Inventory of mainstream film marketing companies (II): Dark Horse Taoxiu is backed by the platform, and it rises rapidly from four to four.

author/Adasi

# Huang Xuan quarrels with Yang Zishan #, # Guan Xiaotong’s father gives Amway white wine to foreign actors #, # Chaoneng’s family has no normal people # ……

When you open Tik Tok, you can always see hot search topics as short as those in parents’ homes. Clicking on them is actually a movie marketing clip. Unconsciously, the deep combination of traditional marketing and content has been immersed into our lives.

Last week, I gave you an inventory of some mainstream film marketing companies (portal "Inventory of Mainstream Film Marketing Companies (I)"). After several rounds of shuffling, some established marketing companies gradually withdrew from the market. At present, either the film and television companies have strong marketing teams, such as Light, Bona, Huayi, etc., or they are attached to capital and platforms. For example, Dark Horse Marketing won Ali’s investment, and immediately film and television was acquired by Confucianism and Italy Film and Television.

Not only the big waves wash sand, but also the fiery short video outlets make short video marketing companies stand on the forefront. A number of emerging companies, such as Beita Culture, Cycling, and Four Four Get Eight, appear in the film marketing team.

Road painting film and television:

Pay attention to the introduction of foreign films and cross-industry cooperation

A few years ago, because of participating in the promotion of Hollywood blockbusters such as Fast and Furious 8, Wolverine 3 and Transformers 5 in China, giving way to painting film and television has established a reputation in the field of film and television industry and brand marketing.

Foreign films help to promote, and the cross-industry cooperation between films and brands is the strong point of road painting film and television. In the early years, I participated in the co-production of Hollywood blockbusters, from the introduction of the Japanese film "Thieves Family" in 2018 to the Japanese niche fantasy love animation "Hello World" this year. The box office broke through 100 million, and there were all road paintings behind it.

The Spring Festival stalls contributed to the cross-border linkage between A Writer’s Odyssey and Audi, which is also a recent successful case of Road Painting.

Road painting film and television also entered the online movie this year, and was responsible for the exclusive announcement of the action film "The Sneak Action of Drug Hunting" at the end of October.

Like a duck to water:

Work closely with Bona

Rudushui Film & Television is a case marketing company established in 2014. From the projects handled by the company, it can be seen that Rudushui has a close relationship with Bona Film, the producer, whether in the early days of "Taking the Tiger Mountain Outward" or "operation mekong" or in Chinese Doctors and The Battle at Lake Changjin today.

Rong Chao, the company’s legal representative, used to be the planning director of Bona Film and the screenwriter of the movie "Wulin Monster". Therefore, most projects produced by Bona Film can always be seen by the marketing team like a duck to water, but the company is relatively low-key and there is not much public information to inquire about.

In addition to film marketing, such as a duck to water, he also participated in the production of the documentary film "Dragon and Tiger Warrior".

Micro entertainment:

Behind-the-scenes stars and their works in front of the service desk

In addition to Bona’s royal use, The Battle at Lake Changjin’s marketing team has another micro-entertainment company that has cooperated with Bona a lot.

Founded seven years ago, Micro Entertainment has done film marketing for dozens of films such as Chinese Doctors, The Rescue and The Captain’s Later Us and The Four Kings of Di Renjie.

Huang Yiping, the founder, used to be the propaganda director of Tsui Hark Company. Tsui Hark and Bona are deeply bound, so it is not unexpected that the micro-entertainment founded by Huang Yiping has received many Bona projects.

In addition, Micro Entertainment is also responsible for brokerage affairs, providing publicity services for head artists and directors in many fields such as film, television, music and fashion. We have cooperated with Tsui Hark, Rene Liu and Zhang zhen. It can be said that film marketing and celebrity marketing are the two core businesses of micro entertainment.

Small table movie:

Young new forces in film marketing

If you have seen Wrestling! Indian movies such as Dad, Mysterious Superstar and Starting Line, or Japanese film lovers such as Doraemon and Silver Soul, small table movies that are good at young marketing should not be missed.

Zhao Zhuoqun, the founder of Little Table Film, actually studied drama, film and television literature. After several years of hard work in the film and television industry, he made a name for himself in 2015 because he planned the marketing of "Doraemon: Walk with Me", and then he founded Little Table Film and officially cut into the film and television marketing market.

From the initial acceptance of niche projects such as Second Yuan and film criticism, to the present participation in the marketing promotion of popular films such as Seizing the Soul, Bath Buddy, White Snake 2 and Summer Future, Xiaotiao’s ability in creative new media marketing has become increasingly prominent, and the whole team is also very young.

It is worth noting that Xiaotiao Film was invested by Lianrui, a veteran distribution company, in its early days, and now it is backed by Matt Culture, a film and television marketing and production company. YueYang, vice president of Matt, is also one of Xiaotiao’s shareholders.

Dark horse marketing:

Backed by Alibaba Pictures, look at the explosive potential stocks

Dark horse marketing, founded by Du Hao and Andy in 2015, is really a "dark horse" in the film marketing industry:

From Wolf Warriors and detective chinatown series, to Shameful Iron Fist, Flying Life and Ip Man 4, dark horse marketing can be seen behind many explosive films.

In 2019, Dark Horse Marketing was invested by Alibaba Pictures, so most projects in Alibaba Pictures now involve Dark Horse, but it is not limited to this.

This year, Dark Horse Marketing took over many blockbusters such as I want us to be together in Detective Chinatown 3, A Writer’s Odyssey, 1921, Anger and Serious Case, Assassination Storm, etc. Last year, some projects of iQiyi Fog Theater and Youku Suspense Theater were also marketed by Dark Horse.

The names of the brands of Dark Horse are also very interesting, such as basic culture, unlimited imagination, decent culture, whale-like culture and so on. Among them, decent culture has developed well, and participated in the publicity of many projects such as Secret Visitors, First Furnace Incense and Everything About My Mom.

Potato chip culture:

Binding Chen Kexin, Securing High-quality Projects

I first learned about potato chip culture because of the brokerage business of this company: powerful actors such as Tan Zhuo, Ni Hongjie and Lv Xiaolin all cooperated with potato chip culture.

Zhao Jing, the founder of the company, is a senior media person, who once planned and compiled a series of works for director Jia Zhangke.

In 2015, Zhao Jing established potato chip culture, engaged in film and television production, film and television marketing, artist brokerage and other businesses, and participated in the promotion of many high-quality film and television projects such as "Home at One Point" and "Calm Down" in Leap, Better Days.

It can be seen that the company has a close relationship with Chen Kexin’s team. Zhao Jing is the shareholder of Fat Kids Film and Television, a producer in Better Days, and Jo Jo Hui, who has been cooperating with Chen Kexin and Ceng Guoxiang, is the supervisor of potato chip culture.

Collect media:

Focus on the whole case marketing team of film and television

Just four years after its establishment, Jishi Media has participated in the marketing of 50+ popular films such as Psychological Crime, Sewing Machine Band, the richest man in Xihong City, and the ringing of the phone, and its business also involves the promotion of drama series, such as Anjia, Full-time Master, Animal Management Bureau and Sand Sea.

This year, Detective Chinatown 3’s "Secret Visitor", "What Should I Do When My Second Brother Comes" and "Uninvited Visitor" also participated in the collection.

Zhang Weihua, the founder, used to be the general manager of Xiansheng Interactive. After the establishment of Jishi Media, he obtained strategic investment from Joy Pictures. In recent two years, Jishi also established some new companies, such as brand marketing, event operation company, toilet cool entertainment, and Shiguang Interactive.

Taoxiu light and shadow:

New Digital Marketing Backed by Platform

Among the film marketing companies, Taoxiu Light and Shadow is quite special. As a pan-entertainment content marketing MCN organization founded by Alibaba Pictures and Tianxiaxiu in 2018, short video+live broadcast are the two core business segments of Taoxiu Guangying.

Because it can incubate talents independently, Taoxiu Guangying’s film and television announcement does not depend on external delivery. At present, it has customized the layered short video marketing and delivery strategy for The Eight Hundred Leap’s film and television works such as First Furnace Incense and Big Red Packet.

Film marketing is only a part of Taoxiu’s light and shadow business, spanning entertainment content marketing, brand e-commerce live broadcast and other fields. With the creative planning ability of new media and talent matrix, Taoxiu Light and Shadow has become a rapidly rising marketing dark horse in the industry.

Four, four, eight:

Vibrating and blasting money making machine

With short video platforms such as Tik Tok and Aauto Quicker becoming important marketing centers, film marketing companies have also set up short video teams. Short video marketing companies such as "15-20", "Betta Culture" and "Cycling Play" have risen rapidly, and "4-4-8" established in 2019 is one of the leaders.

My Father and I, The Battle at Lake Changjin and Chinese Doctors, Summer Future, Great Dad … Throughout the whole summer and National Day archives, you can see the figure of getting eight out of four in these short video marketing teams.

Yang Yi, one of the founders of "Four-Four-Eight", once worked in Huayi and ByteDance Department, and was quite experienced in film and television marketing and short video planning and operation, which led to the creation of explosive video cases for many film and television projects on the Tik Tok platform.

Immediately film and television:

Mature new army of film and television marketing

As a new company established in October 2020, Lima Film and Television is not well known. The core members of the team are from Road Painting Film and Television, and participated in the marketing promotion of a series of films such as Hi, Mom’s t.a, When Men Fall in Love, Rabbit Violence, online movies Our New Life and Northeast Love Brother.

After obtaining the investment of Fang Ruyi Film and Television produced by Hi, Mom and A Little Red Flower, Ma Yi Film and Television will be responsible for the marketing of Confucianism and Italian projects.

In addition, Lima Film and Television also contacted artists to promote business. For example, Su Ke, the actor of the hit drama "Sweeping the Black Storm", was promoted behind the scenes during the publicity period of the series.

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Wei Xiaoli was subverted!

According to electric home news, on August 2, the transcripts delivered by the new car-making forces in July were released one after another. Surprisingly, the monthly delivery champions and runners-up all changed hands. After two months of rapid growth, the growth of new forces slowed down in July.And "Wei Xiaoli" unexpectedly experienced negative growth..Nezha Auto and Zero Run Auto won the first and second place in delivery this month..

Specifically, Nezha, which delivered about 14,000 cars in July, took the top spot in the delivery of new cars by the new force of car making, surpassing Xpeng Motors, which had previously dominated the list. Zero-run cars rose to the second place with a delivery volume of about 12,000 units, with a year-on-year increase of over 177%, hitting a new high for three consecutive months, leading the growth list. Xpeng Motors delivered 11,524 electric vehicles in July, down from 15,295 in June, ranking third. In July, LI and Weilai Automobile delivered 10,422 units and 10,052 units respectively, ranking fourth and fifth, and their chain sales declined. In July, the sales volume of AITO series with deep cooperation between Huawei and Cyrus reached 7228 units, a year-on-year surge of 8873.56%. The delivery of krypton cars reached 5022 units.

For a long time, Wei Lai, Xpeng Motors and LI (collectively referred to as "Wei Xiaoli") are the only protagonists or even pronouns of the new domestic car-making forces. Their business trends or their founders’ remarks have been in the spotlight for a long time, and they have often caused heated discussions. As the first batch of new car companies that have enjoyed the policy dividend and survived smoothly, Wei Xiaoli’s performance is still disappointing. After 7-8 years of establishment, it is close to achieving the annual delivery leap. However, as more and more traditional car companies accelerate their turn, the new force car companies in the second echelon have made great efforts to rush to the capital market. At the same time, they have repeatedly impacted the three-legged pattern of Wei Xiaoli in terms of delivery, and the era of "Wei Xiaoli" will soon be "subverted".

According to the data of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, last year, the sales volume of new energy vehicles in China was 3.521 million. According to the Development Plan of New Energy Vehicle Industry (2021-2035), the sales volume of new energy vehicles will reach about 20% of the total sales volume in 2025, that is, about 6 million vehicles. Based on the high growth rate of sales of new energy vehicles in the past two years, the sales volume in 2025 will definitely exceed 6 million, that is to say, it will almost double the market size in 2021. In the first half of this year, the production and sales of new energy vehicles were 2.661 million and 2.6 million respectively, both increasing by 1.2 times year-on-year, and the market penetration rate was 21.6%. The China Automobile Association predicts that there will be more than 5.5 million new energy vehicles in China in 2022, with a growth rate of over 56%. 2025 is a time point that is often mentioned. BAIC Group and Changan Automobile decided to completely stop selling fuel vehicles in 2025. LI will take 20% market share in 2025; Geely has set a target of selling more than 650,000 vehicles in 2025 for its new brand. ……

Obviously, all car companies are eyeing the big cake of the new energy vehicle market, and the competition in the future will only become more intense. It seems that the disintegration of the Wei Xiaoli Iron Triangle is an irreversible trend. Or it can be said that the symbol of the era of "Wei Xiaoli" has completed its mission of opening up the new energy market and completing the basic education of users’ minds, and the next batch of "Wei Xiaoli" will also begin to assume the responsibility as the new protagonist.

In July, the data delivered by the new forces of car-making are as follows:

nextev

Specifically, Weilai delivered a total of 10,052 new cars in July, a year-on-year increase of 26.7%. From January to July, 2022, Weilai delivered 60,879 new cars, a year-on-year increase of 22.0%. As of July 2022, Weilai has delivered a total of 227,949 new cars.

XPENG Motors

In July this year, Xpeng Motors delivered a total of 11,524 units, including 6,397 units delivered by Tucki P7, 3,608 units delivered by Tucki P5 and 1,519 units delivered by Tucki G3i. Since the delivery, the cumulative delivery volume in Xpeng Motors has been close to 220,000 units. Compared with 15,295 units in June, the delivery volume of Tucki in July dropped, with a total of 3,771 units missing. Among them, the two main models, P7 and P5, have significantly reduced the delivery volume. In June, P7 delivered 8,045 units and P5 delivered 5,598 units.

Li Auto

In July 2022, LI delivered 10,422 Li ONE vehicles, and from January to July this year, 70,825 vehicles have been delivered. During the whole delivery cycle, the total delivery volume in Li ONE reached 194,913 vehicles. Compared with the results in June, the ideal also ushered in a certain decline. In June, the ideal delivery number was 13,024 vehicles, which means that 2,602 vehicles were ideal in July.

Nezha automobile

In July this year, Nezha delivered a total of 14,037 new cars, of which 1,382 were exported overseas, a certain improvement compared with 13,157 in June. Nezha has always been known as the dark horse of the new forces. In the past six months, the delivery volume can be said to be rising, and it is often "amazing". From January to July this year, Nezha delivered a total of 771.68 million new cars with the combination of "U+V", and the sales volume of the new cars was close to that of Tucki.

Zero run car

In July this year, a total of 12,044 units were delivered by Zero Run, which was further improved compared with 11,259 units in June, with a year-on-year increase of over 177%. And hit a new high for three consecutive months. Compared with Wei Xiaoli’s short-term decline, zero running without new car baggage is bullish all the way.

GAC AION

Guangzhou Automobile Aian sold 25,033 units in July, up 138% year-on-year; From January to July, the cumulative sales volume was 125,284 units, a year-on-year increase of 135%.

AITO Wen Jie

In July, the delivery volume of AITO brand boundary series in deep cooperation between Huawei and Celestial Automobile reached 7,228 vehicles, a record high and a steady growth from the previous month. Among them, it took only 87 days for Wenjie M5 to deliver more than 10,000 vehicles, which set a new record for the fastest delivery of a single model of a new brand. By July 31st, 2022, the cumulative delivery volume of the M5 was 26,348 vehicles.

Since it was released, the demand for orders of the series has been growing rapidly, but the production and delivery capacity are also affected by fluctuations in the supply chain. At present, Celestial Motors is taking various measures to overcome the pressure brought by the epidemic situation and supply chain, and promote the continuous climbing of production capacity and delivery.

At the beginning of July, the customer M7 was officially released, which is the second model jointly built by Huawei and Celeste after the customer M5. According to the official statement, only 72 hours after the launch of the new car, the number of orders has exceeded 60,000.

Extreme krypton car

As a luxury hunting coupe owned by Krypton Intelligent Technology, in July, Krypton 001 delivered 5022 units, an increase of 16.73% from the previous month, creating a monthly record since delivery. By the end of July, a total of 30,039 units had been delivered. In addition, in July, the large order for Krypton 001 broke through 10,000 again, and the average order amount exceeded 335,000 yuan.

According to Krypton officials, the production capacity of Krypton 001 has climbed rapidly, from 0-10,000 units to 107 days, and from 10,000 to 20,000 units to 64 days. It is expected that the delivery of Krypton 001 will continue to improve steadily in the second half of the year.

[See you at 18: 00] Too light? Those who leaked the information of "Hua Zong" were detained for 7 days and fined 500 yuan.

At 18 o’clock, witness the news every day. CCTV will sort out the big and small things that happened around us within 24 hours for you.

[concern]

The Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council responded to Taiwan Province’s "Industrial Research Institute" announcement prohibiting internal employees from using Huawei products.

On January 16th, at the regular press conference of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, a reporter asked questions about the announcement by Taiwan Province Industrial Research Institute that its internal employees were prohibited from using Huawei mobile phones and computers. Ma Guang Xiao, spokesman of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, said that we firmly oppose such practices that undermine normal cross-strait economic and trade cooperation for political purposes. It not only harms the interests of mainland enterprises, but also seriously harms the interests of consumers in Taiwan Province. This kind of practice caters to some foreign forces and is willing to be a pawn of outsiders, which is unpopular.

Too light? Those who leaked the information of "Hua Zong" were detained for 7 days and fined 500 yuan.

Recently, Shenzhen Public Security Bureau issued a circular: Peng, a 42-year-old hotel manager in Shenzhen, was given administrative detention for 7 days and fined 500 yuan. The source was found, but 500 yuan was only sentenced to seven days’ detention, which was questioned by the public. What was the basis for this punishment? Is the penalty too light? In the case of "Hua Zong", because the illegal actor has only disclosed and illegally provided the personal identity information of "Hua Zong", and there is no evidence to prove that the illegal actor has made illegal profits and the amount of illegal profits exceeds 5,000 yuan, so the illegal actor’s behavior has not reached the level of crime, and it is not enough to reach the level of criminal prosecution through criminal law.

[domestic]

Wang Junwen, the former director of state-owned enterprises in Hainan Province, returned to China and surrendered himself.

According to the website of the State Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, on January 15, 2019, under the overall coordination of the International Office of the Central Anti-Corruption Coordination Group, with the unremitting efforts of the Hainan Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection, Wang Junwen, a suspected fugitive from duty, surrendered himself and actively returned to China. This is the first fugitive duty criminal suspect who returned to China to surrender after the Third Plenary Session of the 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, and the sixth fugitive who came to the case after the Central Pursuit Office announced the clues of 50 fugitives suspected of duty crimes and economic crimes.

The main person in charge of Hualin Company suspected of pyramid schemes has been under the control of the police.

According to the website of the Huanghua Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government of Hebei Province, after intense work, it was initially found out that the company was suspected of organizing and leading pyramid schemes since the Huanghua Joint Investigation Team entered Hualin Company. At present, the main person in charge of the company and related personnel have been under the control of the police. The investigation team of the case will be thoroughly investigated and dealt with in accordance with the law.

[international]

South Korea’s national defense white paper deletes "North Korea as an enemy"

The South Korean Ministry of National Defense released the "2018 National Defense White Paper" on the 15th, deleting the statement that the North Korean government and army are "enemies". This change reflects the improvement of North-South relations. The new white paper refers to a broader national security threat with "enemy", and generally defines all forces that threaten and violate "Korea’s sovereignty, territory, national life and property security" as enemies. The South Korean Ministry of National Defense said in a press release that this concept includes not only North Korea, but also transnational threats, non-military threats and increasing potential threats.

The government hasn’t opened the door yet. Trump wants 50,000 employees to come back to work without paying.

Washington post reported on the 15th that Trump said on Tuesday (15th) local time that he had asked to "recall" 50,000 federal employees to "perform some key government duties", including paying tax rebates, supervising flight safety, and inspecting the national food and medicine supply. However, these government employees will return to work without pay.

Nissan said it would thoroughly investigate the former chairman’s irregularities and consider a claim lawsuit.

A number of Japanese media reported on the 15th that Nissan Motor Company found through internal investigation that Carlos Ghosn, the former chairman, had asked Nissan to pay for the decoration of its overseas residence, the membership fee of the sailing club and the donation to the university. Nissan intends to thoroughly investigate its series of violations and consider filing a claim lawsuit. Nissan said that it will sort out a series of facts and promote information sharing and claim litigation procedures with Renault. Mitsubishi Motors, a subsidiary of Nissan, also conducted an internal investigation on former chairman Ghosn, and it is expected that the relevant information will be announced as soon as this week.

Society

The first-instance judgment of the fund-raising fraud case of "Kuailu Department": Kuailu Group was fined 1.5 billion and two people were sentenced to life imprisonment.

On the morning of January 16th, Shanghai No.1 Intermediate People’s Court publicly pronounced a series of cases in which the defendants Shanghai Kuailu Investment (Group) Co., Ltd., Shanghai Changning Donghongqiao Microfinance Co., Ltd., Shanghai Donghongqiao Financing Guarantee Co., Ltd. and 15 defendants, including Huang Jiaxuan, Wei Yanping, Zhou Mengmeng and Xu Qi (American), illegally absorbed public deposits, and guaranteed Kuailu Group, Donghongqiao Microfinance Company and Donghongqiao. Huang Jiaxuan and Wei Yanping were sentenced to life imprisonment and fined for fund-raising fraud; Xu Qi was sentenced to 13 years in prison and fined for two crimes of fund-raising fraud and illegal absorption of public deposits; The remaining 12 defendants, including Zhou Mengmeng, were sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment ranging from 15 years to 9 years and fined for fund-raising fraud.

Wenzhou opened the first "low-headed family" ticket and was fined 10 yuan for crossing the road to see the mobile phone.

"Hello, I just saw you crossing the zebra crossing while holding your mobile phone. According to the Regulations on the Promotion of Civilized Behavior in Wenzhou, pedestrians will be punished by 10 yuan when they look down at their mobile phones when crossing the road." Recently, Wenzhou traffic police issued a penalty ticket to Ms. Hu, a "low-headed family" on the zebra crossing. According to reports, this is also the first ticket for pedestrians to watch mobile phones on zebra crossings after the implementation of the Regulations on the Promotion of Civilized Behavior in Wenzhou City on January 1, 2019.

[Sports]

Zhou Yang, a famous short track speed skater from China, was elected as a member of the Sports Committee of the International Skating Federation.

According to the China Skating Association, Zhou Yang, the two-time champion of short track speed skating in the Winter Olympics, was elected as a member of the Athletes Committee of the International Skating Federation, with a term of office from the 2019 World Championships to the 2023 World Championships.

In the 2019 Asian Cup, Australia defeated Syria and advanced to the top 16 with the second place in the group.

Group B of the Asian Cup ended the final round of competition on the evening of 15th. Australia beat Syria in injury time and advanced to the top 16 with the second place in the group. The Syrian team regretted going out at the last minute.

[face]

Wu Mengchao: 97-year-old winner of the highest national science and technology award retires.

"Now it seems that the right choice of returning to China, studying medicine, joining the army and joining the party has enabled me to truly realize my life value. Therefore, I am glad of my choice, and I will always be grateful to the party and the country, and thank the big family of the army for their education and training. " On January 14th, Wu Mengchao, a 97-year-old member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and dean of the Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, said emotionally at his academician retirement ceremony.

He has been a doctor for more than 70 years, treated 16,000 patients with hepatobiliary diseases, and had at least 3 operations every week before retirement. "Working for the health of the motherland for 70 years" has a double meaning in him. Swift between the liver and gallbladder, but also with the patient’s liver and gallbladder, he explained what is a doctor’s kindness and what is a benevolent life!

Ren Zhengfei: "I miss my daughter very much and believe that justice will be done."

On January 15th, Ren Zhengfei, founder and CEO of Huawei, said in an interview that Huawei is entirely owned by employees of the company, with nearly 97,000 shareholders. "No external organization owns our stock". When talking about his daughter, Meng Wanzhou, CFO of Huawei, he said that he missed her very much and believed that justice would be done.

Geng Yanbo: "The mayor of the city" stepped down and was called the realistic version of Dakang Li.

On January 15, the Standing Committee of Taiyuan Municipal Committee held an enlarged meeting to announce the decision of Shanxi Provincial Committee on adjusting the main leadership positions of Taiyuan Municipal Government: Comrade Li Xiaobo was appointed as a member, standing committee member and deputy secretary of Taiyuan Municipal Committee; Geng Yanbo was relieved from the post of Deputy Secretary, Standing Committee Member of Taiyuan Municipal Committee. On the afternoon of the same day, the 20th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th Taiyuan Municipal People’s Congress was held. The meeting decided to accept Geng Yanbo’s resignation as mayor of Taiyuan and appointed Li Xiaobo as deputy mayor and acting mayor of Taiyuan. Geng Yanbo is famous for his diligence and hard work, and he is called "Mayor of online celebrity". During his tenure in Datong and Taiyuan, local citizens often met him at construction sites and pollution control sites.

Recently, a video of Geng Yanbo, then mayor of Datong, was widely circulated on social media, according to the report of WeChat WeChat official account "Politics". In the video, Geng Yanbo’s words are sharp and decisive, and he even breaks into a furious rage in order to implement the problem, causing heated discussion. The video clip was taken from a documentary broadcast in 2015, which recorded the arduous course of Geng Yanbo, the mayor of Datong, Shanxi Province, in the restoration of the ancient city during his tenure.

Theresa May: The Brexit agreement was not passed by the lower house of the British Parliament.

The lower house of the British Parliament voted on Theresa May’s Brexit agreement on the evening of 15th, and the result was that the agreement was overwhelmingly rejected by 432:202. It is said that this vote was the worst failure in the history of the British government. The previous record was that it failed by 166 votes in 1924.

After the voting, Theresa May made a brief speech. She said that in view of the complete defeat of the voting results, members of Parliament will have the opportunity to debate a motion of no confidence tomorrow (16th). She also said that she will continue to look for a solution acceptable to everyone.

Bella: the fourth anniversary of his death.

She was the first champion in the Youth Song Competition, and her cornea brought light to them after her death. On January 16th, 2015, singer Bella died of breast cancer at the age of 33. In April of that year, asteroid 41981 was named after her.

See you tomorrow at 18: 00!

Exploring Xiaomi automobile factory from zero distance, everything is ready except Dongfeng.

Xiaomi’s car-making plan, which is in full swing, has always been the focus of media attention. Recently, the interface news broke that Xiaomi has started trial production inside, producing about 50 prototype cars every week. In order to verify the relevant information and explore the Xiaomi factory at zero distance, the editor of First Electric Network rushed to Beijing Yizhuang Xiaomi Automobile Factory for a field visit.

At 3pm on September 6th, First Electric entered Xiaomi Automobile Factory in Yizhuang, Beijing and was unexpectedly allowed to enter. In the factory area, First Electric learned that this modern automobile factory covers an area of 720,000 square meters, with complete facilities and distinct areas. In addition to the factory buildings and office areas, there are many projects under construction. On the spot, relevant construction and operation preparations are continuing to advance. First Electric sees that some employees have entered the park office at present, and new people who are undergoing military training can also be seen in the factory.

In the factory, First Electric also saw two test vehicles based on Qin PLUS EV (parameter picture), and the roof part was similar to the top design of radish fast-running model, so it was guessed that it should be related to automatic driving and AI learning.

First Electric saw in the factory that the Xiaomi automobile manufacturing workshop has been completed, and related equipment has also entered the factory building. The workshop is temporarily in a state of debugging and looks like everything is ready.

The First Electric Field learned that there are currently 6 workshops in the park, including die casting, stamping, car body, painting, assembly and battery workshops.

In the die-casting workshop, First Electric saw the sign of "Xiaomi Super Die-casting", which indicates that Xiaomi Automobile will adopt advanced integrated die-casting technology.

In one of the factories, First Electric saw several parked vehicles in the distance. Due to the long distance, it is temporarily impossible to judge whether it is a prototype of Xiaomi car under production.

Based on what we saw on the spot, First Electric believes that the status of Xiaomi Automobile Factory has met the trial production conditions exposed by the media before, and the relevant mass production preparations should be fully promoted.

Lu Weibing, president of Xiaomi Group, has publicly stated that "the car-making business will be carried out according to the original plan, and the time schedule will meet or slightly exceed expectations. This year, Xiaomi Automobile will also conduct winter and summer tests as planned. "

Combined with the public information on the recruitment website. At present, Xiaomi Automobile is recruiting relevant talents in a large area, especially workshop operators, marketing teams and technical talents related to autonomous driving, and has also started the site selection of offline sales stores. Some media have revealed the site selection requirements of Xiaomi Automobile for offline sales stores: more than 3,000 square meters, at least 120 parking spaces, adopting the model of Xiaomi mobile phone franchise store+delivery center+authorized car body panel and spray center similar to Huawei Smart Car Selection.

It is understood that at present, the biggest problem facing Xiaomi Automobile is the approval of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the production qualification.

Some relevant media have revealed that Xiaomi Automobile will get the approval at the end of this year, which means that Xiaomi Automobile can start mass production at the end of this year; Regarding the production qualification, it has always been thought that Xiaomi Automobile will get the production qualification of Baowo in a high probability, but it backfired in the end. Up to now, the production qualification of Xiaomi Automobile is still a mystery. However, it has been learned from relevant channels that Xiaomi Automobile has solved the production qualification problem, and the way to adopt it is not known yet.

Now it seems that Xiaomi automobile may arrive ahead of time as long as conditions permit.

Summary of events reported by media in 2023:

  • In April, 2023, many media exposed the spy photos of Xiaomi car. The First Electric Network also captured the camouflage car charged by Xiaomi car in Beijing. Xiaomi car will be a coupe, and its tail shape is very eye-catching.
  • In June, 2023, some media exposed that Xiaomi Automobile Factory had been completed.
  • On July 4, 2023, Changchun FAW Fuwei Auto Parts Co., Ltd. (FAW Fuwei, 600742.SH), a supplier of Xiaomi Automobile, said on the investor interaction platform that the company is actively communicating with Xiaomi Automobile, and many molecular companies have entered the purchasing group of Xiaomi Automobile and will cooperate with Xiaomi Automobile as a component supplier.
  • In mid-July, 2023, the information of Xiaomi automobile battery pack will be exposed, which will adopt a 100-degree battery pack with an energy density of 157Wh/kg and a rated voltage of 726.7V V. It is expected to support 800V high-voltage fast charging technology.
  • On August 19, 2023, Xiaomi Automobile was exposed in the summer test spy photos in Xinjiang. When Lei Jun promoted the camera function of the latest mobile phone product X Fold on social media, the information inadvertently revealed also confirmed this point.
  • Recently, Xiaomi Automobile Technology Co., Ltd. registered the domain name of "xiaomiev”(EV" (EV is pure electric vehicle) website.

From all indications: Xiaomi car is really coming!

Will the first car built for Xiaomi, who dreams of having a fever, become the first car for young people?

This is also the most discussed point among netizens. No matter the previous explosion of "149,900 or 99,000", it seems unlikely now, even within 200,000. At present, the lowest price of models equipped with 100-degree battery packs on the market is around 300,000.

How much do you think Xiaomi will order?

Full process control to ensure the safety of lithium battery

  Lithium battery production line. Photo courtesy of vision china

  ◎ Chen Ke Our reporter Changfeng Wu

  With the popularity of mobile phones and electric cars, lithium batteries are playing an increasingly important role in people’s lives. However, the fire and explosion accidents of electric vehicles and energy storage power stations caused by the inherent thermal runaway of lithium batteries also make the safety of lithium batteries a problem that cannot be ignored. This is also a long-term technical challenge faced by the lithium battery industry.

  At the Sichuan Science and Technology Awards Conference held recently, the team of Professor Xiang Yong from the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, as the first completion unit, won the first prize of Sichuan Science and Technology Progress Award for the project "Key Technologies and Applications of Safety Control of Lithium Batteries Based on Multi-field Perception and Independent Flame Retardation". "How to improve the safety of lithium batteries and reduce the risk of overheating and explosion of batteries is a must." Xiang Yong said that in order to overcome this hurdle, he and his team have been exploring and struggling for more than ten years.

  Overcoming three major problems of lithium battery safety

  "Since 2012, we have gradually developed a complete electrochemical Qualcomm characterization platform and made a series of achievements in the research of lithium battery electrolytes, electrode materials and packaging materials." Xiang Yong said that he and his team began to try to apply the electrochemical Qualcomm characterization technology to the research on the dynamic change of the safety performance of lithium batteries in the whole life cycle, but during the research and development process, they found that the parameters monitored by the existing characterization methods were not enough to directly reflect the thermal runaway risk of lithium batteries.

  In Xiang Yong’s view, the thermal runaway process of lithium batteries involves manufacturing defects, aging and deterioration, management failure, abnormal environmental conditions and other factors, as well as manufacturing, storage and transportation, service and other links, and many technical problems need to be solved urgently.

  "There are three main problems to be overcome to solve the safety management and control of lithium batteries throughout their life cycle." Xiang Yong told Science and Technology Daily that real-time monitoring of thermal runaway of lithium battery is the first difficult problem. The difficulty lies in that conventional sensors cannot be embedded in the battery, and external signal sensing can only be relied on to infer the safety state of the battery, which will lead to inaccurate monitoring data.

  "Early warning and protection of lithium battery thermal runaway process is the second problem." Xiang Yong said that the measures taken after the thermal runaway of lithium batteries are usually "one size fits all", that is, shutting down the whole power supply system, which can not fundamentally eliminate safety accidents and will damage the service reliability of the power supply system.

  "The combustion blocking after the lithium battery caught fire is the third problem." Xiang Yong said that in the electrolyte of lithium battery, the organic solvent will produce flammable and explosive components when it is decomposed by heat, which will become the root cause of the fire and explosion of lithium battery after being mixed with oxygen. Therefore, once the lithium battery catches fire, it is extremely difficult to block the combustion.

  After clarifying the R&D problems and selecting the R&D direction, Xiang Yong team, together with Sichuan Institute of Safety Science and Technology, Sichuan Institute of Product Quality Supervision, Inspection and Testing, Sichuan Branch of China Tower Co., Ltd., Southwest Petroleum University and other Industry-University-Research companies, conducted in-depth research and exploration on the monitoring and control of the safety status of lithium batteries throughout their life cycle. Under the leadership of Xiang Yong, the participating research institutes have made concerted efforts to tackle key problems, giving full play to their respective strengths in the fields of theoretical research, technology development and application promotion.

  "We have successfully developed the in-situ preparation integration technology of multi-parameter thin film sensor and lithium battery current collector, realized the integrated integration, and solved the problem of sensor ‘ Buried, measured accurately, transmitted, with little influence ’ Key technical challenges. " Xiang Yong said that the team independently developed a special algorithm for artificial intelligence electrochemical countermeasure migration learning, and combined with the precise design model developed in the early stage, the accuracy of fault battery identification was improved to 98.6% in one fell swoop; Self-developed Qualcomm electrolyte preparation and screening technology and related devices improve the screening efficiency by 100 times, and realize the rapid optimization of the flame retardant and electrochemical properties of electrolyte.

  On April 24th, 2022, an expert group headed by Academician Wu Feng, a famous lithium battery expert, evaluated the technical achievements of lithium battery safety series developed by Xiang Yong team. The expert group agreed: "This achievement belongs to the international frontier technology field, and its indicators, model prediction accuracy and electrolyte self-extinguishing time are at the international leading level."

  Accumulated economic benefits exceeded 1 billion yuan.

  Since 2019, China Tower Energy Company has applied the project results to the power supply system of China Tower communication base station, supported the real-time online monitoring of more than 500,000 lithium batteries in the standby system of Sichuan communication base station, and warned the safety risks of lithium batteries for more than 20,000 times, with a success rate of 100%. More than 13,000 failed batteries were safely returned, and fire hazards were eliminated for more than 1,500 times, which effectively ensured the safe operation of the tower communication base station without any lithium battery thermal runaway accident.

  Shanghai Institute of Space Power Supply applied this achievement to solve the problem of sudden safety failure of lithium battery module. At present, this technology has been applied to Fengyun-4 02 satellite, new technology test satellite and other models; Sichuan Changhong Power Supply Co., Ltd. has developed a special integrated power supply with high weight ratio and high density of batteries and accessories based on the results of this project.

  In October 2019, after introducing the technical achievements of the project, Hubei Yiwei Power Co., Ltd. further developed the online capacity prediction technology of lithium batteries, and successfully applied the new technology to the transformation of existing production lines and the construction of new production lines, effectively improving the production capacity of lithium batteries.

  Xiang Yong told reporters that the popularization and application of the project results can help to develop high-safety and high-reliability new lithium battery products, eliminate hidden dangers of production safety risks, and also help to develop new lithium battery safety management system and improve the safety management and control level of lithium battery system. "Especially for lithium battery users, it can reduce the accident rate of lithium battery thermal runaway, reduce disaster losses and save operation and maintenance costs."

  The data shows that since March 2019, the achievements of this project have accumulated over 1 billion yuan in economic benefits, and produced a wide range of social benefits, playing a role in serving major and key national projects.

2021 Shanghai Auto Show: Volkswagen’s new car is fully combed

  [car home New Car Launch] The 2021 Shanghai Auto Show has officially kicked off. During this auto show, the Volkswagen brand can be said to have a strong lineup. According to statistics, including FAW-Volkswagen, SAIC Volkswagen, Volkswagen (imported), SAIC Volkswagen Skoda and FAW-Volkswagen Jetta, nearly 20 new cars were launched, pre-sold and listed during the auto show. Today, this new car comb of Volkswagen Shanghai Auto Show will take stock of these new models for you.

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★ FAW-Volkswagen brand:

FAW-Volkswagen brand new car fully combed car make and model Listing/pre-sale/launch characteristic ID.6 CROZZ line-ups MEB platform/expected to be launched in the third quarter Brand-new Golf () GTI line-ups DKX2.0 inline 4-cylinder turbocharged engine TALAGON lanjing line-ups Brand-new medium and large SUV

ID.6 CROZZ starts.

  Faw-Volkswagen (|) adopts a family design language, and the closed front face is equipped with a penetrating light strip and a luminous LED logo. In addition, the IQ.Light LED matrix smart headlight function equipped on ID.4 is also retained. Interior parts such as 5.3-inch LCD instrument, 12-inch suspended central control panel and knob shift mechanism are also inherited from ID.4 In terms of power, the new car is expected to provide three power versions of 132kW/150kW/225kW and two driving modes of rear drive and four-wheel drive, and support five driving modes including custom mode. Equipped with ternary lithium batteries, the capacity is 62kWh and 83.4kWh respectively, and the cruising range of its long-life version can exceed 580km(NEDC).

Faw-Volkswagen ID.6 CROZZ 2021 PRO version

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The new golf GTI starts

  The domestic eighth-generation golf GTI continues the design of the overseas version, and the overall appearance is more concise. The black honeycomb grille on the front bumper is larger, and the fog lights composed of five LED light sources are cleverly hidden on both sides; The black decorative strips at both ends of the front bumper slightly increase the aggression; The iconic red line of China Net and GTI logo have also appeared in the "old place". The new car uses a 2.0-liter inline four-cylinder turbocharged engine code-named DKX, with a maximum power of 162 kW (220 HP), and the peak torque is expected to be 350 Nm, which is the same as that of the previous generation. According to the application data of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the declared fuel consumption value of the new car is 6.7 liters/100 kilometers.

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TALAGON takes the lead.

  The front face design of Volkswagen TALAGON has a strong sense of hierarchy. The net and headlights are integrated into a "T" shape, and the interior is integrated with chrome-plated decoration, which looks very delicate. TALAGON is very slender from the side, and its wheelbase is 2980mm, which is consistent with SAIC Volkswagen Touran. The length, width and height are 5152(5153)/ 2002/1795mm respectively. In terms of power, the new car will be equipped with an EA888-DPL 2.0T engine, providing 330TSI and 380TSI power models. Referring to Touran, the maximum power of these two versions is 186 HP and 220 HP respectively, and the peak torque is 320 Nm and 350 Nm respectively, of which 380TSI is a four-wheel drive version.

Faw-Volkswagen Lanjing 2021 Basic Model

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★ SAIC Volkswagen brand:

SAIC Volkswagen brand new car fully combed car make and model Listing/pre-sale/launch characteristic ID.6 X line-ups MEB platform/expected to be launched in the third quarter New touang x be listed Mid-term change/sale of RMB 282,000-362,000. New Touran be listed Mid-term change/sale of RMB 292,000-372,000.

ID.6 X starting

  Like ID.6 CROZZ, the ID.6 X is the first ID model specially built for China, and it is a sister model with ID.6 Crozz.. Appearance, SAIC Volkswagen ID.6 X adopts the family design language, and the closed front face is equipped with a penetrating light strip and a luminous LED logo, but it is different from ID.6 CROZZ in design details. From the side, the new car adopts a cross-border style and a two-color body design. In addition, it also uses the semi-hidden door handle design on ID.4, which can attract the attention of young consumers. In terms of the rear end, the overall design is relatively simple. ID.6 X and ID.6cross can be distinguished by the shape of taillights and bumpers. ID.6 X’s taillights are designed with curves, and bumpers are designed with straight lines, while ID.6cross is just the other way around.

Saic Volkswagen ID.6 X 2021 basic model

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The new Touron X is on the market.

  In terms of appearance, the new Touran X has greatly continued the design of the current model, and the main change is the addition of the R-Line appearance kit. The lower enclosure is decorated with bright black decorative panels. In addition, the "cooling hole" decorative panels on the engine compartment cover, the rearview mirror shell, and the front and rear bumpers are all decorated with the same bright black treatment. In terms of dimensions, the length, width and height of the new Touran X are 4917/1989/1719mm and the wheelbase is 2980mm respectively. In terms of power, the new car will continue the configuration of the current model, equipped with Volkswagen EA888 engine, with a maximum power of 220 HP, and another 2.5T model is expected to continue to be provided. In terms of transmission, the new car will continue to match the 7-speed wet dual-clutch gearbox and still support the full-time four-wheel drive system.

SAIC Volkswagen Touran X 2021 Basic Model

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The new Touran is listed.

   The new Tourang has adopted a brand-new front face design in appearance, and the overall outline of the headlight has changed obviously. Its interior has also been upgraded to IQ.Light full LED matrix headlights, equipped with functions such as automatic height adjustment, follow-up steering and intelligent far and near headlights. In addition, the penetrating LED strip and the flat Volkswagen LOGO in the center of the front can also be lit up, which is quite a new energy vehicle. The length, width and height of the new car are 5052/1989/1773mm and the wheelbase is 2980 mm. The tail shape still continues its square design style. The biggest change is that the taillights adopt the same penetrating design as the headlights, and the central LOGO can also be lit. With the design of running water turn signal and penetrating chrome-plated horizontal bars, the texture of the tail has been significantly upgraded. In terms of power, the new car will continue the configuration of the current model.

SAIC Volkswagen Tourang 2021 Basic Model

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★ Volkswagen (imported) brand:

Volkswagen (imported) brand new cars are fully combed car make and model Listing/pre-sale/launch characteristic New weilan pre-sell Pre-sale is 268,000 yuan/listing is expected in July. Arteon Shooting brake line-ups The trunk volume is 565L (1632L in the rear row).

New weilan pre-sale

  As a mid-term redesigned model, the new Weilan continues the overall design of the current model, but some details have been adjusted. For example, the new car mainly upgraded the new style of front and rear surround and front and rear LED light groups, and updated the shape of LED daytime driving, further enhancing the sense of fashion. In terms of interior, the biggest highlight of the new car is to replace the steering wheel with a new style and upgrade the multimedia system. The addition of full LCD instrument and embedded central control panel has greatly improved the sense of science and technology of the whole interior. In terms of power, the new Weilan cancels the 1.4T and 2.0T high-power engines, and is only equipped with a 2.0T low-power engine. The maximum power of this engine is 137kW, and the peak torque is 320 N m. The transmission system is matched with a 7-speed wet dual-clutch gearbox.

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The new Arteon Shooting brake starts

  The new Arteon Shooting Brake adopts the latest design style of Volkswagen family in appearance. The front face adopts the "L"-shaped daytime running light running through the front face. As for the air intake grille of the China Net, it is integrated with the matrix LED headlights on both sides. On the side of the car body, the B-pillar line of the new car continues from the roof to the rear of the car, and it is integrated with the trunk, which better reflects the hunting style of Shooting Brake. It is reported that the new car will have a trunk volume of 565L, and the second row of seats will be extended to 1632L after being laid down. In the rear part of the car, a small spoiler is added to the rear of the car as an ornament, and with the exhaust design of the upper and lower sides, the visual impact of the whole rear is improved.

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★ Saic Volkswagen SkodaBrand:

SAIC Volkswagen Skoda brand new car fully combed car make and model Listing/pre-sale/launch characteristic Brand new Ming Rui PRO line-ups It is expected to be pre-sold at the end of April and listed in May.

The new Ming Rui PRO starts.

  The brand-new Ming Rui PRO is a brand-new generation of Ming Rui. The three-dimensional waterfall grille newly designed on the front face is young and sharp, and the three-dimensional ridges on the engine cover outline the cutting profile of light and shadow, creating a three-dimensional sense. The wheelbase of the new car is lengthened by 44mm, and the length, width and height (including exterior parts) are 4753/1832/1469mm respectively, and the wheelbase is 2730 mm.. The interior part of the new car center console adopts a brand-new design, and the through silver decorative strip divides the whole into two parts, which makes the overall shape layered. At the same time, the new car adopts a 10.3-inch full LCD instrument panel, and is equipped with a three-spoke multi-function sports steering wheel of the same model as the overseas version. The 12.1-inch multimedia touch screen in the central control center adopts a floating design, and a row of traditional button control areas are reserved below it. In addition, the electronic shift mechanism of the new car has also been upgraded to a lever design, which further enhances the overall sense of science and technology of the new car interior. In terms of power, the new domestic Skoda Ming Rui will be equipped with the familiar 1.4TSI engine with a maximum power of 150 HP, and the gearbox is expected to match the 7-speed dual-clutch gearbox.

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★ FAW-Volkswagen JettaBrand:

Faw-Volkswagen Jetta brand new car fully combed car make and model Listing/pre-sale/launch characteristic VA3 30th Anniversary Edition line-ups Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of Jetta’s Birth VS5 30th Anniversary Edition line-ups Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of Jetta’s Birth VS7 30th Anniversary Edition line-ups Commemorating the 30th Anniversary of Jetta’s Birth VS7 Panda Edition line-ups Variation of Special Edition Model/Black Front Edition VS7 Black Front Edition line-ups Special edition vehicle/body blackening treatment VS7 Yishi Edition line-ups Special edition models/more cooking equipment

VA3 30th Anniversary Edition Launch

  In terms of appearance, the 30th Anniversary Edition of Jetta VA3 is not much different from the ordinary version. It adopts family-style design, the lattice grille on the front face is very distinctive, and more chrome-plated elements also look young and fashionable. The new car has added the word "30" in the B-pillar position to reflect the particularity of the 30th anniversary edition, and added two body colors of manganese stone black and platinum gray. In terms of body size, the length, width and height of the new car are 4501/1704/1469mm and the wheelbase is 2604mm respectively. The interior design reflects the significance of the commemorative edition by adding beige seats, the 30th anniversary embroidery of the front seat headrest and the 30th anniversary logo of the welcome pedal. In terms of power, the new car is equipped with a 1.5L naturally aspirated engine with a maximum power of 112 HP and a peak torque of 145 Nm. The transmission system is matched with Aisin 6-speed automatic gearbox.

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VS7 Panda Edition Launch

  In terms of appearance, the overall design of Jetta VS7 is basically followed, and the details of the car body are blackened. Specifically, the new car blackens the front grille, dense spokes and mirrors on both sides to make the new car look more sporty. It is worth mentioning that the new car also adopts a new color scheme to make it look more fashionable. In terms of configuration, the new car has added the "30" anniversary LOGO at the B-pillar position, the appearance has increased the black sports surround, and the polar white car paint has been added. In the interior, the center console becomes all black, and the beige color scheme is added to the seat. The panda version is actually optimized on the basis of the black front version. The body size of the new car is 4624/1841/1644mm and the wheelbase is 2730 mm. In terms of power, it will continue to be equipped with a 1.4T high-power engine with a maximum power of 150 HP and a maximum torque of 250 Nm. The transmission system is matched with a 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic manual transmission, and only the predecessor version is available.

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VS7 Black Front Edition Starts

  As a special edition model, its overall appearance basically follows the design and modeling of the current Jetta VS7, and the body details are blackened. Specifically, the official blackened the front grille, dense spokes and mirrors on both sides of the car to make the new car look more sporty. As for the interior, it also follows the existing design and uses a lot of straight lines. Although it is different from the design language of Volkswagen family, most parts are still common with Volkswagen products, such as air conditioning panel, dashboard, steering wheel and gear shift lever, which are all familiar smells. In terms of configuration, the new car has added a black appearance sports kit, a LOGO for the 30th anniversary, and new paint colors of polar white and manganese stone black. In addition, the interior has also become an all-black dashboard and a beige seat has been added. The body size of the new car is 4624/1841/1644mm and the wheelbase is 2730 mm. In terms of power, it will continue to be equipped with a 1.4T high-power engine with a maximum power of 150 HP and a maximum torque of 250 Nm. The transmission system is matched with a 5-speed manual or 6-speed automatic manual transmission, and only the predecessor version is available.

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Full text summary:

  This year’s Shanghai Auto Show, Volkswagen’s lineup can be said to be extremely huge, and every brand is very interesting to pull out. The launch of ID.6 CROZZ and ID.6 X further demonstrates the steady development pace of Volkswagen in the new energy sector. I believe that Volkswagen, as the overlord of traditional energy sales, will definitely bring a blood shed to the new energy sector. (Text/car home Liu Xiangyu)

College students are enthusiastic about growing rice, but the new agricultural science is not as simple as farming.

  "Breakfast, a bowl of boiled rice with pickles, full of rice, sweet back." Eating his own hybrid rice, Liu Haolin, a sophomore majoring in agriculture at the Agricultural College of Sichuan Agricultural University, has an indescribable satisfaction.

  Recently, the news that sophomores successfully planted hybrid rice appeared in Weibo Hot Search. In late April this year, the Agricultural College of Sichuan Agricultural University held a hybrid rice planting and whole growth period management skill competition. Online registration was full just two minutes after it was opened, and many students failed to sign up. In late September, three hybrid rice plants planted by Liu Haolin’s group successfully passed the teacher’s acceptance. Some people praised and others scoffed at the fact that the sophomore boys planted hybrid rice, thinking that it was just the basic skill of agronomy, and some people thought that studying agriculture was just learning to farm.

  Does the popularity of planting competition in agricultural colleges mean that planting is a necessary skill for agronomy majors? What is special about the hybrid rice planted in the competition? Under the background of new agricultural science, what changes have taken place in agricultural professional education in colleges and universities? A few days ago, the reporter of Science and Technology Daily conducted relevant interviews.

  Cutting-edge technology into agricultural competition

  In the eyes of many people, the major of agronomy is to learn farming, and you can learn how to do species work at home without even going to college, so that the farmland can be productive. However, in Liu Haolin’s view, studying agronomy is to contribute to the national agricultural development. "Agronomy taught me how to greatly increase production, how to scientifically farm, how to cultivate new varieties, etc., which is absolutely different from farming at home."

  "This is the public’s misunderstanding of agronomy, which is a modern science that uses science and technology to arm crop production." Ren Wanjun, deputy dean of the Agricultural College of Sichuan Agricultural University, said that planting is one of the most basic skills in agronomy, but in addition to its production function, planting is more important to lay the foundation for theoretical research on crop biology and ecology, new variety breeding, cultivation technology innovation and management model innovation.

  During the competition, in order to let students feel the cutting-edge technology in the field of planting, the college applied the latest achievements of the national key research and development plan to all aspects of the competition.

  In terms of varieties, combined with the adaptability of mechanical transplanting of hybrid indica rice and the demand for high quality and high efficiency, the competition adopted the newly established variety screening index system with "daily yield" and "good taste" as the core; In the two links of seedling raising and planting intubation protection, the high-efficiency seedling raising technology and the green cultivation technology of high-quality hybrid rice with good quality and high quality are adopted respectively.

  The college will organize special personnel to carry out training on the technical application of each link. "The purpose of the training is to enable students to personally experience and master these advanced technologies and help them better cultivate rice." Ren Wanjun said.

  In August, pests first appeared, and Liu Haolin, who wanted to kill insects quickly, accidentally took too many drugs and burned seedlings. As a result, there was no progress when it was time to heading. Liu Haolin, who was thinking about how to feed rice while eating and sleeping, suddenly thought of what the teacher had said in class, so he solved this problem. He said: "Agriculture needs to combine theory with practice. Although there will be setbacks during the competition, the key is to find problems and master methods through practice."

  "The whole competition is equivalent to laboratory planting, and every link can be managed accurately. Because there are fewer seedlings planted in the laboratory, the lighting conditions and soil conditions are not well planted in the field, so its management is more difficult than field planting, but it also exercises and tests students more. " Ren Wanjun said that for scientific research and teaching, laboratory planting is of great value, because each link is controllable, so we can know more clearly the reasons for some phenomena in each link and determine the effect of each technical measure.

  He said that any agricultural research results need to be combined with laboratory and field, and repeated experiments. After the results are planted in the laboratory, they need to be tested by field experiments before they can be popularized, which takes a long period.

  Cross-discipline to create comprehensive talents

  The fiery competition is actually a microcosm of the construction of new agricultural science. In June this year, the Anji Consensus — — The announcement of China Declaration on the Construction of New Agricultural Sciences marks the official start of the construction of new agricultural sciences in China, and the development of higher agricultural and forestry education has entered a new era. Since the announcement of the new agricultural science, what changes have been made in the education of agricultural specialty in colleges and universities?

  "The focus of the new agricultural science is to transform the traditional agronomy specialty with modern biotechnology, engineering technology, information science and technology, so we should focus on combining these technologies with modern agronomy and integrating them into the teaching, scientific research and practice of personnel training." Ren Wanjun said that to take the road of innovation and subject integration, we should not only integrate the latest scientific research achievements and modern high-tech into specialty construction and course teaching, but also deepen the interdisciplinary, strengthen the construction of emerging interdisciplinary fields such as mechanized crop cultivation, precision cultivation, intelligent agriculture and biological breeding, put forward new theories and methods, realize the modernization of agronomy, and let universities lead the development of new agronomy.

  The reporter saw that in the training plan of the college, there are not only basic and professional theoretical courses such as plant physiology, soil and fertilizer science, crop cultivation science, farming science and crop breeding science, but also general courses such as English, ideological and political science, mathematics, chemistry and biology, as well as ideological and political courses for agricultural students to "learn from agriculture and love agriculture" and "strengthen agriculture and promote agriculture". At the same time, interdisciplinary courses such as intelligent agricultural technology and application, agricultural economy and management, plant biotechnology, molecular biology, agricultural industrialization, agricultural standardization and crop production mechanization have also been included in the training plan. Ren Wanjun said that agricultural production should take the modernization road of mechanization, standardization and informationization. As a high-tech discipline, agronomy is a complex comprehensive specialty, so the cultivation of agricultural talents should also be a systematic comprehensive project.

  Innovation and entrepreneurship take on the responsibility of revitalization

  "The most distinctive feature of the new agricultural science in our college is to cultivate students ‘ Willing, capable, hardworking and practical ’ ‘ Sigan ’ Traits. " Ren Wanjun said that agronomy itself has high practical requirements. Under the background of new agricultural science, the mastery and application of technology need to further deepen the practical requirements of agronomy. Therefore, it is particularly important to cultivate students’ practical ability and innovative consciousness.

  "In the process of practical teaching, the most important thing is to cultivate students’ innovative and entrepreneurial ability. In addition to learning the basic operation of planting, students should learn how to solve problems, including theoretical problems, technical problems, production problems, management problems, benefit problems, etc., and constantly optimize their thinking and methods for solving problems. " Ren Wanjun said that agricultural science and technology are constantly developing, and students need to have the ability to innovate, not only to absorb and master new things, but also to continuously develop and create new theories and technologies.

  In order to closely combine practical teaching with the cultivation of innovation and entrepreneurship, the college has established a training path of undergraduate talents with "indoor and field combination, scientific research transformation teaching, classroom cooperation, innovation and entrepreneurship education". In addition to setting up various skills competitions such as hybrid rice planting and whole growth period management, seed quality testing, specimen making, etc. in the school, the college also allows every undergraduate to "join the team, each with a project", so that every student can enter the teacher’s research team, participate in scientific research projects, and cultivate innovation and entrepreneurship ability in scientific research practice.

  In addition, the college has more than 30 off-campus practice bases and expert compound, which can carry out teaching and scientific research practice for students to complete course practice and graduation practice, and serve local economic development while being familiar with actual agricultural production and work. Ren Wanjun said that the College closely combines talent training with the abundant crop resources and diversified production structure in Southwest China, meets the new requirements of the integration and development of rural primary, secondary and tertiary industries in Southwest China through co-construction and co-education in Industry-University-Research, implements the combination of agriculture, education and Industry-University-Research cooperation, and strives to improve students’ comprehensive ability, cultivate a group of high-quality compound agronomists with multi-disciplinary backgrounds, cultivate more new talents who know and love agriculture, and shoulder the responsibility of rural revitalization.

Can new energy vehicles run fast without subsidies?

  Recently, the largest public centralized charging station in Henan Province — — "United Fast Charging" was put into operation in Zhengzhou, and all charging piles were charged with high-power DC fast charging, which can meet the requirements of charging more than 100 new energy vehicles at the same time. The picture shows the driver preparing to charge the new energy vehicle. Photo by Zhang Tao (Zhongjing Vision)

  After the subsidy retreat, domestic new energy vehicles will not only face competition with traditional fuel vehicles, but also compete with foreign new energy vehicle brands. Impressing consumers with suitable and high-quality products may be the most effective means for new energy vehicle manufacturers to resolve market risks. The core of competition among new energy automobile manufacturers is the competition of product technology and service.

  With the end of the first half of 2019, new energy vehicles have truly entered the post-subsidy era.

  Chen Shihua, Assistant Secretary-General of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, said that the current new energy vehicle market is still a market stimulated by policies, and with the support of national and local policies, it is in a rapid rising cycle. The decline of this subsidy is expected to have little long-term impact on the industry, and the previous prediction of the annual production and sales of 1.6 million new energy vehicles in 2019 will remain unchanged.

  After waiting and seeing, the price increase is inevitable.

  June 25th is the last day of the switching period between the subsidy policy for new energy vehicles in 2018 and the subsidy policy for new energy vehicles in 2019. Since June 26th, consumers have enjoyed the most subsidies or reduced them by 58%.

  "The withdrawal of subsidies mainly takes into account that the development of the new energy automobile industry has begun to take shape." Zhou Yi, assistant researcher of the Ministry of Industry of the State Council Development Research Center, said. Before 2014, the output of new energy vehicles was very small, less than 20,000. In 2014, the output jumped to 78,000. In 2018, the sales of new energy vehicles in China reached 1.256 million, accounting for more than half of the world’s total, with remarkable achievements.

  In fact, the rapid growth of new energy vehicles in China in the past is inseparable from subsidies. According to the "Announcement on the Preliminary Review of Subsidies for the Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles in 2016 and Previous Years" published on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in March this year, nearly 12.6 billion yuan of subsidies will be distributed to nearly 100 enterprises, of which BYD will become the biggest beneficiary with 2.689 billion yuan, and Geely will rank second with 1.111 billion yuan.

  With the subsidy for new energy vehicles declining year by year, independent car companies will naturally be affected to varying degrees, especially whether the price of new energy vehicles will increase, which has become the focus of consumers’ attention.

  The reporter recently visited some 4S stores in Beijing, such as Chery, BYD and GAC New Energy, and has not seen a clear price increase notice. They are all selling cars at the subsidy standard of 2018.

  Chen Shihua said, "At present, the profit rate of new energy vehicles is very low, and it is difficult for car companies themselves to bear the reduction of subsidies." "After the subsidy has dropped, the cost of car companies has increased substantially. If consumers do not accept the price increase, it will be difficult for market demand to start effectively." Cui Dongshu, Secretary-General of the National Passenger Car Market Information Association, said that the subsidy for new energy vehicles is much lower than the cost reduction of car companies, and the profit pressure of new energy car companies is greater. Car companies should not only cover manufacturing costs, but also consider the capital cost of subsidies that are not in place, so they will definitely raise prices.

  Competition will be more intense.

  "In recent years, in addition to the increase in quantity, the quality of new energy vehicles and the development of industrial chain have also been greatly improved." Zhou Yi said.

  From the quality point of view, the battery life is generally on the rise. A-class electric vehicles with a standard cruising range of more than 400 kilometers have become the mainstream, and the intelligent interconnection is also developing continuously. The level of automatic driving test is getting higher and higher, and the localization replacement rate and globalization level of parts and components are also constantly improving. From the industrial chain point of view, the upstream and downstream industrial chains of new energy vehicles are more complete, and a number of excellent enterprises have emerged in the fields of power batteries, non-battery accessories and other parts, complete vehicles such as independent brands and new Internet forces, and manufacturing and operation of charging piles.

  And the fast-growing new energy automobile industry will be affected after stepping on the "brake" of subsidy retreat?

  "The challenge is that the competition will be more intense in the future." Zhou Yi said that after the withdrawal of subsidies, domestic new energy vehicles not only face competition with traditional fuel vehicles, but also with foreign new energy vehicle brands, and there is fierce competition within domestic new energy vehicles.

  Lu Fuyong, a lecturer in industrial economy and national economy in university of international business and economics, has been paying attention to the development of new energy automobile industry in recent years. He told reporters that in the era of subsidies for new energy vehicles, there are four aspects of market risks: First, the competition in the overall market will be further intensified, and the subsidy policy will make the competition more intense, and the industry will gradually move toward the survival of the fittest. In this process, traditional car companies still have certain competitive advantages. Second, the real demand of consumers will gradually become clear. In the past, due to the support of policies, the market has always overestimated the real demand of consumers, and it is very likely that the market demand will fall back in the short term. The third is the risk of capital. In recent years, the new forces of car-making have risen rapidly with the help of capital. As the sales of new energy vehicles move from hot to stable, there is uncertainty whether these capitals will still be active in the industry. The fourth is the technical service risk.

  Lu Fuyong believes that how to grasp the real needs of consumers in the post-subsidy era and impress consumers with suitable and high-quality products may be the most effective means for new energy vehicle manufacturers to resolve market risks. "In the future, the competition of new energy automobile manufacturers will gradually shift to the comprehensive value competition of products, and the core is the competition of product technology and service."

  Lu Fuyong said that with the growth of new energy vehicles and the extension of service life, traffic and safety accidents related to new energy vehicles will further increase, and the short service life of new technologies will increase product risks; At the same time, new energy vehicles recalled due to product quality problems are also accumulating. The core to solve these problems is still to improve product quality and technical services, which is also the main difficulty faced by new energy vehicle manufacturers.

  Intelligentization will become the commanding height.

  "In 2019, China’s automobile market will still run at a low speed, but new energy vehicles will continue to grow. New energy automobile products should be customized in design, intelligent in function and platformized in development. " Shi Jianhua, Deputy Secretary-General of China Automobile Industry Association, said that with the rapid advancement of scientific and technological revolution, the new generation of information technologies such as 5G, cloud computing and artificial intelligence are deeply integrated with automobile transportation and other fields, which constantly promotes the formation of multi-dimensional information interaction networks between cars, roads, people and clouds, and people’s production and lifestyle are undergoing profound changes. Smart cars have become the commanding heights of the future development of the automobile industry.

  Shi Jianhua believes that in the future, the automobile industry should take green and intelligence as the development direction, and will focus on breaking through the key components of fuel cell technology and related industrial chains, advance the research and development and industrial application of intelligent driving technology, enhance the green and intelligent level of the industry, and accelerate the development of new energy and intelligent networked vehicles.

  Zhou Yi said that at present, there is a trend of "interconnection, autonomous driving, sharing and electrification" in the global automobile industry, and the networking of vehicles, autonomous driving and electric vehicles are closely related, and with the rise and application of 5G technology, it is expected that the application scenarios of electric vehicles under 5G will be more abundant in the future. In this context, the new energy vehicle market will be polarized in the future, and a few car companies will stand out because of their technical and cost advantages.

  "Whether new technologies and new industrial formats such as autonomous driving, car networking, intelligent transportation and driverless taxis can be commercialized on a large scale depends entirely on many factors such as cost, technology maturity and consumer acceptance." Zhou Yi said, but what is certain is that China has taken the lead in international exploration in these fields due to its huge market scale and abundant capital market, and it is expected to lead the global development in the future. (Economic Daily China Economic Net reporter Liu Wei)

At the age of 40, it’s time to prevent osteoporosis.

  After the solar term in beginning of winter, the temperature plummeted. According to the annual clinical consultation, the risk of falls and fractures of the elderly will show an upward trend. This is related to environmental factors such as reduced activity in winter, thick clothes and slippery roads, and also related to physical factors such as aging and degeneration of various organs of the elderly. Today we will focus on the problem of osteoporosis. According to the epidemiological survey of osteoporosis in 2018, 6% of male patients with osteoporosis over 50 years old, 32.1% of female patients, and 51.6% of female patients over 65 years old in China. Our country not only has a high proportion of osteoporosis population, but also does not pay enough attention to osteoporosis. The bone mineral density of people over 50 years old is only 3.7%. In fact, both men and women have entered the early stage of bone loss since the age of 40, and we should prevent osteoporosis from this time.

  1 minute self-examination of osteoporosis risk

  By answering the 1-minute osteoporosis risk test of the International Osteoporosis Foundation, you can quickly know whether you have the risk of osteoporosis.

  1. Parents have been diagnosed with osteoporosis or have been fractured after a light fall.

  2. One of the parents has a hunchback.

  3. The actual age is over 40 years old.

  4. Is there a fracture due to a light fall in adulthood?

  5. Do you often fall down (more than once last year) or worry about falling down because you are weak?

  Has the height decreased by more than 3 cm after 6.40 years old?

  7. Is it underweight (body mass index value is less than 19)

  8. Have you ever taken steroid hormones such as cortisone and prednisone for more than 3 months (cortisone is often used to treat asthma, rheumatoid arthritis and some inflammatory diseases)?

  9. Do you have rheumatoid arthritis?

  10. Have you been diagnosed with gastrointestinal diseases or malnutrition such as hyperthyroidism or hyperparathyroidism, type 1 diabetes, Crohn’s disease or celiac disease?

  11. Do you stop menstruating at or before the age of 45?

  12. Have you ever stopped menstruating for more than 12 months except pregnancy, menopause or hysterectomy?

  13. Did you have your ovaries removed before the age of 50 and didn’t take estrogen/progesterone supplements?

  14. Do you often drink a lot (drink more than two units of ethanol every day, which is equivalent to 570ml of beer, 240ml of wine or 60ml of spirits)?

  15. Currently used to smoking or used to smoke.

  16. Exercise less than 30 minutes a day (including doing housework, walking and running, etc.)

  17. Can’t you eat dairy products and don’t take calcium tablets?

  18. Have you been engaged in outdoor activities for less than 10 minutes every day and have not taken vitamin D?

  As long as the answer to one of the above questions is "yes", it is positive, suggesting the risk of osteoporosis, and suggesting bone mineral density testing or evaluating the risk of fracture.

  Bone mineral density detection is suitable for the following groups

  It is not necessary for everyone to do bone mineral density test. Compare the following self-test options to see if you need to have a bone mineral density test.

  1. Women over 65 years old and men over 70 years old, regardless of other risk factors for osteoporosis.

  2. Women under 65 and men under 70 have one or more risk factors for osteoporosis.

  ■ A slight collision or fall will cause a fracture.

  ■ Adults with low sex hormone levels caused by various reasons.

  ■ Those with diseases affecting bone metabolism or a history of using drugs affecting bone metabolism.

  ■ Patients receiving or planning long-term glucocorticoid treatment

  ■ Small and thin people

  ■ Long-term bedridden patients

  ■ People with chronic diarrhea

  ■ The answer to the 1-minute osteoporosis risk test is positive.

  Normal osteoporosis

  Remember "Five Origins and Three Stages" in Prevention and Control

  The prevention and treatment of osteoporosis should follow five principles. First, increase bone mass and increase bone peak value; The second is to delay bone loss; Third, inhibit secondary hyperparathyroidism; The fourth is to prevent the first fracture; Fifth, reasonable dietary structure and nutritional composition ratio, quitting bad eating habits, increasing calcium intake, participating in moderate exercise and increasing sunshine.

  Then, according to these five principles, the measures to prevent osteoporosis can be divided into three stages according to age: primary prevention, secondary prevention and tertiary prevention.

  The primary prevention of osteoporosis is to start from childhood, to reach the highest bone mass (peak bone mass) in one’s life from childhood and adolescence to around 30-35 years old, with the goal of avoiding or alleviating the occurrence of osteoporosis as much as possible. There are mainly the following measures.

  Reasonable dietary structure: milk is the most ideal calcium source, with 120mg of calcium per 100ml of fresh milk and a calcium absorption rate of 30%. The daily intake of calcium can be ensured by taking 500ml for adults, 750ml for children and 800ml for adolescents.

  Choose foods with high calcium content: sesame sauce, shrimp skin, dried seaweed, kelp, milk, bean products and cheese are all foods with high calcium content.

  Vitamin D intake: The daily intake of vitamin D is 400IU, and the vitamin D content in foods such as cod liver oil, canned sardines, egg yolk, shad and chicken liver is high. Sunlight irradiation is also one of the important ways to supplement vitamin D. Walking in soft sunshine for 40 minutes can ensure the vitamin D needed by the body. It is best to choose the irradiation time before 10 a.m. or after 3 p.m., so as to avoid too strong sunlight damaging the skin and eyesight.

  Moderate exercise: participating in moderate exercise is helpful to increase bone mass and increase the peak bone mass.

  Adhere to a healthy lifestyle: not addicted to alcohol and tobacco; Drink less coffee, strong tea and carbonated drinks; Less salt and less sugar.

  When people reach middle age, they reach the secondary prevention stage of osteoporosis. The core of prevention at this stage is to delay the loss of bone mass in middle age and try to avoid the first osteoporotic fracture. Women aged 40-49 and men aged 40-64 enter the prophase of bone loss: the annual bone loss rate of women is 0.4%-0.6% and that of men is 0.3%-0.5%. Women enter the period of rapid bone loss 1-10 years after menopause, and the rate of bone loss is obviously accelerated, while men do not have the period of rapid bone loss. In addition to food supplement, physical exercise and a good lifestyle, the main preventive methods need to be supplemented with vitamin D and appropriate calcium. The recommended intake of vitamin D for adults is 400IU/d, and the maximum tolerable intake is 2000IU/d. When vitamin D is used for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, the dosage is 800-1200IU/d..

  The tertiary prevention of osteoporosis is the stage of mending after the sheep is dead, mainly aimed at the elderly, which is mainly reflected in inhibiting bone resorption, reducing bone turnover rate and preventing accidental injuries and fractures. Osteoporosis can be treated by supplementing calcium and vitamin D and taking anti-osteoporosis drugs under the guidance of professional doctors, so as to avoid osteoporotic fractures and re-fractures as much as possible.

  Calcium supplementation alone cannot replace treatment.

  The daily calcium intake standard recommended by China Nutrition Association is: 400mg; from birth to 6 months; 600mg; for 6-12 months; 800-1200mg; under 10 years old; 11-24 years old 1200-1500mg;; 1400mg; for pregnant or lactating women over 19 years old; Postmenopausal and postmenopausal women who did not take estrogen 1500mg;; Take estrogen 1000mg; for postmenopausal and postmenopausal women; Middle-aged male 1000mg;; 1000-1500mg for the elderly.

  However, calcium supplementation alone cannot replace the treatment of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis patients can’t overcome the obstacle of calcium utilization by bones only by taking calcium orally, so they should be treated regularly under the guidance of doctors.

  About 30% of elderly people over 60 years old and postmenopausal women have gastric acid deficiency. If they have flatulence and constipation after taking calcium carbonate, they should change to calcium citrate. The absorption of calcium citrate is independent of gastric acid and can prevent kidney calculi, which is especially suitable for those with gastric acid deficiency.

  However, whether calcium supplementation is needed or not should be decided by consulting a specialist in a regular hospital and doing a bone mineral density examination. There is a threshold for calcium absorption. Excessive supplementation is not only a waste, but also can lead to kidney calculi’s disease, ectopic calcification and atherosclerosis. Kidney calculi, patients with advanced bone metastasis, hypercalcemia and cardiac and renal insufficiency are forbidden to supplement calcium.

  (Author: Deputy Chief Physician, Center for Orthopedics, Osteoporosis and Bone Metabolic Diseases, Peking University Third Hospital)

Thousands of people such as Musk signed an open letter, and the development of artificial intelligence endangered the "control of civilization"?

  BEIJING, March 30 (Xinhua)-The American drama westworld and the Hollywood movie Terminator have described that the "awakening" of artificial intelligence (AI) may endanger human beings. Recently, concerns in science fiction films have come into reality, and many "big brothers" in the artificial intelligence industry have suddenly called for suspending the development of more powerful AI systems, suggesting that AI systems with human-level intelligence may "pose potential risks to society and mankind".

  Where do their concerns come from? Will the development of artificial intelligence endanger the "civilization control" of human beings? Has the development of AI reached a turning point where the "pause button" needs to be pressed?

  An open letter, four questions about AI risk

  Recently, elon musk, an American billionaire, and Yoshua Bengio, a top expert in the field of artificial intelligence and winner of Turing Prize, signed an open letter calling for suspending the development of AI systems more powerful than GPT-4 for at least six months, calling it "a potential risk to society and mankind".

  An open letter calling for the suspension of giant AI training. Image source: "Future Life Institute" website

  The open letter published on the website of the Future of Life Institute, a non-profit organization, advocates that before developing a powerful AI system, it should be confirmed that the impact is positive and the risks are controllable.

  The letter details that the AI system with human intelligence may bring great risks to society and human beings, saying that "this point has been recognized by a lot of research and top AI laboratories" and throws four questions in succession:

  -Should we let machines flood our information channels with propaganda and lies?

  -Should we automate all the work, including those that are satisfactory?

  -Should we develop non-human thinking that may eventually surpass us in number, surpass us in intelligence and be able to eliminate and replace us?

  -Should we risk losing control of our civilization?

  The open letter pointed out that if such suspension cannot be implemented quickly, the government should step in and take measures. In addition, "AI Labs and independent experts should take advantage of this suspension to jointly develop and implement a set of shared security protocols for advanced AI design and development, and be strictly audited and supervised by independent external experts".

  The letter also called on developers and policy makers to cooperate to greatly accelerate the development of a powerful AI governance system. This should at least involve regulatory agencies, auditing and certification systems, monitoring and tracking high-performance AI systems, liability issues after artificial intelligence causes injuries, and providing public funds for AI technology security research.

  At the end of the open letter, it is mentioned that today, our society has suspended other technologies that may have disastrous effects, and the same should be true for artificial intelligence. "Let’s enjoy a long ‘ Summer of AI ’ Instead of entering autumn unprepared. "

  Technology, ethics and interests call for slowing down.

  It is not difficult to see from these contents that the supporters of the open letter are more concerned about the possible "barbaric growth" of artificial intelligence and the social and ethical problems that its development may bring.

  As mentioned in the open letter, this suspension does not mean suspending the development of artificial intelligence as a whole, but "taking a step back" from the dangerous competition. The research and development of artificial intelligence should re-focus on making today’s powerful and advanced systems more accurate, safe, interpretable, transparent, robust, consistent, credible and reliable.

  Gary Marcus, a professor at new york University, said, "This letter is not perfect, but the spirit is correct." He believes that people need to slow down until they can better understand the consequences of all this.

  At present, the open letter has been signed by thousands of people, including Emad Mostaque, CEO of open source artificial intelligence company Stability AI, DeepMind researcher of artificial intelligence company of Google’s parent company Alphabet, computer scientist Stuart Russell and other experts, scholars and technology company executives.

  The "Future Life Research Institute" that issued an open letter was mainly funded by the Musk Foundation and the Silicon Valley Community Foundation. Tesla CEO Musk is applying artificial intelligence to autonomous driving system, and he has been frankly expressing his concerns about artificial intelligence.

  Reuters also said that Europol recently expressed ethical and legal concerns about advanced artificial intelligence such as ChatGPT, warning that such systems may be abused for phishing, false information and cyber crimes. In addition, the British government also announced a proposal to establish an AI regulatory framework.

  On the Internet, this letter also caused heated discussion. Some netizens agreed that people need to know what happened. "Just because we know we can build it doesn’t mean we should build it."

  However, some people doubt Musk’s motivation. "Musk signed it because he wanted to use his artificial intelligence to make money."

  Others analyzed, "This is terrible, but I don’t think some projects need to stop. Technology is developing rapidly and responsible innovation is also necessary. "

  Thinking about the relationship between human beings and AI has never stopped since the birth of technology. The famous physicist Hawking once said, "The successful creation of artificial intelligence is probably the greatest event in the history of human civilization. But if we can’t learn how to avoid risks, then we will put ourselves in a desperate situation. "

  Nowadays, from passing the qualification examination to artistic "creation", AI can do more and more things and go further and further in the direction of "intelligence". At the same time, however, criminal acts such as using AI technology for online fraud and extortion and spreading illegal information are also emerging one after another.

  Different from the long cycle of the transformation of technological innovation achievements in the physical world, AI technological breakthroughs often spread around the world overnight through the Internet. These discussions and concerns are not superfluous until human beings fail to find a proper solution to AI ethics and supervision.