After Didi stopped serving at night, who benefited? Listen to what other car platform drivers have to say

  Since Saturday, Didi has suspended all online ride-hailing services at night, and passengers cannot use the Didi platform to order rides from 11am to 5am. However, the demand for night trips is not small, so who benefits from Didi’s policy? Are the drivers of other private car platforms "reaping benefits"?

  Taxi Driver: OK.

  "It’s very easy to pull at night now, you can earn an extra 200 yuan in one night!" A taxi driver told a Beijing Youth Daily reporter that after Didi stopped late-night service, he collected his car from 11pm to 2am, and could earn an extra 200 yuan a day.

  Another taxi driver said that he would "pick jobs" near 11 p.m. and choose "big orders" that are farther away, because after 11 p.m., he would be subject to the randomness of the promotion and could not choose for himself. He also said that there are many people who call a taxi when 11 p.m. is approaching. "There are people who add 10 yuan and 20 yuan."

  In interviews, many taxi drivers believe that the late-night outage of the Didi platform is "good" for them. On the one hand, passengers have no options such as express trains, and more people take taxis; on the other hand, there are still platforms such as Didi, Shouqi, and Feidi running, which can call taxis. If you want to pick big jobs, you are not completely dependent on Didi’s platform.

  Shenzhou driver: The order volume has increased, but it is not obvious

  A Chinese-owned driver said that after the Didi platform was suspended, the number of orders in the evening increased. "Before, I could pull about 3 in one night, but now it is almost doubled. But in fact, the money I earn has not increased too much, because the running time is limited after all, and the commission is not much." He said that he usually runs from 2pm to around 1am. Recently, after Didi stopped late-night service, the number of orders per night has increased relatively. "Before, sometimes I would wait for an hour to pull an order, but now there is no such long waiting time. But our commission for an order is about 20%, and I don’t get much personally."

  Another Shenzhou franchised driver said that Shenzhou and himself are purely platform-sharing relationships, "We take 65% of each order by ourselves, and the platform takes 35%. I came out to run for a day on the evening of the 8th, and I earned an extra 100 yuan." He also said that the mechanism of Shenzhou’s special car is that the driver can only see the destination of the passenger after receiving the order and arriving at the place where the passenger gets on the bus, and at night, some destinations are in the suburbs. Orders he is unwilling to run.

  Shouqi driver: The departure time is a personal habit and will not be easily changed

  Shouqi launched the "Night Guarantee Operation" on September 8, and carried out guarantees in Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other cities. A Shouqi driver told the Beijing Youth Daily that Shouqi called on the driver to leave the car from the 8th to the 15th, which is the stage of Didi’s night outage, to ensure the smooth and safe travel of passengers. For this, the company specially rewarded the driver who left the car.

  However, he also said that the reward amount is not very high. "It is about double the points, about 5 yuan for one order and 20 yuan for three orders." He believes that the protection action is more of a responsibility and moral incentive. "For drivers, if I run more, I have to stick gas and stay up late, so I can’t make much more money at night."

  Another driver of Shouqi’s car-booking said that because Shouqi’s car-booking vehicles belong to the company and the drivers are their own, most of them have a base salary of several thousand yuan, and they will only get extra commissions when they exceed the time and amount of work. In addition, the company only subsidizes part of the fuel cost, and the excess part has to be paid by themselves. Therefore, many drivers are not very motivated. "I usually choose to leave the car in the morning, because this can basically run two peaks in the morning and evening, almost 5 hours, and the income is relatively high. The company has adjusted the price, raising the price during peak hours and lowering the price during peak hours, so that the price during peak hours is almost the same as that of ordinary taxis."

  Beiqing Daily reporter inquired that from 7:00 am to 10:00 am and 5:00 pm to 7:00 pm every day are the peak hours for the first car to book a car. The mileage fee is 3.8 yuan/km, which is higher than 2.3 yuan/km during the peak hours, and the duration fee is 1.0 yuan/minute, which is also much higher than 0.2 yuan/minute during the peak hours. However, from 9:00 pm to 6:00 am, there is also a "night surcharge", which is charged 1.5 yuan/km and 0.8 yuan/minute, and the fee is the same as during peak hours. One driver said that the departure time is actually a matter of personal habits. "It will not change personal habits and work and rest just because Didi is out of service for a few days."

  Wen Jing, Beijing Youth Daily reporter

Original Ren Xianqi’s recent situation in the United States: Dinner with 54-year-old wife in Vietnamese restaurant, 18-year-old straight-A student daughter makes a rare appearance

On August 15, 57-year-old famous singer Ren Xianqi made a rare appearance in the United States. He took advantage of the break in his concert in the mainland to come to the United States with his 54-year-old wife and 18-year-old daughter!

This is where netizens met Ren Xianqi at a Vietnamese affordable restaurant in front of the University of Illinois in the United States. The 57-year-old Ren Xianqi looked like a young man from a distance, with black and straight hair. He wore short sleeves of more than 2,000 yuan, jeans, and high-top black shoes. He looked as cool as Yu Chengqing, really handsome, and still as down-to-earth as ever.

Compared to Jay Chou’s recent personality attire, it is obvious that Ren Xianqi is very peaceful and standardized:

Ren Xianqi stood at the door of the restaurant and saw that it was an ordinary small shop. Some netizens found that Ren Xianqi, his wife and daughter ordered a few simple side dishes, and each person spent about 10 dollars, which is equivalent to more than 70 yuan per capita consumption, which is not much different from the per capita consumption of small cities in the mainland.

Ren Xianqi looked at the menu carefully. His 18-year-old daughter made a rare appearance, wearing a ball head, handsome and delicate features, dressed in white clothes, looking dignified and tall, and her whole body was not carved.

Ren Xianqi’s daughter is a straight-A student. This time, she was admitted to this famous school in the United States to go to college. Ren Xianqi, who is very busy with concerts in the mainland, took the time to send her daughter to school in the United States.

This is a super famous school in the United States, our country’s director Ang Lee, as well as our country’s modern educator Tao Xingzhi, mathematician Hua Luogeng are all studying in this school, this school has produced more than 20 Nobel Prize winners!

His daughter was excellent, and when she was admitted to a famous American school, Ren Xianqi sang even harder. This should be due to the good education of Ren Xianqi and his wife Chen Zeyu. Just like Zhang Yimou’s son and Obama’s daughter went to the same university, Zhang Yimou was also very energetic in making movies!

Ren Xianqi is very peaceful everywhere, without the appearance of a star at all, and if someone takes a photo, he will not look like some celebrities. When he sees people taking pictures, he points at fans, and looks ferocious. He takes the initiative to greet fans. The local temperature is a little lower.

His 54-year-old wife also showed up. She was very reserved and low-key, with prominent eyes. She wore fashionable clothes, orange-red tops, socks, and denim shorts.

In 2002, when the 36-year-old Ren Xianqi was at the height of his career, he married 33-year-old Chen Zeyu, which shocked the entertainment industry. How could such a popular handsome man marry an ordinary woman?

It turned out that Ren Xianqi and his wife had known each other when they were in school. Ren Xianqi took a fancy to his wife’s inner show. They had been married for 21 years, and Ren Xianqi and his wife had been in love for 21 years.

Now Ren Xianqi and his wife have a pair of children, and their 18-year-old daughter has been admitted to a famous school. Ren Xianqi’s concert is very happy, and his wife continues to support her husband and children, and does a good job of helping her, and the family’s life is beautiful and happy. What else do you pursue in life?

Therefore, every time Ren Xianqi goes to a place, he goes to a small town to socialize with ordinary people. This is the scene of Ren Xianqi going to Xi’an Hui Street for dinner. He ordered a double mutton steamed bun and ate it crazily, praising Ren Xianqi repeatedly!

After Ren Xianqi settled his daughter into school in the United States, he returned to prepare for the next concert and continue to earn money.

Do you like Ren Xianqi? Why are the children he nurtures very down-to-earth and excellent?

Responsible editor:

618 Which TVs are cost-effective? The budget is 2000-5000 yuan, and these nine can be "bought with your eyes closed".

Every year on 618, the TV industry’s internal volume is also quite serious, and many TVs will experience price plunge. At this time, a lower price can get a better configuration and a better experience. So, during the 618 period in 2024, the budget is 2000-5000 yuan. What TV to buy is cost-effective and more cost-effective. It doesn’t blow or black. The following models are recommended for everyone. It is recognized that it is cost-effective, and there are almost no bad reviews. You can "buy it with your eyes closed". Everyone is welcome to like and collect.

1. TCL65V8E

Reference price: 2099 yuan

This TV has 4K resolution and supports 120Hz high brush. This TV offers a 2GB + 32GB large memory combination, uses a quad-core A55 classic processor, and uses the TXR image quality enhancement engine as an auxiliary when the price is so affordable. This TV supports AI far-field voice control and supports 6 screen projection methods.

This TV has no boot ads, using a metal full screen design, more exquisite workmanship, this TV supports dual-band WiFi, and has Rheinland low blue light eye protection certification, image quality is good.

2. FFALCON Thunderbird, Crane 6 Pro 24 55S585C Pro

Reference price: 2899 yuan

This is a rare flagship processor TV at the same price. It uses a powerful quad-core A73 architecture high-performance processor with a combination of 4GB + 64GB of large memory, ensuring excellent performance and smooth system experience. The image quality of this TV is also good. It uses Mini-LED backlight technology, and its 55-inch version has 384 light control zones and peak brightness of 1300nit.

This screen also realizes up to 95% DCI-P3 wide color gamut, with troublesome standard colors, it supports MEMC motion compensation function, supports VRR variable refresh rate, and has ALLM low latency mode. It can bring a smooth gaming experience and movie viewing enjoyment. Due to its backing on TCL, this TV also has no boot ads. Supports far-field voice control function, and the price/performance ratio is also very good.

3. Xiaomi TV S65 Mini LED 65 inches

Reference price: 3499 yuan

This TV uses a 65-inch 4K resolution VA panel and a Mini-LED display technology. It is currently the most cost-effective 65-inch HDR TV. It has 392 light control zones and 1200nit peak brightness, which can bring a more realistic picture reality effect and viewing experience. Its screen supports 144Hz high brush and MEMC motion compensation. While maintaining a smooth picture, the details are also richer.

This TV is equipped with a four-core A73 processor, provides a 4GB + 64GB large memory combination, and comes with a surging OS system pre-installed, making the linkage between devices more convenient. It has dual HMDI 2.1 lessons, supports VRR and ALLM technologies, and plays games more smoothly, clearly and naturally. Its screen realizes a 94% P3 wide color gamut, with 16bit color depth, and the experience is also good in all aspects.

4. Xiaomi TV S Pro 65 inches

Reference price: 4499 yuan

This TV uses Huaxing Optoelectronics 4K VA soft screen, and also uses Mini LED backlight technology. Its 65-inch version has 896g light control partition, peak brightness of 2200nit, and supports 144Hz high brush, realizing DLG technology. It is a product recognized as cost-effective at 4000 price points. It uses a four-core A73 architecture high-performance chip with a 4GB + 64GB large memory combination.

Color cover, the screen also realizes a 94% P3 wide color gamut, and supports phosphor technology. This TV also supports VRR, ALLM, and MEMC motion compensation, which is almost a blessing for gamers. It supports WiFi 6 network protocol, built-in ambient light sensor, can intelligently adjust the screen brightness, pre-installed Surging OS system, Xiao Ai can also bring a good experience.

5. TCL 65T7K

Reference price: 4299 yuan

As a chip born in 2024, its price is also relatively close to the people. Compared with the T7H, the configuration upgrade is obvious. It adopts a more advanced Mini LED display technology, with 512 light control partitions, peak brightness of 1600nit, and can achieve 4K 144Hz full channel high brush function. This TV also has MEMC motion compensation function. Playing games can bring a smoother experience.

This TV is equipped with a four-core A73 architecture high-performance chip and uses 2.1-channel HiFi-level professional audio. It provides a combination of 4GB + 64GB large memory and a metal full-screen design, which gives people a more atmospheric feeling. It supports NFC and dual-band WiFi. There are no ads when it is turned on. It supports 7 ways of efficient screen projection. It is worth recommending.

6. TCL 55Q9K 55 inches

Reference price: 4199 yuan

This is an upgraded version of the TCL Q10G Pro. The configuration has been greatly improved, but the price is very close to the people, and the cost performance is very high. It also uses Huaxing Optoelectronics 4K resolution V-ah soft screen and Mini LED backlight technology. It has 720 light control partitions, and the XDR peak brightness has reached 2400nit. In TVs of the same price, the cost performance can be described as explosive.

This TV is also equipped with a four-core A73 architecture flagship chip, with a 4GB + 64GB large memory combination, it supports WiFi 6, also has 144Hz high brush function, has DLG frequency doubling technology, has a wide color gamut of 98% DCI-P3 quantum dots, and the image quality is quite delicate and pleasing. It also supports a variety of efficient screen projection, and the core experience is excellent.

7. Hisense 65E5N PRO

Reference price: 3999 yuan

This is also a popular model launched this year. It is equipped with a 65-inch VA soft screen, the same 4K resolution, and uses Mini LED backlight technology. It has excellent image performance, with 336 light control zones and a peak brightness of 1300nit. It realizes a 93% DCI-P3 wide color gamut, which can better restore colors and bring smart and pleasant color display. Its screen also supports 144Hz high brush, MEMC sports are good, and ARR and ALLM technologies are realized.

This TV also uses a quad-core A73 architecture high-performance chip, with 4GB + 64GB large memory, to ensure a smooth system experience, its screen supports Dolby Vision and IQ, which can bring a visual experience comparable to cinema level. It also uses Hisense Xinxin Ai adjustment algorithm, and the overall image quality performance remains high.

8. Hisense 65E7K

Reference price: 4899 yuan

The current price of this TV has been reduced, and it can be bought for only 4899 yuan. As a member of the high-end TV, it uses a 4K resolution IPS panel with a 120Hz high brush, and uses Mini LED backlight technology, with 336 backlights. The peak brightness is 1200nit, and the display effect is more realistic. It is also equipped with the Xinxin X Master Edition picture quality chip, with a 95% DCI-P3 wide color gamut, which can bring a more transparent and layered picture.

This TV also uses a four-core A73 architecture high-performance chip, with a 4GB + 64GB large memory combination, it supports Dolby Vision, and also has matte film anti-reflective technology for higher viewing angles. This TV is also equipped with an ambient light sensor, which can be combined with the ambient brightness to automatically adjust the screen brightness. The AI camera provided can realize intelligent interaction functions, and the comprehensive cost performance is also good.

9. Skyworth 65A5D Pro

Reference price: 3999 yuan

As a popular TV created by Skyworth in 2024, the Skyworth 65A5D Pro has now also been reduced in price, making it a cost-effective model at the current 4000 price point. It is equipped with a quad-core A73 architecture chip, which has a 1.8GHz main frequency and stronger performance. With a 4GB + 64GB large memory combination, it can bring a smoother picture. Its screen is also backlit with Mini LED, with a peak brightness of 1300nit.

This TV also has 240 light control zones, supports 144Hz high brush, and has three-dimensional dual speakers tuned by HARMAN as an auxiliary, which can also enjoy a movie viewing experience comparable to the cinema at home. This battery also supports AI voice control and supports dual-band WiFi function. All aspects of the experience are also good.

What do you think of the above 9 TVs?

Sudden attention! 6 boards, big cows, hot spots?

K diagram 002988_0

  Recently, A-share board stocks have emerged in an endless stream, like 14 boards.11-plate10-plateWait, now it’s your turn.. The stock has been trading for six consecutive days since the daily limit of the word board began on November 7, becoming the "king of the board" of the current A shares. At the close of trading on Tuesday, it still had 33,000 orders to seal the daily limit, which was about 120 million yuan according to the latest price of 37.77 yuan.

  The data shows that there are currently 15 A shares (including) recorded 2 or more consecutive daily limit, andTied for the first place with 6 boards.andTied behind with 4 boards., Sampton,It is 3 connecting plates.


Going to Huawei to ask the world?

  According to public information, it is a large aluminum profile manufacturer integrating professional research and development, manufacturing and sales. And its recent surge in share prices, a high probability and the company’s recent multiple games.At the event, it was mentioned that Huawei asked about the community.

  Haomei New Materials first mentioned in the record of investor relations activities disclosed on October 30 that the company has obtained a total of 280 fixed-point projects in the first half of the year, and its customers cover joint venture models such as BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Honda and Toyota, and Guangzhou Automobile Ai’ an.Domestic brands such as Huawei Wenjie and Changan. This business (referring to automobile lightweight business) is throughEnterprises indirectly supply all kinds of aluminum extrusion materials and components to vehicle manufacturers, and indirectly supply them to Wenjie series vehicles.Pallet products. On October 31st, Haomei New Materials rose by 7.6%.

  Then, on November 3rd, the record of investor relations activities disclosed by Haomei New Materials once again stated that the company had made a fixed point for the series of models of Wenjie, mainly providing pallet products, but the previous quantity was always small, and after mass production of Wenjie M7, it brought a certain order increment to the company. On November 6, Haomei New Materials rose by 4.1%. Then there is a wave of 6 boards.

  In the last two stock transactions, it fluctuated abnormally.In China, Haomei New Materials kept silent about the world, only saying that most of the lightweight materials and components provided by the company need to be processed and assembled by enterprises and then supplied to the automobile factory.


Receive a letter of concern from the exchange

  On Tuesday, Haomei New Materials received a letter of concern from Shenzhen Stock Exchange. The Shenzhen Stock Exchange asked Haomei New Materials to explain whether the company’s disclosure on automobile lightweight business was true, accurate and complete in the recent record of investor relations activities and the two announcements of abnormal fluctuations in stock trading on November 9 and November 13, and whether there was speculation and hot spots.

  In addition, Haomei New Materials is also required to check whether the directors, supervisors, senior managers and their immediate family members have bought or sold the company’s shares and whether there is any suspected insider trading.


great momentum

  Recently, the concept is really strong. On Tuesday, the sector index rose by 1.19%, with a cumulative increase of 12.91% since October 24, and a cumulative increase of 36.45% since it bottomed out on April 27 this year.

  If you only look at Tuesday, among the concept stocks, in addition to the daily limit of Haomei New Materials,It is also the daily limit closing;Up more than 7%;Up over 6%;Up more than 5% and so on.


The new car in the world is on fire

  The strength of the concept plate should be said to have something to do with the hot sales in the field of inquiry. The data shows that 12,700 vehicles were delivered in October, up 78% from 7,125 vehicles delivered in September.

  In addition, the new M7 has continued to be popular since it was officially listed on September 12th. In the first month of listing, it has exceeded 60,000 vehicles, 70,000 vehicles after 45 days of listing, and 80,000 vehicles after 50 days of listing, with the latest breakthrough of 86,000 vehicles. There is also the unlisted M9, and the number of blind orders has exceeded 25,000.

  beforeIt is estimated that in 2023.Automobile sales reached 85,000 vehicles, up 6% year-on-year, of which M5 and M7 models sold 45,000 and 40,000 vehicles. In 2024, the automobile sales reached 255,000 vehicles, up by 200% year-on-year, among which the sales of M5, M7 and M9 vehicles were 7.5, 11 and 70,000 vehicles.

  It is pointed out that the M9 represents a new round of cooperation between Huawei and Intelligent Car Selection, and it is the first vehicle platform in China to participate deeply, including intelligent cockpit and intelligent driving. M9, which will be listed soon, is expected to continue to enhance the brand power of AITO.


The car is still booming.

  Judging from the whole car market, the car is still in a hot trend. Previously, the Federation estimated that the wholesale sales volume of new energy passenger car manufacturers in October was 890,000, a year-on-year increase of 32% and a quarter-on-quarter increase of 7%.

  Look at the part againBrand, sold 301,800 vehicles in October, up 38.57% year-on-year. In the first 10 months, the cumulative sales volume was 2,381,500 vehicles, a year-on-year increase of 70.36%.

  Delivery reached a record high, exceeding 40,000 vehicles, reaching 40,400 vehicles, up 302.1% year-on-year and 12.09% quarter-on-quarter. As of October 31, 2023, a total of 284,600 vehicles were delivered throughout the year.It also achieved a breakthrough in October, with the monthly delivery reaching 20,000 vehicles for the first time;The number of cars delivered in October was 16,100, a year-on-year increase of 59.8%.

  It is believed that it is expected to usher in the inflection point of the second increase of permeability. The reason is that the vehicle supply is further enriched, the intelligent+fast charge+long battery life experience is improved, and the cost compression drives the price down, sinking into a more competitive price range.

  DongguanIt is said that the achievements of the "100-city Linkage" Automobile Festival and the "Thousands of Counties and Towns" new energy going to the countryside activities by the Ministry of Commerce have appeared, and superimposed car companies have started a new round of promotional activities, and the demand for car purchases has continued to be released. Looking forward to the follow-up, the orders of the new car companies led by Huawei Auto have achieved rapid growth during the National Day holiday, and the market fever is expected to continue, which may drive the automobile consumption at the end of the year to consolidate the realization of the steady growth goal of the automobile industry throughout the year.

  Besides,It is believed that many car companies have launched sub-brands to enrich their product matrix, and their high-end brands and personalized brands will gradually go public, which will promote the demand growth in the fourth quarter.

It is for investors’ reference only and does not constitute investment advice.

Beijing will carry out unmanned vehicle highway test management rules to be announced in June.

Today (April 13th), Beijing Intelligent Networked Automobile Policy Pioneer Zone was officially announced. In the future, in the pioneer area, unmanned taxis will try commercial operation, and six expressways and urban expressways, including Daxing Airport Expressway, will welcome unmanned vehicles to test on the road.

Kong Lei, member of the Working Committee of Beijing Economic and Technological Development Zone and deputy director of the Management Committee, revealed that it is expected that in June this year, the implementation rules for the test management of driverless vehicles are expected to be announced, and the safety officers in driverless taxis plan to withdraw vehicles one after another this year to achieve "unmanned" driving.

At present, there are many unmanned vehicles in Beijing Economic Development Zone for testing. Beijing News reporter Li Muyi photo

Detailed rules for the implementation of expressway test management for unmanned vehiclesWill be introduced

According to the policy plan, the high-speed test of self-driving cars will be opened in Beijing Intelligent Networked Vehicle Policy Pioneer Zone, including six expressways and urban expressways around Yizhuang, including Daxing International Airport Expressway, Beijing Section of Jingtai Expressway, Beijing Section of Beijing-Tianjin Expressway, South Fifth Ring Road (from the new airport expressway to the Beijing-Tianjin expressway), South Sixth Ring Road (from the new airport expressway to the Beijing-Tianjin expressway) and Daxing Airport North Line Expressway. Initially formed a physical area covering cities, airports, highways, urban expressways and other scenes.

Kong Lei introduced that regarding the test of expressways, specific access standards are still being formulated. "Because expressways are more complicated, they also involve safety issues. It is now estimated that around June this year, the implementation rules for the test management of self-driving vehicles on highways will be introduced. "

Driverless taxis will charge a certain "taxi fare"

At present, citizens can experience driverless taxis for free in Beijing Economic Development Zone. According to the policy plan, in the future, enterprises in the pioneer area can carry out business operations based on fees. This means that driverless taxis will charge passengers a certain fee.

So, what is the "taxi price" of driverless taxis? Kong Lei said that at present, there is no specific charging standard for driverless taxis, and further research is needed. "It is possible to charge a certain fee symbolically at first, and then gradually adjust it to the charging standard corresponding to the travel service, which requires a process."

At the same time, with the development of commercial operation services of driverless taxis, their service specifications will be more specific, such as what kind of standardized services will be provided for passengers, and what standards are there for health and safety in the car. The driving range of driverless taxis will also be expanded.

In addition, it is worth noting that according to the current regulations, there is a security officer in the driverless taxi that can be experienced at present, but the security officer does not touch the steering wheel during driving. In the future, will there be security officers in the driverless taxis in the pioneer area?

In this regard, Kong Lei analyzed that the "unmanned operation" of driverless taxis is the development direction, but the premise is that the vehicle has been proved to be safe and there have been no accidents during driving. Only when it meets the safety requirements can it be considered to enter "unmanned".

He also stressed that "unmanned" also needs to go through certain procedures. "The safety officer may first transfer from the driver’s seat to the co-pilot seat, then to the back seat and finally withdraw. After withdrawing the security officer, we will also arrange monitors at the remote end or in the cloud. These links will have certain requirements and standards. "

Kong Lei revealed that it is expected that security officers will be arranged to evacuate vehicles this year, but there will be certain restrictions on the driving area of vehicles. "At the beginning, the safety officers were allowed to withdraw from some specific road sections, which would have certain requirements for vehicle speed and remote control ability. This is also a gradual process."

Large-scale trial operation such as independent parking service will be carried out in the policy pioneer area.

In addition, the policy pioneer zone will support the trial operation and commercial operation services of intelligent networking scenarios. Support enterprises to carry out large-scale trial operation and commercial operation services such as self-driving travel service, intelligent networked bus, self-driving logistics vehicle and independent parking service.

Kong Lei said that the policy pioneer area will formulate application methods for new self-driving products. Explore the traffic rules and traffic management mode suitable for unmanned vehicles driving on the road, give corresponding road rights, and establish a safety supervision system for unmanned vehicles. Explore the replacement of existing electric three-wheeled and four-wheeled express vehicles in the field of express terminal distribution.

Know a little more

The construction task of phase 1.0 of the high-level autonomous driving demonstration zone was basically completed.

In September, 2020, the Beijing Municipal Government decided to build the world’s first networked cloud-controlled high-level autonomous driving demonstration zone, which settled in Beijing Economic Development Zone. Kong Lei introduced that by building a complete system of vehicle, road, cloud, network, map technology, policy and industry, the demonstration area can realize the deep integration of vehicle and network and the coordination of vehicle and road, and accelerate the safe and large-scale operation of high-level autonomous driving. At present, the phase 1.0 construction task of the demonstration area has been basically completed.

Kong Lei said frankly, "In the process of construction, we found that the development of new technologies is generally ahead of the formulation of government management policies, which leads to certain obstacles in the application and promotion of new products." In order to solve these problems, relying on the high-level autonomous driving demonstration zone, Beijing has set up an intelligent networked policy pioneer zone, built a moderately advanced policy management system, provided support for the application and promotion of new products, technologies and models of intelligent networked automobiles, and created a business environment for policy-friendly industrial development.

The reporter learned that in 2017, Beijing took the lead in introducing the management measures for self-driving road testing in China. In the past four years, six supporting policy documents such as manned loading and unmanned testing have been issued one after another, and the management measures have been continuously improved. Up to now, Beijing has opened 200 self-driving public test roads, with a total length of about 700 kilometers, and issued 571 sets of test licenses for 87 self-driving vehicles of 14 enterprises, with a cumulative safety test mileage of more than 2.68 million kilometers. The data has been at the forefront of the country.

BYD’s new car: Song Lé l "Platinum Leopard 5, the fifth generation DM.

The news of "Looking up to the U8 order breaking 30,000" exploded the car circle a few days ago. As an ultra-luxury car with a price of more than one million yuan, the deposit for looking up to U8 is as high as 20,000 yuan, and the deposit for "big setting" is 50,000 yuan.

If the online news comes true, even if it is calculated according to the "small order" deposit-mass delivery has not yet been realized,Looking up to U8, I have already received 600 million yuan in cash.. This has to make people feel that BYD’s influence is now high.

With such a smooth environment, it is no wonder that BYD has spread the market plan of "selling 3 million vehicles in 2023". However, from January to September this year, BYD’s cumulative sales volume was 2.07 million vehicles, with an average monthly sales volume of 230,000 vehicles, which is still far from the goal.

Faced with the gap, BYD needs to achieve an average monthly sales volume of 310,000 vehicles in the fourth quarter of this year, which requires finding new growth points in the mainstream market. As a result, these new cars have attracted the attention of the author.

No.1 BYD song l

First of all, Song L, a new pure electric SUV—— owned by BYD Wangchao. com, will announce the detailed information on October 31, and start the pre-sale at the same time. The author personally expects its pricing to be around 200,000-250,000 yuan.

The car is built based on e-platform 3.0, and it is expected to be equipped with CTB battery body integration technology, or use the suspension setting of "front double wishbone+rear five links", with intelligent electric four-wheel drive, L2 driver assistance, Yunqi -C intelligent chassis and other functions.

In terms of appearance, BYD Song L follows the new generation of "Pioneer Beauty" design language of Dynasty Network as a whole; Decorations officially called "Dragon Teeth" have been added to both sides of the front grille, which, together with the 3D dragon whiskers of Longjing headlights, has obvious sports atmosphere.

In terms of size, according to the previous new car application information of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, BYD Song L has a length, width and height of 4840/1950/1560mm and a wheelbase of 2930mm respectively, positioning a medium-sized SUV;; Compared with Song PLUS and Song Pro, the former is bigger.

In terms of interior, judging from the official map released, BYD Song L adopted the current "technology wind", and the overall layout was very simple; In the screen part, the combination of 10.25-inch instrument and 15.6-inch central control car machine is used, and some models will also be equipped with 50-inch AR-HUD.

In terms of details, the sub-instrument panel area of Song L has adopted a brand-new design, and the air outlet in the front row of the car has also adopted a brand-new design; In addition, the shift lever is more compact and exquisite, and the overall sense of key layout is stronger.

According to the application information, in terms of power, Song L rear-drive version provides two kinds of power options with maximum power of 150kW and 230kW; Song l four-wheel drive version, the maximum power of the front and rear double motors is 150 kW and 230 kW respectively, and the official acceleration time of 0-100 km/h is 4.3 seconds.

In terms of battery life, Song L provides 71.808kWh and 87.04 kWh battery packs, and the pure electric cruising range is 550km, 602km and 662km.

No.2 BYD "Qin L"

A few days ago, a group of road test spy photos of BYD’s new cars began to spread on the Internet. Through the Chinese logo on the front of the car, netizens think that the car may be a new derivative model of BYD Qin family-"Qin L".

In the previous product planning, the market positioning of "Qin L" is between Qin PLUS and BYD Han. It may be an A+ class car, including plug-in hybrid and pure electric vehicles. The author personally expects its pricing to be around 150,000-180,000 yuan.

At present, "Qin L" has not been declared by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, so there is less relevant information flowing out now.

In terms of appearance, the headlight group of "Qin L" has adopted a brand-new design, and its shape is close to that of Song L mentioned above; In the front part, "Qin L" adopts a blackened grille, which makes the overall appearance style more sporty;

On the side of the car body, the road test of "Qin L" still retains the traditional door handle; At the same time, the heavy camouflage of the rear part can mean that the design of the rear part has changed greatly.

In terms of chassis, compared with the existing non-independent rear suspension of torsion beam in Qin family, the rear suspension setting of "Qin L" is likely to change, and the high probability will be independent suspension setting such as three links; The latter has greater training potential and may bring a better ride experience in the back row.

In addition to the information revealed by the road test, BYD’s previous patent application may be used as a reference for "Qin L" in power.

According to the published patent drawing, it can be seen that this is a hybrid system with double planetary gears, which may be the rumored "fifth generation DM-i" system;

According to the network news, the system may use "Longitudinal engine",the feed fuel consumption may be further reduced to2.9L/100km; Compared with the existing data (4.6L/100km) of Qin PLUS DM-i Champion Edition, the energy consumption performance of the new system will be even better.

NO.3 equation leopard leopard 5

Finally, it is the first new car of BYD Equation Leopard brand-Leopard 5. At present, the car has been blindly ordered, and the blind order price is 300,000-400,000 yuan. Equation Leopard Auto officially said that Leopard 5 will be officially listed in November this year.

As a hard-core off-road SUV, Leopard 5 is equipped with BYD’s new hybrid platform DM-o and Yunqi -p intelligent body control system, including the power combination of vertical engine+dual motors+three locks and differential locks;

In terms of chassis, the front and rear suspension of Leopard 5 are double wishbone suspension; In terms of power, relying on the DM-o platform, the integrated system power of Leopard 5 can reach 500kW, the peak torque is 760N?m, and the acceleration time is only 4.8s s..

In terms of battery life and recharge, Leopard 5 can achieve CLTC pure battery life of 125km;; Support fast charge, which can be charged from 30% to 80% within 16 minutes; Under the condition of full oil and full electricity, the comprehensive endurance of the vehicle can reach more than 1200km;

In addition, Leopard 5 also supports the functions of 20kW in-situ power supply, 6kW AC vehicle-to-vehicle power supply and 6kW external discharge.

According to the official configuration information, Leopard 5 has launched three configurations: the Exploration Edition, the Pilot Edition and the Yunqi Ultimate Edition. The length, width and height of the vehicle are 4890/1970/1920mm (including the spare tire), and the wheelbase is 2800mm, which is a medium-sized SUV.

In terms of internal space, Leopard 5 is currently a 5-seat model, which can support a two-person mattress arrangement with a length of 1.9 meters and a width of 1.4 meters when the rear seat is down.

According to the official statement of Equation Leopard Automobile, they will set up new independent marketing stores. The first batch of stores is expected to start laying at the end of October, and the first batch of exhibition cars will also be in place simultaneously.

Conclusion:The above are the three heavy new cars of BYD before the end of 2023. Among them, the author is most concerned about "Qin L". After all, the starting price of around 150,000 is tangible to ordinary people, and it may be the first model of the fifth generation DM-i system.

So for everyone, which new car of BYD do you like best? What do you think about the pricing of new cars? Welcome to speak freely in the comments section.

Some currencies are destined to be just "looking at the moon in the water", and becoming a smart car owner is a reliable choice.

Recently, people who may be familiar with the "currency circle" have heard that a currency named NFT has suddenly become popular in the market, which shows that under the ignition of Bitcoin, various capitals have entered the related fields of blockchain, digital currency and digital rights. But so far, these "currencies" are still castles in the air without entity endorsement, so the author suggests that everyone should wait and see carefully and not blindly enter the game.

Different from the above-mentioned "virtual currency", Zhiji Automobile, a user-oriented automobile science and technology company led by SAIC recently, put forward their CSOP user digital rights plan. Generally speaking, we can understand this plan as letting cars participate in "mining", thus achieving a win-win situation for users and enterprises. You know, Zhiji Automobile is backed by SAIC, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech and Alibaba, so there is no need to question the credibility of CSOP users’ digital rights plan.

At the beginning of the establishment of Zhiji Automobile, it will become the "implementer of travel change in the intelligent era" as the development goal of the enterprise, and the CSOP user digital rights plan is one of the "killer weapons" for Zhiji Automobile to achieve its goal. Recently, the CSOP User Data Rights and Interests Plan announced two major mining methods of users’ digital assets, namely "in-program mining" and "cultivation mining". This new gameplay, like cultivating games, makes practitioners call themselves "experts".

As the name implies, "internal program mining" is a process in which users exchange "original stone" based on the data generated by daily vehicles, which accounts for about 70% of the total amount of original stone. From the moment users drive Zhiji cars, they have started the "in-program mining" mode. With the increase of vehicle mileage and time, the number of raw stones obtained will also increase accordingly, and every kilometer driven will not be wasted.

In contrast, the "original stone" of "cultivation mining" has a long access path, but it can provide users with interesting and extensive social experience, and this part of the original stone accounts for about 30% of the total amount. Users can win "Crystal" by participating in APP interactive tasks and brand co-creation tasks, and accumulate a corresponding number of "Crystal" to extract "Zhiji Mine Box". The "mine box" is like a blind box, which randomly drops "treasures", including rich user rights and interests.

Zhiji Auto’s CSOP user data rights plan not only creates a new way of playing, but also has a deeper meaning. Zhiji hopes that in this way, users and car companies can communicate and achieve a win-win situation. Through the data provided by users, Zhiji Automobile constantly improves and optimizes its products and enhances its brand image. Users can exchange real income by providing driving data, so as to truly create with enterprises.

Huawei terminals attended the China Mobile Global Partner Conference, and all the new products in the whole scene were exhibited.

    From October 11th to 13th, 2023, the 2023 China Mobile Global Partner Conference and the 11th China Mobile Global Partner Conference were held in Guangzhou Poly World Trade Expo, China. During the exhibition, Huawei terminals brought a variety of products to participate in the exhibition, allowing participants to deeply experience the latest products of Huawei terminals.

    Recently, Huawei Terminal has released the new M7 and Mate60 series in three key areas, namely, new energy vehicles, mobile phones and full-scene smart life, which has boosted the rapid development of the industry.

    At this exhibition, Huawei Terminal brought flagship new products, sports health, government-enterprise solutions, smart home and new M7 in the world to the exhibition. The site is divided into five sections: 1+8 exhibition area, sports health, smart home, terminal government and enterprise, and the new M7 test drive. Huawei also won two awards from China Mobile, the Best Terminal Partner Award and the Most Popular Product Award.

    Mate60 series single ride

    According to the supply chain news, as of the end of September, the sales of Huawei Mate 60 Pro and Mate 60 have exceeded 1.1 million units. At present, the industry is optimistic about the future performance of Mate series.

    The impact of Huawei terminals on the industry lies not only in the market, but also in the continuous sales of Huawei Mate60 series, which has a greater impact on the domestic supply chain. Enterprises such as optics, panels and structural parts are accelerating production to meet the market demand of Huawei Mate60 series.

    Huawei Terminal and China Mobile have always maintained close cooperation, with a high degree of cooperation in the fields of mobile phones, wearables, routers and other products, consumers and businesses, as well as number card business and consumer stickiness. This time, Huawei’s terminal exhibition area also has a terminal government and enterprise area for the live audience to experience, and continue to empower the industry in the field of secure instant messaging with partners.

    Ask the new M7 to turn the tide.

    As the star SKU of Huawei’s smart car selection, Wenjie New M7 has recently ushered in an upgrade and change. After listing, it has become the top stream in the recent auto market with its excellent product strength. The data shows that since its release on September 12th, the cumulative quantity of the new M7 has exceeded 50,000 vehicles.

    Huawei’s smart car selection, especially the series of cars in the world, has experienced a low period, which is basically in line with the current situation of the domestic new energy vehicle market. Often, the technical upgrade of new models is obvious, and then they set sail in a high profile at the initial stage of listing. However, due to the rapid technical upgrade of the industry, as more brands of new products come out one after another, the result will be a rapid suppression of old models, which will lead to the weakness of the latter, and the impact will be to force major brands to continue to invest heavily to ensure the technological leadership of new cars.

    The upgrade of the product strength of the new M7 in the world and the "increasing the quantity without increasing the price" brought by the high cost performance are also the main reasons for detonating the market. At the conference site, Huawei Terminal also set up a new M7 test drive exhibition area for customers with test drive needs to test drive. It is reported that Huawei’s deeply empowered products, such as M9 and S7, will also be available.

   Full scene, new products landing, efficient ecological experience

    This time, Huawei Terminal also moved almost all the new products from the autumn full-scene conference to the exhibition site, so the audience can experience the new products of Huawei Terminal in the first time. Huawei terminals have always had a clear category positioning for each business line, and at the same time, they have also planned more carefully in ecological positioning, further consolidating the ecological moat.

    Huawei MatePad Pro 13.2 inches has a stronger office atmosphere. The new PC-level WPS Office, combined with HarmonyOS intelligent interaction, brings a better PC-level office experience, and realizes the document synchronization between PC and mobile phone for the first time; Huawei WATCH ULTIMATE DESIGN Extraordinary Master Smart Watch is Huawei’s new interpretation of luxury industrial products. As Huawei’s first gold smart watch, this product has made another breakthrough in material technology, blending 18K precious gold for the first time; Huawei FreeBuds Pro 3 TWS headphones use the star flash technology, which improves the physical bandwidth by 4 times and the anti-interference ability by 2 times. Based on the new L2HC 3.0 protocol, it can realize lossless transmission of 1.5Mbps audio and bring lossless sound quality with super CD quality.

    Huawei’s terminal’s understanding of new products in the whole scene, while fully putting cutting-edge innovative technologies into product strength, brings a unique ecological wisdom interactive experience according to category positioning. Under the "1+8+N" system, the central position of the mobile phone is defined, and with the intelligent interaction of HarmonyOS, a number of core technologies are used as the starting point to expand and explore more functions. Huawei terminals have successfully built their own ecological moat.

[See you at 8: 00] online celebrity "Zhang Meili" was detained and the police collected clues about illegal crimes.

CCTV News:At 8 o’clock every day, CCTV will sort out the big and small things that happened around us within 24 hours.

The torch relay of Hangzhou Asian Paralympic Games was successfully concluded.

In the third quarter of the country, the direct settlement of medical treatment across provinces and different places exceeded 36 million.

More than 600 wetland nature reserves and 900 national wetland parks have been established nationwide.

Secretary of the Party Group of the former Legislative Affairs Office of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and any leader who violated the law seriously were expelled from the Party.

Zhang Xiulong, former deputy secretary and deputy director of the Standing Committee of the People’s Congress of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, was investigated.

6 people were killed in Pingguo explosion in Guangxi. 

A collision between a tour bus and a car occurred in Yunlin, Taiwan Province, resulting in 4 deaths and 22 minor injuries.

In case the commander announced the objectives of Gaza’s operational plan, saying that a new "security regime" would be established.

Hamas announced the release of two Americans, and UN agencies said that about 1.4 million people in Gaza were displaced. 

Trump and other three defendants have pleaded guilty in the case of trying to overthrow the presidential election in Georgia.

A large number of dead sardines appeared in a fishing port in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.

An international research team deciphered the octopus genome map.

Online celebrity "Zhang Meili" was detained, and Shaanxi Suide police collected clues about illegal crimes.

A vocational college student in Sichuan slaughtered stray dogs? School: Two students involved were detained for observation and the police intervened.

The police in Zhangjiagang City intercepted more than a thousand cats: these cats would have passed 4.5 yuan off as pork and mutton per catty.

Jiangsu "scalpers" each accepted 100 yuan, took dozens of fans to the concert, and were detained.

A woman’s cat and coffee shop in Wuhan was scratched, and the merchant refused to pay the medical fee. Merchant: The cat has been vaccinated.

A woman in Chengdu, Sichuan Province threw 60,000 yuan by mistake, and the old man picked it up and returned it.

The topic of "fragile college students" is no longer just self-mockery, but also sounds an alarm for the physical health problems of contemporary college students.

— — China News Network commented that the word "crispy college students" quickly became popular on the Internet.

In Jiyuan, Henan Province, the Wangwu Mountain forest is completely dyed in autumn, and the red leaves enter the best viewing period.

In autumn, egrets fly, play and feed in the waters of Shangshan Park in Tengzhou City, Shandong Province.

  On October 21st, the China Sports Delegation of the 4th Asian Paralympic Games in Hangzhou announced that Huang Xiaolian and Sun Gang would be the flag bearers of the China Sports Delegation at the opening ceremony of the 4th Asian Paralympic Games in Hangzhou. Huang Xiaolian is a female wheelchair basketball player and won the silver medal in wheelchair basketball at the 2020 Tokyo Paralympic Games. Sun Gang is a male wheelchair fencer, who won individual and team gold medals in foil at the 2020 Paralympic Games in Tokyo.

Editor in charge: Qian Jingtong

Editor: Xiao Xiao

Staff: Accurate Music Language

  A special music performance was held in Montpellier, a city in the south of France. Eighteen birds played a wonderful movement on a Gibson electric guitar.

  With the piano entering more and more families, the staff has changed from "familiar face" to "explosive red" among the general public. Because in piano teaching, the notation of staff is widely used all over the world, and only the staff can fully express the music score.

  Notation is to music what words are to language.

  The earliest information of human music can only be preserved from generation to generation through oral instruction. Before the modern high-tech sound carrier appeared, there was only one notation for recording and storing music. At present, the most well-known staff faithfully "writes" the composer’s creative intentions and achievements, which can be called a spectacle created by human music civilization and a microcosm of the emergence and development of music language.

  1. The music recorded on plants opens the notation.

  The earliest origin of staff can be traced back to ancient Greece. Music occupies a very important position in the field of knowledge in ancient Greece. The ancient Greeks used two notations, both of which used letters or similar letters as symbols. One was used to record the melody of vocal music, and the other was used to record the melody of instrumental music. Vocal music notation originated in Ionian at the end of the 5th century BC, and instrumental music notation may be earlier. It is said that the music written in the Vienna National Library on the plant products called Pa Pirus is the oldest music in the world, with a history of two thousand years.

  Some studies also show that a city discovered in 1918, 100 miles southwest of Cairo — — In an ancient ruins in Oxilinkus, researchers found a written record of music — — A hymn fragment written on papyrus. In those days when music was usually spread by word of mouth, even the private remains scrawled on papyrus were extremely rare. This is also the only music record that survived in the first 400 years of Christianity. Above this hymn, the pitch and sound value are recorded by some alphabetic arrangement or simple auxiliary line symbols, which is also a typical feature of the earliest music score format. It has eight different notes, spanning an octave, these letters arranged in a straight line, each note corresponds to a scale, and the scale combination of long and short squares; The horizontal strokes and individual dots on the notes indicate which words should be emphasized when singing.

  In addition, a scholar from the University of California, Berkeley, published an article in 1985, demonstrating that the earliest musical notation was found on the cuneiform tablets originating from the two river basins.

  As the predecessor of staff notation — — Newham notation appeared in the 8th century AD. The word "Neum" comes from Greek, which means "symbol" and is a way to express music in the form of drawing. Since the 8th century, in order to prevent those uncommon hymns from being forgotten because of too long interval, monks who copied hymns added some symbols similar to language stress or punctuation at the top of the lyrics, indicating the up-and-down trend of hymns concisely. This symbol is called "Neum Spectrum".

  In the early days, Newham notation was limited to indicating the direction of hymn tunes, and could not indicate the pitch position and note length. Later, someone creatively used a straight line to mark Newham spectrum to the top and bottom of this straight line, and defined this straight line as F, so the ancestor of staff appeared — — A line spectrum.

  In the middle of the 9th century, a complete hymn melody copied with Newm symbols appeared. In the development of notation, some places began to arrange the upper and lower spatial distances between Neum symbols according to the size of intervals. Moreover, Newham notation indicating the pitch and interval structure of melody has gradually formed, and some symbols can indicate a single note or a group of notes, which helps people to record music melody completely. Later, this Newham spectrum gradually developed into two-line spectrum and three-line spectrum.

  It took nearly four centuries to change from color to black and white.

  Different from today’s black-and-white world, the staff was colorful in the process of reproduction.

  In the 11th century, Guido D ‘Alezzo, a musician in arezzo, Italy, added Newham spectral lines to four lines, and specified the pitch as D, F, A and C, and the range was about eight degrees. Different pitches were expressed by clef or color, and the red line represented F sound, and the yellow line or green line represented C sound, which made the pitch more accurate. This kind of music score was called "four-line score", and they later became high notes in the staff. Since then, due to the need of playing, Newham’s spectrum has appeared six-line spectrum, seven-line spectrum and even eleven-line spectrum. To commemorate the invention and birth of the staff, people called Guido D ‘Alezo "the father of the staff".

  Then, how does the staff come from "stepping on colorful auspicious clouds" return to the black and white world?

  More and more composers are involved in the exploration of more accurate music notation. By the 13th century, the four-line score used all black lines, only a Latin letter was written at the front of the line to indicate the absolute pitch of this notation. This method gradually became popular in Europe at that time. But unfortunately, it still can’t show a clear rhythm. Especially the multi-part melody is becoming more and more complex, and people urgently need to find a way to accurately describe the length of each sound. At this time, a monk named Frank in Cologne, Germany, pioneered the different lengths of "black notes" in his book The Art of Theorem Songs. This notation, which strictly specifies the length of notes, rests and marks, is a supplement and enrichment to Newham’s spectrum and can be called a landmark improvement in the development of line spectrum.

  In the 15th century, the trend of black notes receded, and the types of notes increased, and hollow notes appeared to represent the sound value, which is also commonly known as "white notes". With the development of line spectrum in this period, the position of pitch and the length of sound can be basically recorded, and the Fu Tou has also become a circle.

  In order to change the situation that the spectral lines of musical scores are too many and complicated, European countries later unified Newham spectrum into five lines, and the notes that are too high or too low were expressed by adding lines, which made the recording of pitch more perfect. Since the 17th century, the staff developed on the basis of Newham’s spectrum and quantitative notation tends to be perfect, gradually finalized and has been used ever since.

  After centuries of "tempering", the staff has gradually reached unprecedented accuracy. According to this, composers can mark the changes of volume, speed and timbre more carefully, which can be said to be "presented in detail"

  When water is full, it overflows. Too precise music "language" was later considered by some people as a "double-edged sword". Although it can convey the composer’s creative intention in detail, it squeezes the space for the performer to improvise, which makes the musician shout "not enough". As a result, the direction of notation has changed again, and the final interpretation right of music has been returned to the performers. The performers no longer stick to "accurate presentation" but boldly release their individuality, which makes each performance unique.

  At this point, music notation has gone through thousands of years of development, from being a summary of memos at first, to helping players repeat performances accurately, and then returning to the original point after a big circle.

  3. The first "cross-border" album recording traditional Chinese opera comes from Mei Lanfang.

  In the history of music development in China for thousands of years, there have been many ways of notation, such as subtractive notation, metrical notation, Lv Zi notation, etc. Up to now, except for Gongchi notation, there are a few old folk artists who are using it, and other notation methods are forgotten because they are too cumbersome.

  Accompanied by drums, ancient people sat together, playing games and cheering for fun — — In this way, the embryonic form of early China’s music score was derived from entertainment. Drum music in the Book of Rites Throwing Pots is the oldest ancient music score in China, which appeared in the Zhou Dynasty and has a history of more than 3,000 years. There are some comma symbols in the score, which are arranged vertically in turn, as well as the words "drum", "semi-drum" and "Xue drum". Experts speculate that these are the terms related to performance, and professionals can also simulate the powerful beat from them.

  In Guan Zi Di Yuan Pian written in the Spring and Autumn Period, a mathematical method for calculating the chord length ratio of each tone in pentatonic scale is recorded, which is called "three-point gain and loss method" in history, and the names of pentatonic scale "Gong, Shang, Jiao, Zheng and Yu" in China are completely described. As to where these five names came from, there are different opinions. Some say that they correspond to the stars, some say that they are derived from five animals, and some say that they are totems of ancient clans. All kinds of opinions paint a mysterious color on music and express the different musical concepts of China ancestors. Up to today, little is known about "Gong Shang Shu", but the five tones of "Gong Shang, Jiao, Zheng and Yu" are quite well-known. For example, in the theme song "Long Wen" of Happy Dictionary of CCTV, there is a lyric that "Gong Shang Jiao Zheng Yu, Qin Qi calligraphy and painting sing, peacocks fly southeast, and weaver girls will be cowherd &hellip. …” This song has been sung by stars many times, and it has also been on the Spring Festival Evening in 2010, which became a hit overnight.

  Compared with the western staff and notation, China’s classical music score does not form the accurate quantification of pitch and rhythm and the transcoding of digital symbols, but only the outline record of the basic pitch and rhythm of traditional music or aria, which gives the performers and singers much more freedom and uncertainty in creation than the western music score, so it is also called "frame score".

  The staff was introduced into China in the mid-17th century. There is a written record in Xieyun Duqu, a sequel to Lv Zheng Yi written by Emperor Kangxi in 1713, which published in detail the knowledge of western music theory such as staff, scales, roll names, etc. Although the staff at that time was only in its primary form and its symbols were very different from today’s, it was spread through this printed book.

  The staff, which has just entered the country, is only used to record and spread the classic songs and hymns that praise God sung in the Catholic church. It was not until the end of the 19th century that it was gradually accepted and used by Chinese people. In 1930, Mei Lanfang’s operas were recorded by musician Liu Tianhua for the first time, and Mei Lanfang’s Songs was published, which is also the first "cross-border" album in China to record traditional opera music with staff.

  4. The notation has been carried forward in China.

  There are two kinds of musical notation: numbers and letters. The most common musical notation is numbers, and its embryonic form first appeared in Europe in the 16th century. At that time, a French Catholic priest named Suaiti wrote music songs with seven sounds, namely 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, and compiled a pamphlet "New Methods of Learning plainsong and Music". In the mid-18th century, Rousseau, a famous French thinker who was famous for his book Confessions, also read the Proposal for New Musical Symbols to the Paris Academy of Sciences, and mentioned the "digital notation". Later, a group of social elites improved and popularized it, and finally formed the notation, which was also called "Galpa-Xie notation" in the west.

  This notation was introduced to Japan in 1882. In 1903, Zeng Zhimao, one of the earliest music theorists in the history of modern music in China, published the article "The General Idea of Music Theory" in a chinese magazine published in Tokyo, introducing the knowledge of western music theory, and published six songs such as "Training" and "Spring outing" in the form of comparison between notation and staff, which is the earliest record of Chinese people using notation at present.

  Shen Xingong, a modern music educator, was also one of the earliest disseminators of musical notation. His School Singing Collection was the first collection of musical notation written and published by China. Since then, notation has gradually spread to schools all over the country. In the 1930s, the mass singing movement of resisting Japan and saving the nation was widely carried out. At that time, famous pop songs, such as March of the Volunteers of Nie Er and The Yellow River Cantata of Xian Xinghai, were written by notation. With the widespread singing of these songs, notation gradually became popular among ordinary people in China.

  The notation of musical notation is the closest to the popular Gong-Chi notation in China, and it is simpler and more accurate to record the height of notes by musical notation. Therefore, musical notation has developed rapidly in China, and some experts even think that China is the country that absorbs and uses musical notation the best and develops it the most in the world. Especially in the field of folk music, notation fits the characteristics of Chinese folk music, because notation records only the general framework of melody, and more needs face-to-face communication between teachers and students; On the playing method of musical instruments, Chinese folk music has many special expressive force symbols, and the use of notation is clear and clear. If staff is used, it will become complicated. These are the important reasons why notation is highly praised by Chinese folk music.

  Of course, this is just a matter of habit. With the blending of modern Chinese and western cultures, more and more folk music also adopts the notation of line notation. In fact, in the field of folk music, there are still many places where staff can be used, and that is the ensemble moment. When all kinds of musical instruments play the same piece of music according to different parts, the powerful function of the staff is revealed, which is unmatched by the notation.

  Related links

  No one can replace the staff or the simple staff.

  Jacky Cheung, a Hong Kong singer who is known as the "God of Songs" in the Chinese music scene, once bluntly said that he did not know the staff, but only knew the simple music. Nowadays, at the scene of some music variety shows, some judges are repeatedly criticized by netizens because they can’t understand the staff. So, is the staff really more "advanced" than the notation?

  Experts pointed out that in the history of music development, people have created various different notations according to their own needs, and different musical instruments, regions and traditional cultures may produce very different notations. Such as guqin, using guqin notation; Traditional Chinese opera uses the notation of gongs and drums. There is also the traditional notation of Gongchi notation in our country, but now there are the most familiar notation, staff notation and so on. We can’t simply say which notation is the best, but which method is relatively scientific. Through accurate notes and various dynamic symbols and emoticons, we can try our best to return the expression intention of the original composer.

  Objectively speaking, staff notation and simple notation both play an important role in the field of Chinese music culture. They complement each other and have irreplaceable functions, but their users are different.

  Notation is simple and clear. Even now, many popular music still uses notation. Compared with other notation, staff has irreplaceable advantages. It records the level of music by the position of the Fu Tou of the note on five parallel horizontal lines, and indicates the length of the note by the different shapes of the note, which can not only visually indicate the pitch of the musical sound, but also accommodate the music information in a large amount, especially in recording and writing large-scale ensemble music with wide range, numerous parts and frequent tone sandhi. Therefore, since the 18th century, the staff has become the main position of music notation, and it has been widely used in the field of professional music in the world today.

  Nowadays, pianos have entered more and more families. In piano teaching, the notation of staff is widely used all over the world, and only the staff can fully express the music score. At the same time, the performance and singing of various music groups, the teaching of music colleges and the learning of piano children all played a very important role in the spread of staff.

  Do you know

  Can’t clap between concerts?

  At the end of the year, many concerts were held together. Watching a concert is different from watching a movie. There are many unwritten rules, such as not applauding between the movements of a symphony, waiting for a complete track to enter the venue when you are late, and so on. Where did these rules come from that the enthusiastic audience couldn’t understand?

  There was a controversy about whether there was applause between movements. Before the end of 19th century, clapping between movements was "not a thing". Mozart gets excited when he hears the applause of the audience when he plays. Once, in a letter to his father, he mentioned, "There is a passage in the middle of Allegro in the first movement, which I know the audience will like very much … … Sure enough, the audience were all in ecstasy and the applause was very warm. I expected this long ago. When I wrote this paragraph, I knew it would be very effective. At the end of the movement, this piece of music appeared again, and sure enough, the audience shouted again and asked to repeat it … …” Repeated applause made Mozart very happy. After the symphony, he even went to the Royal Garden to buy ice cream to reward himself.

  Until the end of 19th century, there were professional cheering people in European opera houses. The function of these "masters" was to cheer in some boring opera performances. Perhaps this move is not flattering. From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, most audiences accepted the etiquette agreement of not clapping between movements. Moreover, it has been recognized by some composers. For example, in Mourning for the Dead, Mahler even pointed out that there should be no applause in the middle of the movement.

  In addition, there is an important etiquette for listening to the concert, that is, you can’t be late. If you are late for some reason, you must wait for the guidance of the theater staff and wait for a complete track (not a movement) before you can enter. In fact, being late was not condemned as early as the mid-19th century, because early concerts belonged to small gatherings in aristocratic circles, and being late and leaving early was commonplace. By the end of the 19th century, after Mahler was in charge of vienna state opera, he resolutely implemented the rule that late spectators were not allowed to enter the venue, even if the royal family members were late, which became a etiquette until now.

  There is such a saying

  The New Year concert originated from the old Strauss.

  The New Year is a common festival for people all over the world. There are many ways for people to celebrate the New Year, but holding a high-level concert is a program in major cities all over the world, welcoming the beginning of the new year with relaxed and wonderful music.

  The tradition of holding concerts in the New Year originated in Vienna. On December 31st, 1847, Johann Strauss I, the founder of the Strauss music family, held an open-air concert in the suburb of Vienna. The repertoire included symphonies, waltzes and polkas, which were warmly welcomed by the audience, so that the concert didn’t end until dawn the next day. This is the origin of the Vienna New Year Concert.

  Today, the annual New Year Concert held in Vienna Golden Hall is still the most eye-catching annual music event in the world. Most TV stations and radio stations around the world broadcast live, with tens of millions of listeners. Inspired by this tradition, many countries or cities in the world have also held New Year concerts to celebrate the arrival of the New Year.

  the whole wide world

  Austrian composer’s manuscript sells at sky-high price

  The original manuscript of the score of Austrian composer gustav mahler’s Second Symphony was sold for 4.5 million pounds at an auction held in London, England recently. The 232-page score set a new record for the auction of the score.

  The music seller is the family of Gilbert Kaplan, an American economist and businessman who died two years ago. There is an amazing story behind the score. According to the Daily Mail, Kaplan was fascinated by this symphony, also known as Resurrection, after listening to it at Carnegie Hall in new york in 1965. Never having studied conducting, he is determined to conduct the best orchestra in the world to perform this piece of music one day and put his determination into action.

  Kaplan once described the feeling of listening to Resurrection as follows: "When I entered the concert hall, I was alone, but when I came out, I felt like I was struck by lightning." In the next 17 years, Kaplan traveled all over the world to listen to the performance of this symphony, and discussed his experience with professionals including conductors whenever he had the opportunity. In 1982, he finally stepped onto the stage of Lincoln Center in new york and realized his wish under the witness of many celebrities.

  Photo courtesy of this edition/vision china