家体育总局党组开展机动巡视直接就是冲着“深入查找、推动解决体育领域特别是足球领域腐败问题和深层次体制机制问题”去的,目标明确。

  那么“机动式”巡视, 中央巡视组用了哪些“招儿”?

  中纪委网站介绍,深入开展“机动式”巡视,有效发挥“机动式”巡视政治“显微镜”、政治“探照灯”作用,中央巡视组亮出三个“招儿”。招式一:抓住关键有的放矢,避免剑走偏锋;招式二:盯住要害机动灵活,不搞面面俱到;招式三:创新方式窥斑见豹,当好“守更人”。

  中纪委文章介绍,“机动式”巡视的巡视组进驻后,盯住单位“关键”部门,精准出击、精准发力。在召开动员会的同时,组织力量深入被巡视单位综合、党务、业务等部门,调取有关资料。从阅看资料入手,了解领导班子结合本单位实际,落实中央重大决策部署和习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神的情况,快速梳理,快速固化,从中发现贯彻落实不够坚决、不够到位的有关问题线索。

  During the inspection, grasp the "key" issues and make a precise breakthrough. Combined with the historical, cultural and institutional characteristics of the inspected unit, the inspection team grasped the key issues related to the performance of the core functions of the inspected unit, deeply understood the situation, found political deviations, achieved accurate breakthroughs, and identified specific problems that were not firm enough and not in place.

  Judging from Li Xi’s speech, the mobile patrol of the State Sports General Administration is to provide a strong guarantee for building a sports power.

  In addition, the "mobile" patrol is to keep an eye on the key points and be flexible.

  Keep an eye on key personnel, have a positive conversation and get to the point. Concentrate time to conduct patrol talks with key positions with relatively concentrated power, adhere to the problem orientation, clearly put forward requirements, and ask them to objectively provide the inspection team with the problems existing in the exercise of power in their own units, departments and positions, and learn some important situations and clues.

  Keep an eye on the key departments and get a deeper understanding of the situation. During the face-to-face talk, listen to the report on the exercise of power by the key work departments of the inspected units, clearly request to strengthen the awareness of problems in the report, measure the work of the departments with high standards, and check the outstanding problems and weak links in the exercise of power by the departments. On this basis, the inspection team sorted out the situation in time, studied and analyzed, and found out the outstanding problems and specific manifestations of improper use of power.

[See you at 8: 00] In 2018, I paid 16 billion yuan for migrant workers.

  At 8 o’clock every day, CCTV will sort out the big and small things that happened around us within 24 hours.

  [Concern of the two sessions]

  He Lifeng, Director of the National Development and Reform Commission, talks about "56789" of China’s private economy.

11 

  On March 6th, He Lifeng He Lifeng, director of the National Development and Reform Commission, quoted "56789" (pronounced as 56789) to describe the position and role of private economy in China’s economic development. That is, the private economy has contributed 50% of the tax revenue, 60% of GDP, 70% of technological innovation, 80% of urban employment and 90% of enterprises in China. He Lifeng said that these figures show from one side that the position and role of private economy in China’s economic development is very prominent. 

  Ning Ji Zhe, Deputy Director of the National Development and Reform Commission: The "Belt and Road" has turned to the stage of "meticulous painting"

one

  On March 6, Ning Ji Zhe, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said in response to a reporter’s question that at present and in the future, the construction of the Belt and Road is changing from the stage of "freehand brushwork" in the layout of articles to the stage of "meticulous painting" in intensive cultivation. We should adhere to the principles of "three communities" and "five links", follow the market orientation and international practices, give play to the guiding role of enterprises and the government, and promote the joint construction of "one"

  Lian Weiliang, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission: In 2018, he paid 16 billion yuan for migrant workers.

one

  On March 6, Lian Weiliang, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said in response to a reporter’s question that since last year, 3.59 million people who had been executed for breaking their promises, that is, "Lao Lai", were afraid of joint punishment and fulfilled their repayment obligations. The amount of execution of various cases exceeded 4.4 trillion yuan, 10 billion yuan of tax arrears were cleared, and 16 billion yuan was paid for migrant workers in 2018, and the number of cases of wage arrears for migrant workers dropped by more than 40%.

  Zhou Hongyi: As long as the system is written by people, there will be loopholes and loopholes will be exploited.

one

  The second session of the 13th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference held a press conference on the afternoon of March 6th. When Zhou Hongyi, a member of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, answered a reporter’s question, he said that if the security problem was not solved, the digital industry would be devastated. Those who were not connected to the internet in the past are connected to the internet, and those who could not be controlled in the past are controlled. As long as the system written by people has loopholes, if there are loopholes, it will be exploited and attacked by people. Once problems occur, the more advanced the system, the more problems it will bring.

  [domestic]

  Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China: Cancellation of rapeseed import qualification of processing enterprises according to law.

Freeland, Canadian Foreign Minister, recently said that it is worrying that the General Administration of Customs of China cancelled the qualification of a Canadian enterprise to export rapeseed to China, and he did not believe that there was any scientific basis. In response, China's Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said at a regular press conference on the 6th that the decision made by China was completely reasonable, reasonable and legal in order to protect the health and safety of the people.

  Freeland, Canadian Foreign Minister, recently said that it is worrying that the General Administration of Customs of China cancelled the qualification of a Canadian enterprise to export rapeseed to China, and he did not believe that there was any scientific basis. In response, China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said at a regular press conference on the 6th that the decision made by China was completely reasonable, reasonable and legal in order to protect the health and safety of the people.

  76 projects in Zhangjiakou Division of Beijing Winter Olympics will be completed by the end of August next year.

  According to the Zhangjiakou Municipal Government, 76 venues and infrastructure projects in Zhangjiakou Division of Beijing Winter Olympics will be completed by the end of August next year. In addition, the main lines of Beijing-Zhangjiakou high-speed railway and Yanchong high-speed railway will be completed and opened to traffic this year.

  The number of motor vehicles in Beijing will be controlled at 6.2 million in 2019.

It is understood that according to the deployment of Beijing's traffic work in 2019, the number of motor vehicles in the city will be controlled at around 6.2 million this year, the total mileage of rail operation will reach 699.3 kilometers, and the proportion of green travel in the central city will reach 74%. In order to speed up the interconnection of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei road network and strengthen the internal and external traffic links of urban sub-centers. This year, six projects will be built in Beijing, including Yanchong Expressway (Beijing section), New Airport Expressway and New Airport North Line Expressway (middle section). Construction of G109 new line expressway and four hub stations, including Universal Studios North Hub and Wenlv District West Bus Center Station, was started.

  It is understood that according to the deployment of Beijing’s traffic work in 2019, the number of motor vehicles in the city will be controlled at around 6.2 million this year, the total mileage of rail operation will reach 699.3 kilometers, and the proportion of green travel in the central city will reach 74%. In order to speed up the interconnection of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei road network and strengthen the internal and external traffic links of urban sub-centers. This year, six projects will be built in Beijing, including Yanchong Expressway (Beijing section), New Airport Expressway and New Airport North Line Expressway (middle section). Construction of G109 new line expressway and four hub stations, including Universal Studios North Hub and Wenlv District West Bus Center Station, was started.

  Hainan will completely ban the sale of fuel vehicles from 2030, giving a timetable for "total ban" 

  At the press conference held on the 6th, the Hainan Provincial Government officially released the Development Plan of Clean Energy Vehicles in Hainan Province, which stated that "the sale of fuel vehicles will be completely banned in Hainan from 2030". As a result, Hainan province became the first province in China to ban the sale of fuel vehicles, and gave a specific timetable.

  Comrade Mao Zhiyong passed away

The Communist Party of China (CPC)'s outstanding party member, a loyal communist fighter, an outstanding leader in China's agricultural and economic construction front, and Comrade Mao Zhiyong, vice chairman of the Ninth National Committee of the China People's Political Consultative Conference, died in Hunan at 14: 10 on March 4, 2019 at the age of 90.

  The Communist Party of China (CPC)’s outstanding party member, a loyal communist fighter, an outstanding leader in China’s agricultural and economic construction front, and Comrade Mao Zhiyong, vice chairman of the Ninth National Committee of the China People’s Political Consultative Conference, died in Hunan at 14: 10 on March 4, 2019 at the age of 90.

  [international]

  Former South Korean President Lee Myung-bak was released on bail.

one

  According to Korean media reports, former South Korean President Lee Myung-bak was released on bail on the 6th. The court put forward bail conditions, requiring Lee Myung-bak to stay in his own residence; You can only contact immediate family members and lawyers, and you are not allowed to meet the rest of the staff, and you are restricted from going out; Only with the permission of the court can you go out to the hospital for treatment.

  Hillary confirmed that she will not participate in the 2020 general election Trump: What a pity!

one

  According to Russian media reports, recently, former US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that she would not participate in the 2020 general election. In this regard, Trump expressed regret and said that he would miss Hillary Clinton very much in the 2020 presidential election.

  Suicide bomb attacks on a construction company in Afghanistan have killed 21 people.

one

  A number of suicide bombings occurred in a private construction company near Jalalabad city airport in eastern Afghanistan, killing 21 people, including the attackers. According to official information, 16 employees of the construction company were killed and 9 others were injured in the attack. Security personnel are still cleaning up the area to eliminate the hidden dangers of explosives.

   "London patient" is expected to become the second person to cure AIDS.

AIDS is a malignant infectious disease caused by HIV. Viruses invade the human body and destroy the immune system. Infected people gradually lose their resistance to various diseases until they die. In the face of such a malignant disease, the medical community has recently received good news. A patient treated in London, England, is expected to become the second AIDS patient successfully cured in the world after the Berlin patient.

  AIDS is a malignant infectious disease caused by HIV. Viruses invade the human body and destroy the immune system. Infected people gradually lose their resistance to various diseases until they die. In the face of such a malignant disease, the medical community has recently received good news. A patient treated in London, England, is expected to become the second AIDS patient successfully cured in the world after the Berlin patient.

  Society

  Is it really uncomfortable for a "hardcore" doctor to make a gastroscope for himself?

Sitting alone in the operating room, my right hand is manipulating the gastroscope tube inserted into my throat, and my eyes are fixed on the screen, calmly observing my stomach environment … … These days, Jin Chengfeng, a gastroenterologist in the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, became popular on the Internet. Jin Chengfeng said that he did this to feel whether gastrointestinal endoscopy was really so uncomfortable, and he was also flustered when it was his turn to do gastroscopy. Yunnan Dulongjiang Border Police: Haircutting is an essential skill for us.

  Sitting alone in the operating room, my right hand is manipulating the gastroscope tube inserted into my throat, and my eyes are fixed on the screen, calmly observing my stomach environment … … These days, Jin Chengfeng, a gastroenterologist in the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, became popular on the Internet. Jin Chengfeng said that he did this to feel whether gastrointestinal endoscopy was really so uncomfortable, and he was also flustered when it was his turn to do gastroscopy.

  Yunnan Dulongjiang Border Police: Haircutting is an essential skill for us.

Recently, the police at the Dulongjiang Border Police Station in Gongshan County, Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, brought haircutting tools to give haircuts for the people. Li Xiaojun, director of the Dulongjiang Border Police Station, said that there is such an unwritten rule that the first job that police officers newly transferred to Dulongjiang Border Police Station need to learn is to get a haircut.

  Recently, the police at the Dulongjiang Border Police Station in Gongshan County, Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, brought haircutting tools to give haircuts for the people. Li Xiaojun, director of the Dulongjiang Border Police Station, said that there is such an unwritten rule that the first job that police officers newly transferred to Dulongjiang Border Police Station need to learn is to get a haircut.

  14-year-old boy sells paintings on the street to save cancer Aunt: My "mother" is my aunt.

one

  There have always been admirable teenagers in China. In ancient times, Ti Ying saved his father, but today, he has saved his aunt by thinking of sweat. He Sihan is 14 years old. I don’t know if he has learned the story of Ti Ying saving his father, but his actions are enough to make many adults feel sorry for themselves. It is estimated that my aunt He Jianhua didn’t expect that she thought it was a small "drag bottle" and later became the engine she hoped to live.

  [Sports]

  At the age of 26, Ning Zetao announced his farewell to the swimming pool and started his new life.

one

  On March 6th, swimmer Ning Zetao announced his farewell to the swimming pool in his Weibo, and today is his 26th birthday. In 2015, in the men’s 100m freestyle final of the 16th Kazan World Swimming Championships, Ning Zetao won the championship in 47.84 seconds and won the first gold medal in the World Championships, creating the history of Asian swimming.

  [Entertainment]

  The Wandering Earth box office exceeded 4.5 billion yuan.

one

  The Wandering Earth, which has been released for one month, has earned a cumulative box office income (including service fees) of 4,541.6 million yuan! According to industry insiders, the state clearly supports the development of the film industry, and this year’s film market still has a "good show."

  [face]

  [Li Shishi] A famous Korean chess player: I am considering retiring or taking a long break.

  Li Shishi, a famous Korean chess player, said that he was considering retiring or taking a long break. This year may be the last year of his professional career. "It has been too long since I learned chess and became a professional chess player. I am considering retiring or taking a long break. This year may be the last year of my career as a professional chess player." Li Shishi said.

  [Cai Hongxia] Do you like this "occupational disease" with a slow voice and a big smile?

one

  He was awarded the first-class merit twice, was named as a model nurse of the whole army, won the honor of "Top Ten Most Beautiful Doctors" in China, and the highest honor medal of international nursing "Nightingale Award", and was re-elected as a deputy to the National People’s Congress for two times. All these lights are earned by her understanding, tolerance and hard work over the past 37 years.

  [Yang Naisi] The death of a famous linguist once made Juexue shine again.

The Institute of Linguistics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences published an obituary on the 6th. Mr. members of the Communist Party of China (CPC), a famous linguist and researcher of the Institute of Linguistics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, died in Beijing Hospital at 21: 00 on March 5, 2019 at the age of 92. His efforts have made the study of Basiba characters, which has almost become a unique school, shine again and have had an important influence in the field of Chinese phonology.

  The Institute of Linguistics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences published an obituary on the 6th. Mr. members of the Communist Party of China (CPC), a famous linguist and researcher of the Institute of Linguistics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, died in Beijing Hospital at 21: 00 on March 5, 2019 at the age of 92. His efforts have made the study of Basiba characters, which has almost become a unique school, shine again and have had an important influence in the field of Chinese phonology.

  See you at 8 o’clock tomorrow!

  Editor: Zhu Xinyu Xiao Xiao Dai Mengmeng

Can new energy vehicles run fast without subsidies?

  Recently, the largest public centralized charging station in Henan Province — — "United Fast Charging" was put into operation in Zhengzhou, and all charging piles were charged with high-power DC fast charging, which can meet the requirements of charging more than 100 new energy vehicles at the same time. The picture shows the driver preparing to charge the new energy vehicle. Photo by Zhang Tao (Zhongjing Vision)

  After the subsidy retreat, domestic new energy vehicles will not only face competition with traditional fuel vehicles, but also compete with foreign new energy vehicle brands. Impressing consumers with suitable and high-quality products may be the most effective means for new energy vehicle manufacturers to resolve market risks. The core of competition among new energy automobile manufacturers is the competition of product technology and service.

  With the end of the first half of 2019, new energy vehicles have truly entered the post-subsidy era.

  Chen Shihua, Assistant Secretary-General of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, said that the current new energy vehicle market is still a market stimulated by policies, and with the support of national and local policies, it is in a rapid rising cycle. The decline of this subsidy is expected to have little long-term impact on the industry, and the previous prediction of the annual production and sales of 1.6 million new energy vehicles in 2019 will remain unchanged.

  After waiting and seeing, the price increase is inevitable.

  June 25th is the last day of the switching period between the subsidy policy for new energy vehicles in 2018 and the subsidy policy for new energy vehicles in 2019. Since June 26th, consumers have enjoyed the most subsidies or reduced them by 58%.

  "The withdrawal of subsidies mainly takes into account that the development of the new energy automobile industry has begun to take shape." Zhou Yi, assistant researcher of the Ministry of Industry of the State Council Development Research Center, said. Before 2014, the output of new energy vehicles was very small, less than 20,000. In 2014, the output jumped to 78,000. In 2018, the sales of new energy vehicles in China reached 1.256 million, accounting for more than half of the world’s total, with remarkable achievements.

  In fact, the rapid growth of new energy vehicles in China in the past is inseparable from subsidies. According to the "Announcement on the Preliminary Review of Subsidies for the Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles in 2016 and Previous Years" published on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in March this year, nearly 12.6 billion yuan of subsidies will be distributed to nearly 100 enterprises, of which BYD will become the biggest beneficiary with 2.689 billion yuan, and Geely will rank second with 1.111 billion yuan.

  With the subsidy for new energy vehicles declining year by year, independent car companies will naturally be affected to varying degrees, especially whether the price of new energy vehicles will increase, which has become the focus of consumers’ attention.

  The reporter recently visited some 4S stores in Beijing, such as Chery, BYD and GAC New Energy, and has not seen a clear price increase notice. They are all selling cars at the subsidy standard of 2018.

  Chen Shihua said, "At present, the profit rate of new energy vehicles is very low, and it is difficult for car companies themselves to bear the reduction of subsidies." "After the subsidy has dropped, the cost of car companies has increased substantially. If consumers do not accept the price increase, it will be difficult for market demand to start effectively." Cui Dongshu, Secretary-General of the National Passenger Car Market Information Association, said that the subsidy for new energy vehicles is much lower than the cost reduction of car companies, and the profit pressure of new energy car companies is greater. Car companies should not only cover manufacturing costs, but also consider the capital cost of subsidies that are not in place, so they will definitely raise prices.

  Competition will be more intense.

  "In recent years, in addition to the increase in quantity, the quality of new energy vehicles and the development of industrial chain have also been greatly improved." Zhou Yi said.

  From the quality point of view, the battery life is generally on the rise. A-class electric vehicles with a standard cruising range of more than 400 kilometers have become the mainstream, and the intelligent interconnection is also developing continuously. The level of automatic driving test is getting higher and higher, and the localization replacement rate and globalization level of parts and components are also constantly improving. From the industrial chain point of view, the upstream and downstream industrial chains of new energy vehicles are more complete, and a number of excellent enterprises have emerged in the fields of power batteries, non-battery accessories and other parts, complete vehicles such as independent brands and new Internet forces, and manufacturing and operation of charging piles.

  And the fast-growing new energy automobile industry will be affected after stepping on the "brake" of subsidy retreat?

  "The challenge is that the competition will be more intense in the future." Zhou Yi said that after the withdrawal of subsidies, domestic new energy vehicles not only face competition with traditional fuel vehicles, but also with foreign new energy vehicle brands, and there is fierce competition within domestic new energy vehicles.

  Lu Fuyong, a lecturer in industrial economy and national economy in university of international business and economics, has been paying attention to the development of new energy automobile industry in recent years. He told reporters that in the era of subsidies for new energy vehicles, there are four aspects of market risks: First, the competition in the overall market will be further intensified, and the subsidy policy will make the competition more intense, and the industry will gradually move toward the survival of the fittest. In this process, traditional car companies still have certain competitive advantages. Second, the real demand of consumers will gradually become clear. In the past, due to the support of policies, the market has always overestimated the real demand of consumers, and it is very likely that the market demand will fall back in the short term. The third is the risk of capital. In recent years, the new forces of car-making have risen rapidly with the help of capital. As the sales of new energy vehicles move from hot to stable, there is uncertainty whether these capitals will still be active in the industry. The fourth is the technical service risk.

  Lu Fuyong believes that how to grasp the real needs of consumers in the post-subsidy era and impress consumers with suitable and high-quality products may be the most effective means for new energy vehicle manufacturers to resolve market risks. "In the future, the competition of new energy automobile manufacturers will gradually shift to the comprehensive value competition of products, and the core is the competition of product technology and service."

  Lu Fuyong said that with the growth of new energy vehicles and the extension of service life, traffic and safety accidents related to new energy vehicles will further increase, and the short service life of new technologies will increase product risks; At the same time, new energy vehicles recalled due to product quality problems are also accumulating. The core to solve these problems is still to improve product quality and technical services, which is also the main difficulty faced by new energy vehicle manufacturers.

  Intelligentization will become the commanding height.

  "In 2019, China’s automobile market will still run at a low speed, but new energy vehicles will continue to grow. New energy automobile products should be customized in design, intelligent in function and platformized in development. " Shi Jianhua, Deputy Secretary-General of China Automobile Industry Association, said that with the rapid advancement of scientific and technological revolution, the new generation of information technologies such as 5G, cloud computing and artificial intelligence are deeply integrated with automobile transportation and other fields, which constantly promotes the formation of multi-dimensional information interaction networks between cars, roads, people and clouds, and people’s production and lifestyle are undergoing profound changes. Smart cars have become the commanding heights of the future development of the automobile industry.

  Shi Jianhua believes that in the future, the automobile industry should take green and intelligence as the development direction, and will focus on breaking through the key components of fuel cell technology and related industrial chains, advance the research and development and industrial application of intelligent driving technology, enhance the green and intelligent level of the industry, and accelerate the development of new energy and intelligent networked vehicles.

  Zhou Yi said that at present, there is a trend of "interconnection, autonomous driving, sharing and electrification" in the global automobile industry, and the networking of vehicles, autonomous driving and electric vehicles are closely related, and with the rise and application of 5G technology, it is expected that the application scenarios of electric vehicles under 5G will be more abundant in the future. In this context, the new energy vehicle market will be polarized in the future, and a few car companies will stand out because of their technical and cost advantages.

  "Whether new technologies and new industrial formats such as autonomous driving, car networking, intelligent transportation and driverless taxis can be commercialized on a large scale depends entirely on many factors such as cost, technology maturity and consumer acceptance." Zhou Yi said, but what is certain is that China has taken the lead in international exploration in these fields due to its huge market scale and abundant capital market, and it is expected to lead the global development in the future. (Economic Daily China Economic Net reporter Liu Wei)

The United Nations Security Council held its first meeting on artificial intelligence, and China put forward five principles of governance.

  UN Security Council Secretary-General Guterres called for the establishment of a global regulatory body to supervise artificial intelligence, in much the same way as other institutions supervise aviation, climate and nuclear energy. The proposed institution is composed of artificial intelligence experts, sharing their expertise with government and administrative agencies that may lack relevant technical knowledge.

  Zhang Jun, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, pointed out that in order to seek technological hegemony and build exclusive circles, some developed countries maliciously obstruct the technological development of other countries with various excuses and actions and artificially create technological barriers, which China resolutely opposes.

  On July 18th, local time, the UN Security Council held a high-level public meeting with the theme of "Opportunities and risks brought by artificial intelligence to international peace and security". Antonio guterres, Secretary-General of the Security Council, called for the establishment of a global regulatory body to supervise this new technology.

  This is the first time that the Security Council has held a meeting on artificial intelligence. Zhang Jun, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, put forward five principles on the governance of artificial intelligence: first, adhere to ethics first; second, adhere to safety and controllability; third, adhere to fairness and inclusiveness; fourth, adhere to openness and tolerance; and fifth, adhere to peaceful use.

  It is still far from reaching a legally binding resolution.

  On the same day, Guterres, Jack Clark, co-founder of Anthropic, an artificial intelligence startup, and Ceng Yi, a researcher at the Institute of Automation, China Academy of Sciences, gave a briefing.

  Guterres warned that artificial intelligence is playing a role in many fields, but it may also be used by malicious people, including using it for terrorism, inciting hatred and violence. He welcomed the call for the establishment of a new UN agency, saying it would help to maximize the role of artificial intelligence and better manage risks. He said that the artificial intelligence regulatory agency of the United Nations should standardize, supervise and enforce the rules of artificial intelligence, and the supervision method is roughly the same as that of other institutions in supervising aviation, climate and nuclear energy.

  At the meeting, diplomats and leading experts in the field of artificial intelligence explained to the Security Council the risks and threats of artificial intelligence technology, as well as its scientific and social benefits. They said that although the development speed of this technology is accelerating, there are still many unknowns. "It’s like making an engine without understanding the combustion principle." Clark said that private companies should not be the only creators and regulators of artificial intelligence.

  The body proposed by the Security Council is composed of experts in the field of artificial intelligence, who will share their expertise with government and administrative agencies that may lack technical knowledge to solve the threat of artificial intelligence.

  At present, it is still far from reaching a legally binding resolution on governance. However, most diplomats support the formulation of global governance mechanisms and international rules.

  James Cleverly, the British Foreign Secretary who presided over the meeting, said: "No country is immune from artificial intelligence, so we must involve the broadest alliance of international actors from all fields." Britain holds the rotating presidency of the Security Council this month.

  China: Oppose the use of artificial intelligence to seek military hegemony.

  Zhang Jun pointed out in his speech that artificial intelligence, as a "double-edged sword", is good or bad, good or evil, depending on how human beings use it, how to regulate it, and how to coordinate science, development and security. The international community should uphold the true spirit of multilateralism, conduct extensive dialogues, constantly build consensus, and explore the guiding principles for the governance of artificial intelligence. China supports the United Nations to play a central coordinating role in this regard, supports Secretary-General Guterres to convene in-depth discussions among all parties, and supports all countries, especially developing countries, to fully participate in and make contributions.

  Zhang Jun put forward five principles about artificial intelligence governance. First, adhere to ethics first. To ensure that artificial intelligence technology will always benefit mankind, we must take "people-oriented" and "intelligence for goodness" as the basic criteria to standardize the development direction of artificial intelligence and avoid this technology becoming a "runaway wild horse". On this basis, gradually establish and improve the artificial intelligence ethics, laws and regulations and policy system.

  The second is to adhere to safety and controllability. There are many uncertainties in the development and application of artificial intelligence related technologies, and safety is the bottom line that must be kept. The international community should strengthen risk awareness, establish an effective risk early warning and response mechanism, ensure that risks beyond human control do not occur, ensure that machines do not kill themselves, and ensure that humans have the ability to press the stop button at critical moments.

  Guterres said on the same day that the United Nations must reach a legally binding agreement before 2026 to ban the use of artificial intelligence in automated war weapons.

  The third is to adhere to fairness and inclusiveness. Zhang Jun said that developing countries’ equal access to and utilization of artificial intelligence technologies, products and services is essential to bridge the technological gap, digital gap and development gap between North and South. In order to seek hegemony in science and technology and build an exclusive circle, some developed countries maliciously obstruct the technological development of other countries with various excuses and actions and artificially create barriers to science and technology. China firmly opposes this.

  The fourth is to adhere to openness and tolerance. The development of science and technology should achieve a relative balance between promoting technological progress and ensuring safe application. The best way is to maintain open cooperation, encourage interdisciplinary, cross-disciplinary, cross-regional and cross-border exchanges and dialogues, oppose various forms of "small courtyard walls" and "decoupling and breaking chains", and create an open, inclusive, fair and non-discriminatory environment for scientific and technological development.

  The fifth is to adhere to peaceful use. It is necessary to focus on tapping the potential of artificial intelligence in promoting sustainable development, promoting cross-disciplinary integration and innovation, and better empowering global development. The Security Council can deeply study the application and influence of artificial intelligence in conflict situations and take measures to enrich the United Nations peace toolbox. All countries should uphold a responsible national defense policy and oppose the use of artificial intelligence to seek military hegemony and undermine the sovereignty and territorial integrity of other countries.

  Zhang Jun said that China adheres to the concept of the community of human destiny and has always participated in the global cooperation and governance of artificial intelligence with a highly responsible attitude, and has successively submitted two position papers on the military application and ethical governance of artificial intelligence on the UN platform. China is willing to work with the international community to actively implement global development initiatives, global security initiatives and global civilization initiatives in the field of artificial intelligence, adhere to development priorities, safeguard common security, promote cross-cultural exchanges and cooperation, join hands with countries to share artificial intelligence technological achievements, and jointly prevent and respond to risk challenges.

Thousands of people such as Musk signed an open letter, and the development of artificial intelligence endangered the "control of civilization"?

  BEIJING, March 30 (Xinhua)-The American drama westworld and the Hollywood movie Terminator have described that the "awakening" of artificial intelligence (AI) may endanger human beings. Recently, concerns in science fiction films have come into reality, and many "big brothers" in the artificial intelligence industry have suddenly called for suspending the development of more powerful AI systems, suggesting that AI systems with human-level intelligence may "pose potential risks to society and mankind".

  Where do their concerns come from? Will the development of artificial intelligence endanger the "civilization control" of human beings? Has the development of AI reached a turning point where the "pause button" needs to be pressed?

  An open letter, four questions about AI risk

  Recently, elon musk, an American billionaire, and Yoshua Bengio, a top expert in the field of artificial intelligence and winner of Turing Prize, signed an open letter calling for suspending the development of AI systems more powerful than GPT-4 for at least six months, calling it "a potential risk to society and mankind".

  An open letter calling for the suspension of giant AI training. Image source: "Future Life Institute" website

  The open letter published on the website of the Future of Life Institute, a non-profit organization, advocates that before developing a powerful AI system, it should be confirmed that the impact is positive and the risks are controllable.

  The letter details that the AI system with human intelligence may bring great risks to society and human beings, saying that "this point has been recognized by a lot of research and top AI laboratories" and throws four questions in succession:

  -Should we let machines flood our information channels with propaganda and lies?

  -Should we automate all the work, including those that are satisfactory?

  -Should we develop non-human thinking that may eventually surpass us in number, surpass us in intelligence and be able to eliminate and replace us?

  -Should we risk losing control of our civilization?

  The open letter pointed out that if such suspension cannot be implemented quickly, the government should step in and take measures. In addition, "AI Labs and independent experts should take advantage of this suspension to jointly develop and implement a set of shared security protocols for advanced AI design and development, and be strictly audited and supervised by independent external experts".

  The letter also called on developers and policy makers to cooperate to greatly accelerate the development of a powerful AI governance system. This should at least involve regulatory agencies, auditing and certification systems, monitoring and tracking high-performance AI systems, liability issues after artificial intelligence causes injuries, and providing public funds for AI technology security research.

  At the end of the open letter, it is mentioned that today, our society has suspended other technologies that may have disastrous effects, and the same should be true for artificial intelligence. "Let’s enjoy a long ‘ Summer of AI ’ Instead of entering autumn unprepared. "

  Technology, ethics and interests call for slowing down.

  It is not difficult to see from these contents that the supporters of the open letter are more concerned about the possible "barbaric growth" of artificial intelligence and the social and ethical problems that its development may bring.

  As mentioned in the open letter, this suspension does not mean suspending the development of artificial intelligence as a whole, but "taking a step back" from the dangerous competition. The research and development of artificial intelligence should re-focus on making today’s powerful and advanced systems more accurate, safe, interpretable, transparent, robust, consistent, credible and reliable.

  Gary Marcus, a professor at new york University, said, "This letter is not perfect, but the spirit is correct." He believes that people need to slow down until they can better understand the consequences of all this.

  At present, the open letter has been signed by thousands of people, including Emad Mostaque, CEO of open source artificial intelligence company Stability AI, DeepMind researcher of artificial intelligence company of Google’s parent company Alphabet, computer scientist Stuart Russell and other experts, scholars and technology company executives.

  The "Future Life Research Institute" that issued an open letter was mainly funded by the Musk Foundation and the Silicon Valley Community Foundation. Tesla CEO Musk is applying artificial intelligence to autonomous driving system, and he has been frankly expressing his concerns about artificial intelligence.

  Reuters also said that Europol recently expressed ethical and legal concerns about advanced artificial intelligence such as ChatGPT, warning that such systems may be abused for phishing, false information and cyber crimes. In addition, the British government also announced a proposal to establish an AI regulatory framework.

  On the Internet, this letter also caused heated discussion. Some netizens agreed that people need to know what happened. "Just because we know we can build it doesn’t mean we should build it."

  However, some people doubt Musk’s motivation. "Musk signed it because he wanted to use his artificial intelligence to make money."

  Others analyzed, "This is terrible, but I don’t think some projects need to stop. Technology is developing rapidly and responsible innovation is also necessary. "

  Thinking about the relationship between human beings and AI has never stopped since the birth of technology. The famous physicist Hawking once said, "The successful creation of artificial intelligence is probably the greatest event in the history of human civilization. But if we can’t learn how to avoid risks, then we will put ourselves in a desperate situation. "

  Nowadays, from passing the qualification examination to artistic "creation", AI can do more and more things and go further and further in the direction of "intelligence". At the same time, however, criminal acts such as using AI technology for online fraud and extortion and spreading illegal information are also emerging one after another.

  Different from the long cycle of the transformation of technological innovation achievements in the physical world, AI technological breakthroughs often spread around the world overnight through the Internet. These discussions and concerns are not superfluous until human beings fail to find a proper solution to AI ethics and supervision.