Why are the illegal online celebrity people so "tenacious" when they put on "new vests" for live webcasting?

  In recent years, with the increasing supervision, the illegal and illegal phenomena such as obscenity, violence and blood, and fraudulent donation in live webcasts have been greatly reduced. However, it should not be ignored that some webcasting chaos has now been replaced with "new vests", and unhealthy or even illegal content still appears in the webcast room from time to time.

  Acts such as hitting the "edge ball" still exist

  Not long ago, the Public Security Bureau of Rongxian County, Zigong City, Sichuan Province issued a notice saying that since 2018, female anchor Tang Moumou has filmed fishing videos wearing bright exposure and red scarf in farmland in order to gain eyeballs and increase the number of fans and videos, and uploaded four edited videos on the Aauto Quicker platform with the account of "Yibin Yingying", and the number of videos played has reached more than 3 million times. According to the Public Security Administration Punishment Law, the police detained Tang for 12 days and fined 1000 yuan, ordering him to delete relevant videos.

  Zhu Wei, deputy director of the Communication Law Research Center of China University of Political Science and Law, pointed out that Tang’s behavior is one of the most common chaos in the current webcast — — Spread vulgar culture.

  "The current webcast chaos is very different from that of previous years. Compared with illegal acts such as pornography and violence, it is now more chaos such as infringing on the privacy of others, promoting feudal superstitions and spreading vulgar culture." Zhu Wei said, "Vulgar behaviors such as female anchors wearing red scarves are more common in webcasts. In fact, this phenomenon has existed almost since the appearance of webcasting. Compared with pornography and other illegal acts, this kind of behavior mainly violates public order and good customs, and is more in a relatively obscure gray area. "

  Exposed clothes, sexually suggestive actions, live broadcast of foul language, and public ridicule of the Nanjing Massacre … … In recent years, news about the misconduct of webcasting is common in newspapers. These behaviors are not exactly the same as illegal behaviors, but essentially a kind of "edge ball" behavior, which also makes some anchors take advantage of it.

  In addition to playing "edge ball", the boundary of webcasting has also caused controversy. In 2018, some anchors used the network car as the carrier to broadcast the order taking process without the customer’s knowledge, and the live broadcast targets were mostly female passengers; In April this year, Chen Mou, a star, was broadcast live by an anchor in Betta when she was shopping with her children. Chen Mou was very dissatisfied with this and angered the anchor. Many news events have brought the chaos of webcasting into people’s field of vision again and again.

  Interests drive some anchors to exploit loopholes.

  According to the 43rd Statistical Report on the Development of Internet in China, as of December 2018, the number of live webcast users in China reached 397 million. Nowadays, users have basically developed the habit of watching live broadcasts, with high viewing frequency and strong willingness to pay. In addition, with the rise of mobile live broadcast platforms, the threshold for live broadcasts has been greatly lowered, and it has become possible for everyone to broadcast live and everything can be broadcast live.

  Some insiders believe that the huge profit margin and market of webcasting have attracted the influx of venture capital and live broadcast practitioners, which has also caused a mixed environment of webcasting.

  In recent years, webcasting platforms have sprung up one after another, so many people have entered the live broadcast industry and become professional or part-time anchors. However, the low threshold of live broadcast makes it unnecessary for anchors to undergo strict examination of their qualifications and qualities. Driven by the huge profits that live webcasting can bring, some anchors have no rules and legal awareness, and constantly gain attention by breaking through the legal bottom line and infringing on public order and good customs, and then get rewards from fans and even seek huge profits. However, some popular anchors have gradually ignored the responsibility of guiding the public to establish correct values after receiving a large number of fans. Previously, the network anchor Tianyou was banned by the National Network Information Office for describing in detail all kinds of feelings after drug abuse in the form of rap in the live broadcast.

  At the same time, the gray area provides space for the breeding of network chaos. At present, there are no clear laws and regulations to regulate and punish some behaviors that violate public order and good customs, which makes some anchors take advantage of the loopholes.

  There are not only anchors, but also webcasting platforms. For the chaos of webcasting, the webcast platform can’t stay out of it. If the live broadcast platform knows that the anchor violates the law and does not stop it, it should also bear corresponding responsibilities.

  At present, there are great loopholes in the audit of anchor and live content in the webcast platform. After several rounds of governance, the domestic mainstream live broadcast platforms have made great progress in anchor management, content control and on-site supervision, and formed relatively perfect self-examination and self-correction rules. However, there are some informal small live broadcast platforms that spread through some illegal ways and underground ways. The live broadcast content is mostly obscene, pornographic and naked.

  Constructing blacklist system of information sharing

  In order to create a clear live broadcast environment, in fact, the regulatory authorities have already started to rectify the chaos of webcasting and formulated corresponding laws and regulations.

  Since December 1, 2016, the National Network Information Office has implemented the "Regulations on the Management of Internet Live Broadcasting Services", which put forward specific requirements for live broadcasting qualifications, content management, credit system, etc., and set a bottom line for standardizing Internet live broadcasting services. According to the Regulations on the Management of Internet Live Broadcasting Service, the network platform should establish a content review platform and an information review mechanism, implement hierarchical and classified management, and implement the trial before the management of the live broadcast of Internet news information and its interactive content. Some live broadcast platforms have also introduced management rules to regulate the behavior of anchors and users. On February 7, 2018, the Ministry of Public Security deployed public security organs across the country to carry out the "Net Net 2018" special campaign to crack down on network crimes. In that year, 12,000 websites such as obscene pornography were banned and closed nationwide, and 44 major cases of online obscene pornography were listed and supervised.

  Some experts believe that at present, China has made remarkable achievements in rectifying the chaos of webcasting. However, due to the low illegal cost and high supervision cost of the live broadcasting industry, there will still be "fish escaping from the net". In view of the existing "edge ball" and vulgar behaviors, we can take enumeration to concretize the contents and behaviors prohibited by law from live broadcast, so as to improve the operability of the law. At the same time, a blacklist system for information sharing should be established to prevent the illegal online celebrity from appearing again.

  The insiders believe that webcasting is not an anchor’s entertainment behind closed doors, but a performance for the public. The live broadcast platform is not as simple as just providing a platform without any responsibility. We should establish a pre-prevention mechanism, improve the quality of relevant employees, and establish a qualification review mechanism for live broadcasters or a professional anchor training mechanism. Relevant departments must also comprehensively use a variety of regulatory measures and work together to stop hacking illegal accounts, confiscate illegal income, and even close illegal live broadcast websites to prevent the live broadcast platform from becoming a hotbed for nourishing illegal online celebrity.