[See you at 18: 00] Too light? Those who leaked the information of "Hua Zong" were detained for 7 days and fined 500 yuan.

At 18 o’clock, witness the news every day. CCTV will sort out the big and small things that happened around us within 24 hours for you.


The Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council responded to Taiwan Province’s "Industrial Research Institute" announcement prohibiting internal employees from using Huawei products.

On January 16th, at the regular press conference of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, a reporter asked questions about the announcement by Taiwan Province Industrial Research Institute that its internal employees were prohibited from using Huawei mobile phones and computers. Ma Guang Xiao, spokesman of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, said that we firmly oppose such practices that undermine normal cross-strait economic and trade cooperation for political purposes. It not only harms the interests of mainland enterprises, but also seriously harms the interests of consumers in Taiwan Province. This kind of practice caters to some foreign forces and is willing to be a pawn of outsiders, which is unpopular.

Too light? Those who leaked the information of "Hua Zong" were detained for 7 days and fined 500 yuan.

Recently, Shenzhen Public Security Bureau issued a circular: Peng, a 42-year-old hotel manager in Shenzhen, was given administrative detention for 7 days and fined 500 yuan. The source was found, but 500 yuan was only sentenced to seven days’ detention, which was questioned by the public. What was the basis for this punishment? Is the penalty too light? In the case of "Hua Zong", because the illegal actor has only disclosed and illegally provided the personal identity information of "Hua Zong", and there is no evidence to prove that the illegal actor has made illegal profits and the amount of illegal profits exceeds 5,000 yuan, so the illegal actor’s behavior has not reached the level of crime, and it is not enough to reach the level of criminal prosecution through criminal law.


Wang Junwen, the former director of state-owned enterprises in Hainan Province, returned to China and surrendered himself.

According to the website of the State Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, on January 15, 2019, under the overall coordination of the International Office of the Central Anti-Corruption Coordination Group, with the unremitting efforts of the Hainan Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection, Wang Junwen, a suspected fugitive from duty, surrendered himself and actively returned to China. This is the first fugitive duty criminal suspect who returned to China to surrender after the Third Plenary Session of the 19th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, and the sixth fugitive who came to the case after the Central Pursuit Office announced the clues of 50 fugitives suspected of duty crimes and economic crimes.

The main person in charge of Hualin Company suspected of pyramid schemes has been under the control of the police.

According to the website of the Huanghua Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government of Hebei Province, after intense work, it was initially found out that the company was suspected of organizing and leading pyramid schemes since the Huanghua Joint Investigation Team entered Hualin Company. At present, the main person in charge of the company and related personnel have been under the control of the police. The investigation team of the case will be thoroughly investigated and dealt with in accordance with the law.


South Korea’s national defense white paper deletes "North Korea as an enemy"

The South Korean Ministry of National Defense released the "2018 National Defense White Paper" on the 15th, deleting the statement that the North Korean government and army are "enemies". This change reflects the improvement of North-South relations. The new white paper refers to a broader national security threat with "enemy", and generally defines all forces that threaten and violate "Korea’s sovereignty, territory, national life and property security" as enemies. The South Korean Ministry of National Defense said in a press release that this concept includes not only North Korea, but also transnational threats, non-military threats and increasing potential threats.

The government hasn’t opened the door yet. Trump wants 50,000 employees to come back to work without paying.

Washington post reported on the 15th that Trump said on Tuesday (15th) local time that he had asked to "recall" 50,000 federal employees to "perform some key government duties", including paying tax rebates, supervising flight safety, and inspecting the national food and medicine supply. However, these government employees will return to work without pay.

Nissan said it would thoroughly investigate the former chairman’s irregularities and consider a claim lawsuit.

A number of Japanese media reported on the 15th that Nissan Motor Company found through internal investigation that Carlos Ghosn, the former chairman, had asked Nissan to pay for the decoration of its overseas residence, the membership fee of the sailing club and the donation to the university. Nissan intends to thoroughly investigate its series of violations and consider filing a claim lawsuit. Nissan said that it will sort out a series of facts and promote information sharing and claim litigation procedures with Renault. Mitsubishi Motors, a subsidiary of Nissan, also conducted an internal investigation on former chairman Ghosn, and it is expected that the relevant information will be announced as soon as this week.


The first-instance judgment of the fund-raising fraud case of "Kuailu Department": Kuailu Group was fined 1.5 billion and two people were sentenced to life imprisonment.

On the morning of January 16th, Shanghai No.1 Intermediate People’s Court publicly pronounced a series of cases in which the defendants Shanghai Kuailu Investment (Group) Co., Ltd., Shanghai Changning Donghongqiao Microfinance Co., Ltd., Shanghai Donghongqiao Financing Guarantee Co., Ltd. and 15 defendants, including Huang Jiaxuan, Wei Yanping, Zhou Mengmeng and Xu Qi (American), illegally absorbed public deposits, and guaranteed Kuailu Group, Donghongqiao Microfinance Company and Donghongqiao. Huang Jiaxuan and Wei Yanping were sentenced to life imprisonment and fined for fund-raising fraud; Xu Qi was sentenced to 13 years in prison and fined for two crimes of fund-raising fraud and illegal absorption of public deposits; The remaining 12 defendants, including Zhou Mengmeng, were sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment ranging from 15 years to 9 years and fined for fund-raising fraud.

Wenzhou opened the first "low-headed family" ticket and was fined 10 yuan for crossing the road to see the mobile phone.

"Hello, I just saw you crossing the zebra crossing while holding your mobile phone. According to the Regulations on the Promotion of Civilized Behavior in Wenzhou, pedestrians will be punished by 10 yuan when they look down at their mobile phones when crossing the road." Recently, Wenzhou traffic police issued a penalty ticket to Ms. Hu, a "low-headed family" on the zebra crossing. According to reports, this is also the first ticket for pedestrians to watch mobile phones on zebra crossings after the implementation of the Regulations on the Promotion of Civilized Behavior in Wenzhou City on January 1, 2019.


Zhou Yang, a famous short track speed skater from China, was elected as a member of the Sports Committee of the International Skating Federation.

According to the China Skating Association, Zhou Yang, the two-time champion of short track speed skating in the Winter Olympics, was elected as a member of the Athletes Committee of the International Skating Federation, with a term of office from the 2019 World Championships to the 2023 World Championships.

In the 2019 Asian Cup, Australia defeated Syria and advanced to the top 16 with the second place in the group.

Group B of the Asian Cup ended the final round of competition on the evening of 15th. Australia beat Syria in injury time and advanced to the top 16 with the second place in the group. The Syrian team regretted going out at the last minute.


Wu Mengchao: 97-year-old winner of the highest national science and technology award retires.

"Now it seems that the right choice of returning to China, studying medicine, joining the army and joining the party has enabled me to truly realize my life value. Therefore, I am glad of my choice, and I will always be grateful to the party and the country, and thank the big family of the army for their education and training. " On January 14th, Wu Mengchao, a 97-year-old member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and dean of the Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, said emotionally at his academician retirement ceremony.

He has been a doctor for more than 70 years, treated 16,000 patients with hepatobiliary diseases, and had at least 3 operations every week before retirement. "Working for the health of the motherland for 70 years" has a double meaning in him. Swift between the liver and gallbladder, but also with the patient’s liver and gallbladder, he explained what is a doctor’s kindness and what is a benevolent life!

Ren Zhengfei: "I miss my daughter very much and believe that justice will be done."

On January 15th, Ren Zhengfei, founder and CEO of Huawei, said in an interview that Huawei is entirely owned by employees of the company, with nearly 97,000 shareholders. "No external organization owns our stock". When talking about his daughter, Meng Wanzhou, CFO of Huawei, he said that he missed her very much and believed that justice would be done.

Geng Yanbo: "The mayor of the city" stepped down and was called the realistic version of Dakang Li.

On January 15, the Standing Committee of Taiyuan Municipal Committee held an enlarged meeting to announce the decision of Shanxi Provincial Committee on adjusting the main leadership positions of Taiyuan Municipal Government: Comrade Li Xiaobo was appointed as a member, standing committee member and deputy secretary of Taiyuan Municipal Committee; Geng Yanbo was relieved from the post of Deputy Secretary, Standing Committee Member of Taiyuan Municipal Committee. On the afternoon of the same day, the 20th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th Taiyuan Municipal People’s Congress was held. The meeting decided to accept Geng Yanbo’s resignation as mayor of Taiyuan and appointed Li Xiaobo as deputy mayor and acting mayor of Taiyuan. Geng Yanbo is famous for his diligence and hard work, and he is called "Mayor of online celebrity". During his tenure in Datong and Taiyuan, local citizens often met him at construction sites and pollution control sites.

Recently, a video of Geng Yanbo, then mayor of Datong, was widely circulated on social media, according to the report of WeChat WeChat official account "Politics". In the video, Geng Yanbo’s words are sharp and decisive, and he even breaks into a furious rage in order to implement the problem, causing heated discussion. The video clip was taken from a documentary broadcast in 2015, which recorded the arduous course of Geng Yanbo, the mayor of Datong, Shanxi Province, in the restoration of the ancient city during his tenure.

Theresa May: The Brexit agreement was not passed by the lower house of the British Parliament.

The lower house of the British Parliament voted on Theresa May’s Brexit agreement on the evening of 15th, and the result was that the agreement was overwhelmingly rejected by 432:202. It is said that this vote was the worst failure in the history of the British government. The previous record was that it failed by 166 votes in 1924.

After the voting, Theresa May made a brief speech. She said that in view of the complete defeat of the voting results, members of Parliament will have the opportunity to debate a motion of no confidence tomorrow (16th). She also said that she will continue to look for a solution acceptable to everyone.

Bella: the fourth anniversary of his death.

She was the first champion in the Youth Song Competition, and her cornea brought light to them after her death. On January 16th, 2015, singer Bella died of breast cancer at the age of 33. In April of that year, asteroid 41981 was named after her.

See you tomorrow at 18: 00!

Zhiji Automobile released the road map of intelligent driving products in the next 3-5 years and moved towards the end of automatic driving.

Beijing News Shell Finance News (Reporter Lin Zi) On August 16th, Beijing News Shell Finance reporter Zi Zhiji learned that Guo Hui, the chief scientist of Zhiji automobile intelligent driving, announced that Zhiji would officially open the public beta of "iAd City NOA" in October this year, and iAd intelligent driving would be fully data-driven, and most scenes would be automatically driven in the next 3-5 years, leading to the end of automatic driving.

From the road map, in the next 3-5 years, Zhiji Automobile will start the intelligent driving products to accelerate the running, and the intelligent driving products such as high-precision map NOA, urban NOA and commuting mode will be intensively launched. Among them, "going to the high-precision map NOA", IM AD will open the public beta in September; "City NOA", which started internal testing in April this year, is progressing smoothly and will start public testing in October; "Commuting mode" is expected to quickly cover 100+ cities nationwide in 2024; In 2025, IM AD will enter the era of Door to Door.

Zhiji Automobile was established on December 25th, 2020. It is a brand-new user-oriented automobile science and technology company jointly built by SAIC, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech and Alibaba Group. In July this year, SAIC announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding with Audi to jointly sprint the new electric intelligent track. It is reported that the two sides may cooperate on Zhiji’s electric vehicle platform.

Editor Yue Caizhou

Proofread Junyan Zhang

2017 Shanghai Auto Show opens, new energy vehicles become "mainstream"

  Beijing, April 20 (Reporter Zhu Hongyuan) According to the economic voice "Tianxia Finance", the 17th Shanghai International Automobile Industry Exhibition in 2017 opened yesterday. As the most influential international auto show in China, more than 1,000 vehicle companies and parts companies from 18 countries and regions participated in the exhibition this year, and 1,400 vehicles were exhibited. In addition to the traditional car brands, this year’s emerging new energy car brands, and Internet car companies that have received much attention have also brought their own products.

  The number of mass production vehicles of new energy vehicles exceeds that of traditional vehicles.

  This year’s Shanghai Auto Show has 113 first cars in the world, while there are 159 new energy exhibition cars, including 96 domestic manufacturers. New energy, smart cars and Internet-made cars have become the general trend of the development of the automobile industry. As Yin Tongyue, Chairman of Chery Automobile Co., Ltd. said, the number of new energy production vehicles has exceeded the number of traditional vehicles.

  Yin Tongyue: "There are about three or four new energy vehicles this year. Now new energy vehicles have exceeded the amount of traditional vehicles. New energy vehicles mainly solve pollution and national energy security problems."

  At present, China is experiencing the largest and fastest urbanization process in the history of the world, with 20 million rural people flooding into cities every year. Although it promotes economic development and social progress, it also breeds a series of urban diseases. This has led many car companies to study the solutions of "pollution control" and "congestion control" and put forward the concept of "green transportation".  

  Wang Chuanfu, chairman and president of BYD, said: "As early as seven years ago, BYD launched ‘ Electrification of urban public transport ’ The solution is to give priority to the use of low-carbon and environmentally-friendly electric vehicles in the field of urban public transportation to reduce the exhaust pollution of the city. Now, this solution has risen to a national strategy. Major cities are accelerating the popularization of electric vehicles, which plays a positive role in alleviating smog. "

  Building cars on the Internet is the future trend.

  As far as the current development is concerned, the automobile is no longer a simple means of transportation. It will become an effective mobile means to maintain smart homes, smart grids and wireless city and build a low-carbon society. This has also prompted many internet companies to devote themselves to the automobile industry. Ge Jingdong, vice president of Sina, believes that building cars on the Internet must be the future trend.

  Ge Jingdong: "This is the trend of cross-border integration, ‘ Internet plus & rsquo; The combination with various industries, of course, does not rule out that some enterprises in this process have not figured out what is going on, are good at telling stories well, and have not done a good job in basic work, but they will slowly go to the past and leave some truly competitive projects. "

  It is necessary to establish a supporting system for battery treatment.

  At present, the embryonic form of a future automobile society is taking shape, and the independent innovation and market potential of China automobile industry will leave the world with a broader imagination. In the future, new energy vehicles and smart cars will continue to emerge, but Zhao Chen, the founder of Sina Auto Car Help, also expressed his concern.

  Zhao Chen: "But I think the biggest problem now is that we must do a good job in battery technology, and at the same time, the problems to be solved are: one is that it is difficult to charge, and the matching of residential areas and urban planning must keep pace. The second is batteries, because almost pure electric vehicles and new energy vehicles are still in a period of rapid development, but we should consider how to recycle and dispose of these batteries after these vehicles are scrapped. This is the most serious problem, and we can’t have many problems in the environment after decades of rapid development. Automobile manufacturers must play their social responsibilities, and a standard system must be established for recycling batteries and scrapping batteries. "

What is the "mobile patrol" for the party group of the General Administration of Sports in view of football corruption?

  On the evening of March 27th, Xinhua News Agency announced the targets of the first round of inspections of the 20th Central Committee. With the approval of the CPC Central Committee, the first round of inspections of the 20th Central Committee will conduct regular inspections of 30 party groups of medium-sized enterprises, "look back" inspections of party groups of five medium-sized financial enterprises, and conduct mobile inspections of party groups of the State Sports General Administration.

  On March 27th, The Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) of the Communist Party of China and Li Xi, leader of the Central Inspection Work Leading Group, attended the national inspection work conference and the first round of patrol mobilization deployment meeting of the 20th Central Committee and delivered a speech.

  Li Xi stressed that to carry out the mobile patrol of the State Sports General Administration, we should focus on fulfilling the party’s leadership functions and responsibilities, implementing the major decision-making arrangements for building a sports power, and thoroughly find out and promote the solution of corruption and deep-seated institutional mechanisms in the sports field, especially in the football field, so as to provide a strong guarantee for building a sports power.

  So what is a mobile patrol?

  The Paper reporter noted that in fact, as early as June 2017, CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection website had published an article introducing what a "mobile" patrol was. "Three words and nine words", talking about "mobile" inspections, the comrades of the Central Inspection Team came straight to the point and were concise.

  These "three words and nine words" are "small team", "short and fast" and "swimming whistle"



  那么“机动式”巡视, 中央巡视组用了哪些“招儿”?



  During the inspection, grasp the "key" issues and make a precise breakthrough. Combined with the historical, cultural and institutional characteristics of the inspected unit, the inspection team grasped the key issues related to the performance of the core functions of the inspected unit, deeply understood the situation, found political deviations, achieved accurate breakthroughs, and identified specific problems that were not firm enough and not in place.

  Judging from Li Xi’s speech, the mobile patrol of the State Sports General Administration is to provide a strong guarantee for building a sports power.

  In addition, the "mobile" patrol is to keep an eye on the key points and be flexible.

  Keep an eye on key personnel, have a positive conversation and get to the point. Concentrate time to conduct patrol talks with key positions with relatively concentrated power, adhere to the problem orientation, clearly put forward requirements, and ask them to objectively provide the inspection team with the problems existing in the exercise of power in their own units, departments and positions, and learn some important situations and clues.

  Keep an eye on the key departments and get a deeper understanding of the situation. During the face-to-face talk, listen to the report on the exercise of power by the key work departments of the inspected units, clearly request to strengthen the awareness of problems in the report, measure the work of the departments with high standards, and check the outstanding problems and weak links in the exercise of power by the departments. On this basis, the inspection team sorted out the situation in time, studied and analyzed, and found out the outstanding problems and specific manifestations of improper use of power.

At the age of 40, it’s time to prevent osteoporosis.

  After the solar term in beginning of winter, the temperature plummeted. According to the annual clinical consultation, the risk of falls and fractures of the elderly will show an upward trend. This is related to environmental factors such as reduced activity in winter, thick clothes and slippery roads, and also related to physical factors such as aging and degeneration of various organs of the elderly. Today we will focus on the problem of osteoporosis. According to the epidemiological survey of osteoporosis in 2018, 6% of male patients with osteoporosis over 50 years old, 32.1% of female patients, and 51.6% of female patients over 65 years old in China. Our country not only has a high proportion of osteoporosis population, but also does not pay enough attention to osteoporosis. The bone mineral density of people over 50 years old is only 3.7%. In fact, both men and women have entered the early stage of bone loss since the age of 40, and we should prevent osteoporosis from this time.

  1 minute self-examination of osteoporosis risk

  By answering the 1-minute osteoporosis risk test of the International Osteoporosis Foundation, you can quickly know whether you have the risk of osteoporosis.

  1. Parents have been diagnosed with osteoporosis or have been fractured after a light fall.

  2. One of the parents has a hunchback.

  3. The actual age is over 40 years old.

  4. Is there a fracture due to a light fall in adulthood?

  5. Do you often fall down (more than once last year) or worry about falling down because you are weak?

  Has the height decreased by more than 3 cm after 6.40 years old?

  7. Is it underweight (body mass index value is less than 19)

  8. Have you ever taken steroid hormones such as cortisone and prednisone for more than 3 months (cortisone is often used to treat asthma, rheumatoid arthritis and some inflammatory diseases)?

  9. Do you have rheumatoid arthritis?

  10. Have you been diagnosed with gastrointestinal diseases or malnutrition such as hyperthyroidism or hyperparathyroidism, type 1 diabetes, Crohn’s disease or celiac disease?

  11. Do you stop menstruating at or before the age of 45?

  12. Have you ever stopped menstruating for more than 12 months except pregnancy, menopause or hysterectomy?

  13. Did you have your ovaries removed before the age of 50 and didn’t take estrogen/progesterone supplements?

  14. Do you often drink a lot (drink more than two units of ethanol every day, which is equivalent to 570ml of beer, 240ml of wine or 60ml of spirits)?

  15. Currently used to smoking or used to smoke.

  16. Exercise less than 30 minutes a day (including doing housework, walking and running, etc.)

  17. Can’t you eat dairy products and don’t take calcium tablets?

  18. Have you been engaged in outdoor activities for less than 10 minutes every day and have not taken vitamin D?

  As long as the answer to one of the above questions is "yes", it is positive, suggesting the risk of osteoporosis, and suggesting bone mineral density testing or evaluating the risk of fracture.

  Bone mineral density detection is suitable for the following groups

  It is not necessary for everyone to do bone mineral density test. Compare the following self-test options to see if you need to have a bone mineral density test.

  1. Women over 65 years old and men over 70 years old, regardless of other risk factors for osteoporosis.

  2. Women under 65 and men under 70 have one or more risk factors for osteoporosis.

  ■ A slight collision or fall will cause a fracture.

  ■ Adults with low sex hormone levels caused by various reasons.

  ■ Those with diseases affecting bone metabolism or a history of using drugs affecting bone metabolism.

  ■ Patients receiving or planning long-term glucocorticoid treatment

  ■ Small and thin people

  ■ Long-term bedridden patients

  ■ People with chronic diarrhea

  ■ The answer to the 1-minute osteoporosis risk test is positive.

  Normal osteoporosis

  Remember "Five Origins and Three Stages" in Prevention and Control

  The prevention and treatment of osteoporosis should follow five principles. First, increase bone mass and increase bone peak value; The second is to delay bone loss; Third, inhibit secondary hyperparathyroidism; The fourth is to prevent the first fracture; Fifth, reasonable dietary structure and nutritional composition ratio, quitting bad eating habits, increasing calcium intake, participating in moderate exercise and increasing sunshine.

  Then, according to these five principles, the measures to prevent osteoporosis can be divided into three stages according to age: primary prevention, secondary prevention and tertiary prevention.

  The primary prevention of osteoporosis is to start from childhood, to reach the highest bone mass (peak bone mass) in one’s life from childhood and adolescence to around 30-35 years old, with the goal of avoiding or alleviating the occurrence of osteoporosis as much as possible. There are mainly the following measures.

  Reasonable dietary structure: milk is the most ideal calcium source, with 120mg of calcium per 100ml of fresh milk and a calcium absorption rate of 30%. The daily intake of calcium can be ensured by taking 500ml for adults, 750ml for children and 800ml for adolescents.

  Choose foods with high calcium content: sesame sauce, shrimp skin, dried seaweed, kelp, milk, bean products and cheese are all foods with high calcium content.

  Vitamin D intake: The daily intake of vitamin D is 400IU, and the vitamin D content in foods such as cod liver oil, canned sardines, egg yolk, shad and chicken liver is high. Sunlight irradiation is also one of the important ways to supplement vitamin D. Walking in soft sunshine for 40 minutes can ensure the vitamin D needed by the body. It is best to choose the irradiation time before 10 a.m. or after 3 p.m., so as to avoid too strong sunlight damaging the skin and eyesight.

  Moderate exercise: participating in moderate exercise is helpful to increase bone mass and increase the peak bone mass.

  Adhere to a healthy lifestyle: not addicted to alcohol and tobacco; Drink less coffee, strong tea and carbonated drinks; Less salt and less sugar.

  When people reach middle age, they reach the secondary prevention stage of osteoporosis. The core of prevention at this stage is to delay the loss of bone mass in middle age and try to avoid the first osteoporotic fracture. Women aged 40-49 and men aged 40-64 enter the prophase of bone loss: the annual bone loss rate of women is 0.4%-0.6% and that of men is 0.3%-0.5%. Women enter the period of rapid bone loss 1-10 years after menopause, and the rate of bone loss is obviously accelerated, while men do not have the period of rapid bone loss. In addition to food supplement, physical exercise and a good lifestyle, the main preventive methods need to be supplemented with vitamin D and appropriate calcium. The recommended intake of vitamin D for adults is 400IU/d, and the maximum tolerable intake is 2000IU/d. When vitamin D is used for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, the dosage is 800-1200IU/d..

  The tertiary prevention of osteoporosis is the stage of mending after the sheep is dead, mainly aimed at the elderly, which is mainly reflected in inhibiting bone resorption, reducing bone turnover rate and preventing accidental injuries and fractures. Osteoporosis can be treated by supplementing calcium and vitamin D and taking anti-osteoporosis drugs under the guidance of professional doctors, so as to avoid osteoporotic fractures and re-fractures as much as possible.

  Calcium supplementation alone cannot replace treatment.

  The daily calcium intake standard recommended by China Nutrition Association is: 400mg; from birth to 6 months; 600mg; for 6-12 months; 800-1200mg; under 10 years old; 11-24 years old 1200-1500mg;; 1400mg; for pregnant or lactating women over 19 years old; Postmenopausal and postmenopausal women who did not take estrogen 1500mg;; Take estrogen 1000mg; for postmenopausal and postmenopausal women; Middle-aged male 1000mg;; 1000-1500mg for the elderly.

  However, calcium supplementation alone cannot replace the treatment of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis patients can’t overcome the obstacle of calcium utilization by bones only by taking calcium orally, so they should be treated regularly under the guidance of doctors.

  About 30% of elderly people over 60 years old and postmenopausal women have gastric acid deficiency. If they have flatulence and constipation after taking calcium carbonate, they should change to calcium citrate. The absorption of calcium citrate is independent of gastric acid and can prevent kidney calculi, which is especially suitable for those with gastric acid deficiency.

  However, whether calcium supplementation is needed or not should be decided by consulting a specialist in a regular hospital and doing a bone mineral density examination. There is a threshold for calcium absorption. Excessive supplementation is not only a waste, but also can lead to kidney calculi’s disease, ectopic calcification and atherosclerosis. Kidney calculi, patients with advanced bone metastasis, hypercalcemia and cardiac and renal insufficiency are forbidden to supplement calcium.

  (Author: Deputy Chief Physician, Center for Orthopedics, Osteoporosis and Bone Metabolic Diseases, Peking University Third Hospital)

The United Nations Security Council held its first meeting on artificial intelligence, and China put forward five principles of governance.

  UN Security Council Secretary-General Guterres called for the establishment of a global regulatory body to supervise artificial intelligence, in much the same way as other institutions supervise aviation, climate and nuclear energy. The proposed institution is composed of artificial intelligence experts, sharing their expertise with government and administrative agencies that may lack relevant technical knowledge.

  Zhang Jun, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, pointed out that in order to seek technological hegemony and build exclusive circles, some developed countries maliciously obstruct the technological development of other countries with various excuses and actions and artificially create technological barriers, which China resolutely opposes.

  On July 18th, local time, the UN Security Council held a high-level public meeting with the theme of "Opportunities and risks brought by artificial intelligence to international peace and security". Antonio guterres, Secretary-General of the Security Council, called for the establishment of a global regulatory body to supervise this new technology.

  This is the first time that the Security Council has held a meeting on artificial intelligence. Zhang Jun, Permanent Representative of China to the United Nations, put forward five principles on the governance of artificial intelligence: first, adhere to ethics first; second, adhere to safety and controllability; third, adhere to fairness and inclusiveness; fourth, adhere to openness and tolerance; and fifth, adhere to peaceful use.

  It is still far from reaching a legally binding resolution.

  On the same day, Guterres, Jack Clark, co-founder of Anthropic, an artificial intelligence startup, and Ceng Yi, a researcher at the Institute of Automation, China Academy of Sciences, gave a briefing.

  Guterres warned that artificial intelligence is playing a role in many fields, but it may also be used by malicious people, including using it for terrorism, inciting hatred and violence. He welcomed the call for the establishment of a new UN agency, saying it would help to maximize the role of artificial intelligence and better manage risks. He said that the artificial intelligence regulatory agency of the United Nations should standardize, supervise and enforce the rules of artificial intelligence, and the supervision method is roughly the same as that of other institutions in supervising aviation, climate and nuclear energy.

  At the meeting, diplomats and leading experts in the field of artificial intelligence explained to the Security Council the risks and threats of artificial intelligence technology, as well as its scientific and social benefits. They said that although the development speed of this technology is accelerating, there are still many unknowns. "It’s like making an engine without understanding the combustion principle." Clark said that private companies should not be the only creators and regulators of artificial intelligence.

  The body proposed by the Security Council is composed of experts in the field of artificial intelligence, who will share their expertise with government and administrative agencies that may lack technical knowledge to solve the threat of artificial intelligence.

  At present, it is still far from reaching a legally binding resolution on governance. However, most diplomats support the formulation of global governance mechanisms and international rules.

  James Cleverly, the British Foreign Secretary who presided over the meeting, said: "No country is immune from artificial intelligence, so we must involve the broadest alliance of international actors from all fields." Britain holds the rotating presidency of the Security Council this month.

  China: Oppose the use of artificial intelligence to seek military hegemony.

  Zhang Jun pointed out in his speech that artificial intelligence, as a "double-edged sword", is good or bad, good or evil, depending on how human beings use it, how to regulate it, and how to coordinate science, development and security. The international community should uphold the true spirit of multilateralism, conduct extensive dialogues, constantly build consensus, and explore the guiding principles for the governance of artificial intelligence. China supports the United Nations to play a central coordinating role in this regard, supports Secretary-General Guterres to convene in-depth discussions among all parties, and supports all countries, especially developing countries, to fully participate in and make contributions.

  Zhang Jun put forward five principles about artificial intelligence governance. First, adhere to ethics first. To ensure that artificial intelligence technology will always benefit mankind, we must take "people-oriented" and "intelligence for goodness" as the basic criteria to standardize the development direction of artificial intelligence and avoid this technology becoming a "runaway wild horse". On this basis, gradually establish and improve the artificial intelligence ethics, laws and regulations and policy system.

  The second is to adhere to safety and controllability. There are many uncertainties in the development and application of artificial intelligence related technologies, and safety is the bottom line that must be kept. The international community should strengthen risk awareness, establish an effective risk early warning and response mechanism, ensure that risks beyond human control do not occur, ensure that machines do not kill themselves, and ensure that humans have the ability to press the stop button at critical moments.

  Guterres said on the same day that the United Nations must reach a legally binding agreement before 2026 to ban the use of artificial intelligence in automated war weapons.

  The third is to adhere to fairness and inclusiveness. Zhang Jun said that developing countries’ equal access to and utilization of artificial intelligence technologies, products and services is essential to bridge the technological gap, digital gap and development gap between North and South. In order to seek hegemony in science and technology and build an exclusive circle, some developed countries maliciously obstruct the technological development of other countries with various excuses and actions and artificially create barriers to science and technology. China firmly opposes this.

  The fourth is to adhere to openness and tolerance. The development of science and technology should achieve a relative balance between promoting technological progress and ensuring safe application. The best way is to maintain open cooperation, encourage interdisciplinary, cross-disciplinary, cross-regional and cross-border exchanges and dialogues, oppose various forms of "small courtyard walls" and "decoupling and breaking chains", and create an open, inclusive, fair and non-discriminatory environment for scientific and technological development.

  The fifth is to adhere to peaceful use. It is necessary to focus on tapping the potential of artificial intelligence in promoting sustainable development, promoting cross-disciplinary integration and innovation, and better empowering global development. The Security Council can deeply study the application and influence of artificial intelligence in conflict situations and take measures to enrich the United Nations peace toolbox. All countries should uphold a responsible national defense policy and oppose the use of artificial intelligence to seek military hegemony and undermine the sovereignty and territorial integrity of other countries.

  Zhang Jun said that China adheres to the concept of the community of human destiny and has always participated in the global cooperation and governance of artificial intelligence with a highly responsible attitude, and has successively submitted two position papers on the military application and ethical governance of artificial intelligence on the UN platform. China is willing to work with the international community to actively implement global development initiatives, global security initiatives and global civilization initiatives in the field of artificial intelligence, adhere to development priorities, safeguard common security, promote cross-cultural exchanges and cooperation, join hands with countries to share artificial intelligence technological achievements, and jointly prevent and respond to risk challenges.

I’ve been invisible for several years, and the folding screen is ok again.

Text | Deep Eyes Finance Zhang Wei

The folding screen caught fire in 2022 and the fire spread all the way to 2023.

The title of "the first year of folding screen" was born in 2022, one of the reasons is the high growth of folding screen shipments in 2022. According to IDC data, in the third quarter, China shipped more than 1 million folding screens, up about 246% year-on-year.

More importantly, this transcript of the folding screen was achieved in an environment of overall decline in smartphone shipments. According to the consulting data of Ai Media, the overall shipment volume of China mobile phone market will drop from 560 million in 2016 to 310 million in 2020. In 2021, mobile phone shipments rebounded slightly, but the overall environment is still not optimistic, with an annual shipment of only 350 million units.

It is not only the China market that participates in this folding screen carnival. According to Counterpoint research report, it is estimated that the global folding screen mobile phone market will increase by 52% year-on-year in 2023, reaching 22.7 million units.

You know, since the birth of the folding screen mobile phone, it has always been a niche track because of its relatively small market share, average sales volume and general market response.

When it was launched in the early years, it was also vomited by users because of the high price, obvious screen creases and heavy weight. Then, why did the folding screen, which was not welcomed by capital and market before, grow against the trend this year?

1. Capital betting, folding screen to become a new story?

Behind the fierceness of folding screen mobile phones is the embarrassment that mobile phone manufacturers urgently need to grow.

In the downturn of consumer market, the butterfly effect of mobile phone consumers is triggered: consumers who have no money in their belts naturally reduce their demand for mobile phones, and their replacement rate drops, which leads to a downward trend in mobile phone shipments. From January to November 2022, the total shipments of mobile phones in the domestic market totaled 244 million units, down 20.2% year-on-year.

In this context, as a relatively new product form, folding screen has become a "life-saving straw" in the mobile phone industry, and major mobile phone manufacturers have taken this opportunity to get involved in folding screen mobile phones.

At present, almost all mainstream mobile phone manufacturers have released new folding screen mobile phones, including Huawei’s Pocket S, Samsung’s Galaxy Z Flip4, OPPO’s Find N, Xiaomi’s Mix Fold2, VIVO’s X Fold+, etc., and the competition is fierce.

In 2022, Samsung, Huawei, OPPO, VIVO, Xiaomi and other mobile phone manufacturers released more than 10 folding screen mobile phones. According to the current news, there will be many new folding screen machines released in 2023, and even Apple has rumors that it will release folding screen smart phones in 2023.

In the past, high-end machines competed for chips, image capabilities, screen refresh rates, etc. Now, due to the involvement of smartphones in the Red Sea, technologies have entered a mature stage, and these technologies have been decentralized to low-end machines.

Although mobile phone manufacturers bet on the folding screen market, the herd effect is not fully applicable to consumers. In the era of information explosion, consumers are no longer the lambs to be slaughtered who are completely obedient to others.

On the one hand, from the perspective of mobile phone form, the design of folding screen is more futuristic. Compared with the previous folding screen mobile phones, the subdivision of scenes is one of the factors contributing to the growth of folding screen mobile phones, which means that folding screen mobile phones can radiate a wider range of people, and their product design, size, thickness and operation are different from business scenes, car scenes and game fields.

For example, OPPO Find N2 has not only paid attention to the internal and external screens, but also started to cut into the half-folded hovering, so that the mobile phone has a natural bracket, which brings more brand-new experiences to users from entertainment, and is more abundant in watching videos, photography and other leisure games.

Another example is Huawei’s main "folding screen meta-universe", which starts from smart life and exerts its strength on the external screen, and can obtain the weather, payment, camera, application and other dynamics without unfolding the screen. It can be said that the segmentation scene of the folding screen has jointly contributed to the shipment.

At the same time, the product forms of horizontal folding inner screen, horizontal folding outer screen and vertical folding screen also meet the habits and preferences of different people.

On the other hand, high-end is the only way for most industries to mature, and the mobile phone industry is no exception. According to relevant data, the average selling price of mobile phones in China market has increased from 1500-2000 yuan to 3000 yuan. The sales volume is falling, the average selling price is rising, and high-end mobile phones are increasingly favored by consumers.

In order to enhance the competitiveness of products, mobile phone companies are gradually abandoning the original sea tactics and moving towards the "fine machine" mode. According to the data released by China Xintong Institute, from January to October 2022, there were 308 new models on domestic brands, down 10% year-on-year.

The folding screen just meets the needs of users’ high-end machines. However, compared with the "puffy" folding screen four years ago, the folding screen now is more "material".

Previous folding screens always revolved around two problems: poor quality and high price. The report on the development trend of GFK China Folding Screen Smartphone released in 2022 shows that weight and price are still the core issues that prevent users from buying folding phones.

At the same time, according to the survey data of Ai Media Consulting, nearly 80% of the interviewed users buy folding screen mobile phones for entertainment needs, and the reason why the interviewed users don’t buy folding screen mobile phones is that they are expensive, accounting for 59.5%.

Under the focus of mobile phone manufacturers, according to the folding screen mobile phones recently launched by mobile phone manufacturers, today’s folding screen mobile phones are lighter, cheaper and have stronger endurance. For example, on December 25th, OPPO released the new folding screen flagship machine-—OPPO Find N2, which weighs only 233g and costs less than 9000 yuan.

Like the flagship machine Pocket S launched by Huawei, the weight is controlled at 190 grams while maintaining the screen size; Samsung Galaxy Z Fold4 is only 263 grams; Xiaomi’s MIX Fold weighs only 262 grams. Nowadays, almost all folding screens have controlled the weight below 300 grams, which makes it more convenient for users to use.

The price problem doesn’t stop there, and the price will remain downward. According to the Counterpoint research report, in view of the increasingly fierce competition in the folding screen smartphone market, it is expected that its price will be more close to the people in 2023. It can be said that the folding screen mobile phone confirms its "worth" step by step.

2. Self-developed core parts, "cost reduction" achieved initial results.

In order to change the status quo and make the folding screen realize another spring in the mobile phone industry, mobile phone manufacturers choose to break through from the upstream of the industrial chain.

Previously, in the folding screen mobile phone industry, Samsung not only dominated the industry, but also controlled the main components. According to Fomalhaut Techno Solution in the report, Huawei folding mobile phones Mate Xs and Xiaomi Mix Fold both use flexible screens made by Samsung, and Korean parts account for about 30% ~ 50% of the total.

According to the Monitoring Report of Folding Screen Mobile Phone Industry in China in 2022, the quality problem is the biggest concern for users to buy folding screens. Among the quality problems concerned by consumers, the crease of mobile phone is the most concerned, and hinge technology is the key to the crease problem.

And the main cost of folding screen mobile phone is 69% higher than that of non-folding mobile phone, of which the main cost comes from hinge and screen. According to the data of CGS—CIMB, the BOM cost of Galaxy Fold, Samsung’s first-generation folding screen mobile phone, was 636.7 USD, of which the display module cost was 218.8 USD, accounting for 34.4%, and the mechanical/electromechanical structure cost was 87.5 USD, accounting for 13.7%.

The display module cost of Samsung’s bar phone Galaxy S9+ accounts for 21%, and the mechanical/electromechanical structure cost accounts for 7.9%. From the perspective of BOM cost, screens and hinges are the main sources of the increase in the cost of folding screens.

In order to eliminate "bad reviews" and prevent key parts such as hinges and flexible screens from getting stuck in the neck, China brand has been gradually realized.Domestic substitution. The data shows that the number of patent applications related to folding screen hinge technology in China is on the rise, and the number of patent applications related to folding screen hinge in China is 160 in 2020.

At present, independent research and development of hinge technology has gradually become the core solution of mainstream terminal factories. According to the incomplete statistics of the potential silver optical chain, the hinge technology of various terminal factories has been constantly breaking through and innovating with the release of products, such as the aerospace-grade floating silver hinge of VIVO and the double-rotating eagle wing hinge of Huawei.

On the other hand, the folding screen mobile phone on the market has been optimized from 100,000 times in the early stage to 400,000 times, which is obviously improved.

According to the forecast of relevant industry organizations, the global hinge market for folding screen mobile phones will be 1.267 billion yuan in 2021, and it is expected to increase by 136.8% year-on-year to 2.999 billion yuan in 2022, which shows that hinge technology is the focus of the current breakthrough of folding screen.

Moreover, the domestic upstream display industry has achieved breakthroughs in technology, manufacturing and market, and domestic panel manufacturers such as BOE, Shentianma, TCL Huaxing and Visionox have accelerated the innovation and mass production of flexible screens. According to Omdia data, the global OLED production capacity is expected to increase from 31.51 million square meters in 2021 to 75 million square meters in 2027.

Including the optimization of appearance, Samsung has weakened the width of the hinge and the black edge of the screen, accounting for the external screen of the Galaxy Z Fold.

Judging from the recently released new products, the functions of folding screen mobile phones have become more and more perfect, such as the newly released X Fold+ of VIVO, which continues the characteristics of VIVO bar mobile phones, focusing on battery life and fast charging functions. Similarly, the latest Find N2 released by OPPO also has the function of improving endurance and satisfying fast charging.

3. Has the problem of folding screen been solved?

The folding screen mobile phone market has maintained growth for several consecutive quarters, and the growth rate in the third quarter of this year has also reached a new high. In the forecasts of various institutions, the folding screen market is expected to grow significantly.

So, can this situation be maintained, and who is buying a folding screen mobile phone?

The market is inseparable from the word supply and demand. If there is supply, there will be demand.

From the demand side, users as a whole are younger. The data shows that the young people under the age of 35 among the latest folding screen mobile phone users have increased significantly, accounting for 58.2%. Therefore, the supply and demand sides change rapidly in functions such as battery life and thinness.

In addition, according to the daily interactive big data, users of folding screen mobile phones not only have high requirements for mobile phones, but also have certain pursuits for quality of life. For example, they love to use life sharing apps such as Little Red Book and Public Comment.

From the demand side, the folding screen mobile phone has gradually developed from the ready to the development stage. The oversized screen is no longer as "chicken ribs" as before, but has derived more entertainment, business and other performances in terms of user needs.

However, after a year of focus, have the problems of folding screen phones really been solved?

Of course not. In the process of development, any industry will inevitably encounter different problems.

Even though the folding screen market has maintained growth for several consecutive quarters, the reason for maintaining high growth lies more in the focus of mobile phone manufacturers and the small market scale.

On the whole, the optimization of folding screen market has achieved initial results, but the problem has not really been solved. Different from the big step forward of the industrial chain, the recognition degree of folding screen is still at a low level, whether from product design to personal experience.

Judging from the black cat complaint data, most complaints about folding screen mobile phones are still focused on screen quality.

At present, most social platforms are still full of spit on folding screen mobile phones, and some of the reasons for spit are still the problems that were spit out a few years ago, including but not limited to screen off-line, liquid leakage, black spots and so on.

The main frequency of the folding screen model is not as durable as that of the integrated model, and the damage degree is higher. What is more "fatal" is that the follow-up maintenance cost is also higher. Taking Samsung’s latest Z Flod4 as an example, the price of the inner screen+outer screen assembly has reached 4,460 yuan, even for the lower-priced Samsung ZFILIP 4, the assembly price of the inner and outer screens also needs 2,460 yuan.

In the solution to the screen, the practice of major mobile phone manufacturers is to launch a broken screen saver service. Like Huawei’s Pocket S and VIVO’s Fold+, the official broken screensaver price is as high as 1199. The broken screensaver is not only high in price, but also guaranteed for only one year, which invisibly increases the follow-up cost of consumers.

The development of folding screen is also in line with the "first cause effect". In the early stage of development, due to the product’s too small, high price, fragile screen and other problems, it brought a deep negative impression to consumers, which led to the difficulty of market education in the later stage and the low recognition of the product.

One of the key problems is that the crease of mobile phone has not been verified by the market.

Even with the rapid development of hinge technology, the current folding screen market is still in the development stage. The major mobile phone manufacturers have launched newly upgraded folding screen mobile phones for more than one year, while the average service life of a mobile phone is three years.

The screen material will accelerate the aging speed after being folded for a long time. Although official website publicizes that the current flexible screen can be folded for 500,000 times, it does not rule out the possibility that the screen will be folded because of repeated folding.

According to the observation of "Deep Eyes Finance", the folding screen mobile phone just changes the product form, its functional integrity is not as good as that of the straight smart phone, and the improved functions are basically corresponding to the straight smart phone.

The main highlights of folding screen are split screen and multi-video viewing, but these requirements are not just needed by users and are irreplaceable.

As a high-end series product that has been tempered in the market for four years, its underlying logic is undoubtedly to meet the premise that "the folding screen is indeed better than the ordinary straight mobile phone".

Compared with the straight mobile phone, the straight mobile phone with the same price is obviously better from the processor. For example, Huawei’s Pocket S is equipped with 4G Snapdragon 778 processor, and the price starts at 5988. The P50 released by Huawei last year was equipped with Snapdragon 888 processor, and the price was only 4,088 when it was released.

Hard power is important, and soft power is indispensable. On the whole, the folding screen mobile phone still has a large market space, but when imagining the future, we should also study how to meet the demand side and strive for a larger market share.

The way of reading in the eyes of academicians

  "Looking at today’s society, the fragmentation trend of reading is relatively strong. This way of learning is short and fast, and knowledge is acquired quickly and lost quickly. If you want to read some classic works, it takes a lot of time and energy, but the results are also great. " Recently, Liu Jiaqi, an octogenarian academician of the China Academy of Sciences and a volcanic geologist and Quaternary geologist, shared his "way of reading" with the public at the National Library’s "Mr.’ s Study" activity.

  "Reading can not only increase knowledge and talents, broaden horizons, but also cultivate sentiment and gain spiritual enjoyment." Liu jiaqi said that when he was a child, reading was a luxury. Reading is difficult, borrowing books is difficult. At that time, he also thought that he could be a librarian in the future, and reading might be more convenient.

  In Liu Jiaqi’s view, reading is the way to grow up. His fate is also changed by reading. "My road to study, as Qu Yuan’s poem says, ‘ It’s a long way to go in Xiu Yuan, and I will go up and down for it ’ 。”

  Under difficult conditions, Liu Jiaqi went all the way from primary school to university, and later went to graduate school, but still felt that what he had learned was limited. In 1978, 10 years after graduation, Liu Jiaqi took the postgraduate exam again and came to Beijing. "I turned 40 when I was 30, and I wanted to drive back the past 10 years."

  After careful calculation, Liu Jiaqi spent 27 years and 8 months as a student. "Reading is very important for the growth of my life." Liu Jiaxuan said. About how to read? He summed up some experiences.

  First of all, we should be clear about the purpose of reading. To be wise and skilled, be determined to be a man first, and be determined to be a man first; Don’t fish for three days and dry the net for two days when reading.

  In the process of reading, we should pay attention to methods and think. "It is better if you can find faults in books." Liu Jiaqi said that reading should be selective, and it is necessary to read good books and classics; It is necessary to combine professional books with non-professional books, scientific books with artistic books, and systematic books with fragmented information. Don’t always indulge in fragmented information.

  "Reading is not only about growing up, but more importantly, making contributions to the country in the future." Liu Jiaqi studied earth science, and he told young people that in the process of studying, they should also specialize in one line and love another.

  "I have learned some scientific principles and the principles of being a man through reading, so now I can become a scientific worker and make some contributions to the country." Liu Jiaqi admits that he can study and learn something because of the cultivation of the party, so he should give back to the society.

  "I hope my friends can read more books and read good books, improve their scientific literacy, develop their scientific undertakings and build a better country." Liu Jiaxuan said.

The small plane was chased by the US military plane and eventually crashed. The information on the crew was revealed!

  BEIJING, June 5 (Xinhua)-According to foreign media reports, on the 4th local time, a light plane was suspected to have broken into the sky above Washington, USA, and was chased by American fighter planes at high speed. The light plane eventually crashed in Virginia, and the identity of the owner and crew of the plane attracted attention.

  According to The Washington Post and The New York Times, this plane is a private business plane registered with a company named Encore Motors of Melbourne in Florida, USA.

  Image source: The New York Times report screenshot

  American media contacted the company’s operator, 75-year-old John Roupell, by telephone. He revealed that his daughter, two-year-old granddaughter, nanny and pilot were all on the plane.

  John Roupell said he knew little about the crash. He said in a choked voice that if the plane loses pressure, "they will all fall asleep and never wake up again … … I don’t think they have found the wreckage yet. It drops at a speed of 20,000 feet per minute, and no one can survive in this situation. "

  The Daily Beast, an American news website, noted that Barbara Roupell, the wife of John Roupell, was registered as the president of Encore Motors of Melbourne, but she declined to comment.

  According to the records of the Federal Election Commission obtained by this website, Mr. and Mrs. John Roupell are both well-known business people in Florida. In the past few years, they have donated money to many Republican candidates running for federal office, including hundreds of thousands of dollars to former President Trump and his political organization.

  According to the report, public information shows that Barbara Roupell is also a long-term member of the National Rifle Association (NRA). Since 2002, she has been a member of the NRA Women’s Leadership Committee.

  On the 4th local time, a Cessna light plane was suspected to have broken into the sky above Washington, and the US F-16 jet fighter scrambled for high-speed pursuit, causing a sonic boom over the US capital. During this period, the US military tried to establish contact with the pilots on Cessna plane.

  According to the statement of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Cessna plane took off from Elizabethan, Tennessee on the 4th and was scheduled to fly to Long Island, new york. But inexplicably, the plane turned around over Long Island and plummeted over Washington, D.C.. The plane later crashed in the mountains of southwest Virginia.

  It is not clear why the Cessna plane did not respond to the control of the authorities, and it is not clear why it crashed.

Two Apple 16 yuan netizens shouted: I can’t afford fruit this year.

  Recently, many people have found that the price of fruits has gone up. Fruits such as litchi and cherries, which are usually relatively expensive, are even more expensive than "don’t want to buy" … … According to the data released by the Nutrition Society of China recently, the average daily fruit intake of urban and rural residents in China is at a low level, so experts suggest that a person should eat one catty of vegetables and half a catty of fruit every day. In this regard, the online discussion group went astray, "Fruit is more expensive than meat", which expressed the voice of many netizens in one sentence.

  Fruit is more expensive than meat.

  Netizen: "My heart hurts when I eat."

  Yang Yuexin, chairman of the China Nutrition Society, pointed out that fruits and vegetables provide the human body with daily essential vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, plant compounds and other nutrients, and are an important part of a reasonable diet. Insufficient intake of fruits and vegetables will increase the morbidity and mortality of hypertension, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Ma Guansheng, vice chairman of the Nutrition Society of China, even suggested that we should ensure that there are vegetables in meals and fruits every day, and one should eat one catty of vegetables and half a catty of fruits every day. Unexpectedly, for this statement, many netizens have exploded, and the topic has gone astray collectively. Listen to the personal experience of netizens:

  "peaches are 20 yuan a catty, and you can’t afford fruit in Hainan"; "Nectarine is 15 yuan a catty, and the taste is still average"; "Six little mango 58 yuan, really can’t afford it"; "A quarter of a watermelon is 17 yuan, which hurts when you eat it"; "Even the unpretentious apples have gone up in price. The total price of two apples with average appearance and taste is 15.98 yuan, almost 8 yuan each. Can you believe it?" Judging from everyone’s feedback, the most "kind" banana is: "Just three bananas are more than a catty, and all the others have started with six pieces. I really can’t afford it."

  Netizens like rabbits sleeping standing up: I can’t afford to eat, and now fruit is more expensive than meat. The glory of the king, a netizen, beat his younger brother: Now the price of fruit is almost catching up with that of seafood. I can’t afford it, so I can only eat one and a half kilos of vegetables.

  The reporter visited the retail terminal

  Three apples are equal to a catty of pork belly.

  On the 14th, the reporter visited several farmers’ markets and supermarkets in Chengdu. The price tag on the fruit and what the vendors said confirmed this: the price of fruit is indeed a bit high recently.

  In a chain supermarket, a catty of cherries is 50 yuan, and a randomly weighed cherry is 1.25 yuan, which can buy an egg with a moderate price; A catty of red Fuji 9.9 yuan, the price of three red Fuji apples can buy a catty of pork belly; Peaches are 16.8 yuan a catty, and the prices of three peaches and a catty of pork belly are also quite the same. "The most expensive is cherries, 50 yuan/kg, cherry 35 yuan/kg, mangosteen 25 yuan/kg, and the cheapest banana is 5 yuan/kg." In an ordinary farmer’s market in Jinjiang District, a fruit merchant told reporters that even the most common apples have sold to 11 yuan for 1 catty, which is several pieces higher than the price at this time last year. In the store next door, the price of cherries has reached 70 yuan/Jin. Vendors say that all the fruits sold in the store are seasonal, and if they are sold out of season, the price is more expensive. "Since the beginning of this year, the price of fruit has risen sharply, and our business is not good." In the farmer’s market, the vendors frowned. As for the reasons, they are not very clear.

  On a nationwide scale, the prices of various fruits are on the rise. According to the monitoring of "National Agricultural Products Wholesale Market Price Information System" of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, among fruits, the biggest increase is Red Fuji apple. Since mid-March, the ring has been showing a year-on-year growth trend, and in the past two weeks, the year-on-year increase has even exceeded 40%. In addition, after the Spring Festival, the price of bananas has been higher than that of the same period last year, and the price of watermelons has been rising year-on-year for nearly two months.

  The fruit retail data released recently in many places also point to the same result: price increase. For example, according to the information released by the Guangdong Provincial Department of Commerce, the average retail price of fruits increased by 0.2% from May 6 to May 12. Due to the rainy weather last week, the transportation and storage costs of fruits increased slightly, driving the overall price of fruits to rise. According to the data of Guangxi Department of Commerce, from May 6 to May 12, the retail price of fruits was 9.46 yuan/kg, and the price increased by 1.94% from the previous month. Among the seven retail fruit varieties monitored, the retail prices of apples, grapes, pears, watermelons and lychees rose.


  Why is fruit so expensive this year?

  Too much rain during the flowering period of Longquan loquat leads to reduced production.

  "The price of loquat is good this year, and the bad ones are removed, and the large and small fruits are packaged and sold. 10 yuan weighs a catty, which is twice as high as last year." Zeng Xinjian is a big loquat planter in Longquan industrial and rural areas, planting 20 mu of loquat. Due to the weather, there is too much rain at the flowering stage of loquat, which leads to insufficient flower bud differentiation, low fruiting rate and nearly half of loquat yield. "In the past, it was possible to produce 1,500 kg to 2,000 kg per mu, but now it is reduced by about 1,000 kg per mu, and the overall output is reduced by at least 40%." Zeng Xinjian said that at the end of April, loquat was about to mature, entered the last expansion period, and suffered from high temperature. The loquat facing the sun all showed "sun scars" to varying degrees. "The taste of this kind of loquat has not changed, but the appearance is very poor, and the purchaser will not want it. It must be picked out when picking." Zeng Xinjian said that as a result, the output has dropped by tens of thousands of Jin, making the overall output drop by 60%, the output drop and the price of loquat rise, making his income this year lower than last year. "Last year, it was able to sell for 120,000 yuan, and this year it is estimated to be only 80,000 yuan."

  Zhang Wenxiang, director of the workers’ and peasants’ villages, said that there are 2,000 mu of loquat planting areas in industrial and rural areas. At present, the purchase price is from 10 yuan to 12 yuan/kg. Due to weather factors, the overall output has dropped this year, but the price has doubled compared with the same period last year. "It is estimated that the income of villagers this year will be the same as last year."

  Large watermelon growers switched jobs, resulting in reduced production.

  At 4 o’clock in the afternoon, Chengdu Pengzhou Mengyang Fruit Wholesale Market was deserted. Last year, the watermelon area where Ren Dajie was located was not like this.

  "Even at this time last year, the watermelons were sold from one end to the other." Sister Ren has been engaged in watermelon business for more than ten years. This year, the price of watermelon is really high and "affordable". At present, Chengdu basically sells local watermelons in Dayi. It has been sold for half a month since 3.1 yuan/Jin -3.3 yuan/Jin, which was listed in early May, and the wholesale price is still maintained at 2.5 yuan/Jin -2.6 yuan/Jin.

  "In previous years, just two or three pieces were listed. In a few days, a large number of watermelons were listed, and they immediately fell to a few hairs." Ren Dajie said that the main reason is the reduction of production. In the past few years, the price of watermelon continued to be low. Last year, it suffered from floods. Large growers lost money year after year, and large growers in other places retreated and changed careers, resulting in a decline in production, at least by half. "As soon as the price is high, many people will stop eating, and fewer people will buy melons."

  Apple and pear suffered from frost during flowering period, resulting in reduced production.

  Speaking of the prices of apples and pears, Deng Darong, who has been a fruit wholesaler for 30 years, said, "It is rare for decades, and the price has risen fiercely, quickly and greatly." Deng Darong said that the apples sold in the market are all from Jingning County, Gansu Province. At present, the wholesale price of apples varies according to the size of the fruit, and the price is 5 yuan/Jin -8 yuan Jin. The reason is that in April last year, when the apple bloomed, the northern part suffered from frost, the fruit setting rate was low, and the output was significantly reduced by 2/3, and the appearance was not good. Since it was purchased and put into storage last year, all localities began to snap up, and the purchase price per Jin was higher than that of previous years. This year,

  "When the output is small, all localities are grabbing goods, and the price is even higher when they grab it." Deng Darong said that in addition to apples, there are pears and other fruits affected by frost. He predicted that although apples and pears are out of stock at present, there is little room for future price increases. "It has reached the peak, and the possibility of rising again is very small."

  Insufficient nutrition of litchi and other reasons lead to reduced production.

  For litchi, this year is a veritable small year. At present, the litchi sold in Chengdu comes from Haikou, and the output has decreased by at least two-thirds. Now the wholesale price is 17 yuan/Jin -18 yuan/Jin. He Qun, the person in charge of Renping Fruit Industry Co., Ltd., said that litchi has a three-year cycle. The year before last and last year were bumper harvest years, and this year happens to be a small year for litchi. "The bumper harvest for two consecutive years has excessively consumed the nutrition of branches. In addition, last year, it was a warm winter in the south, and it was affected by rain, which directly led to a decrease in yield." She predicted that Guangdong litchi would be listed in the next few days, but it was also affected by the reduction in production, and the price dropped slightly, but there was not much room for decline.

  The origin of cherries is not large, and the price has been high over the years.

  And online celebrity fruit "cherries", He Qun said, this is a normal price, which is not much different from previous years. Recently, cherries sold for 70 to 80 yuan a catty, because cherries are produced in Shandong. "People produce early, the output is not big, and the price has been high over the years." He Qun said. Now Wenchuan and Hanyuan cherries have been listed, and the wholesale price is from 15 yuan/kg to 25 yuan/kg, and the price is not much different from previous years.


  National Bureau of Statistics: Prices will not remain high.

  The State Council Press Office held a press conference on the morning of 15th. Liu Aihua, spokesperson of the National Bureau of Statistics, introduced the national economic operation in April this year and answered relevant questions. Liu Aihua said that consumer prices rose by 2.5% in April, an increase of 0.2 percentage points over the previous month. The year-on-year increase of individual varieties has risen, and the year-on-year increase of pork, fresh vegetables and fresh fruits has exceeded 10%. There are two factors that led to the increase in April, one is the increase in pork prices, and the other is that fresh vegetables and fruits with strong seasonality are greatly affected by seasonality. Among them, from the price of fresh vegetables and fresh fruits, these two varieties are obviously affected by seasonal factors of extreme weather, and these seasonal short-term shocks are not sustainable, and the price increase of fresh vegetables and fresh fruits will not last at a high level. From these aspects, food prices have a stable foundation.